Xylopia aethiopica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Ethiopian-pepper negro-pepper spicetree

Xylopia aethiopica is an evergreen, aromatic tree, of the Annonaceae family that can grow up to 20m high. It is a native to the lowland rainforest and moist fringe forests in the savanna zones of Africa. The dried fruits of X. aethiopica are used as a spice and an herbal medicine.

Xylopia aethiopica

Medical use

Economic importance of Xylopia aethiopica

Food additives flavoring
Materials wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica Xylopia aethiopica

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit
AHH-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
ATPase-Stimulant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Abortifacient
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed (10900 ppm)
Adrenergic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Fruit
Analeptic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Analgesic
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Anesthetic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Fruit
AntiSubstance-P
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiallergic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antibacterial
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Anticancer
Rutin found in Fruit
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Fruit
Anticataract
Rutin found in Fruit
Anticlastogen
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antidementia
Rutin found in Fruit
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antidermatophytic
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Seed (10900 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antifeedant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antifertility
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiglucuronidase
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Fruit
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Fruit
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Seed (10900 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiherpetic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antihistaminic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antihypertensive
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiimplantation
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Seed (10900 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Fruit
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antimutagenic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antinarcotic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antinociceptive
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antioxidant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiplasmodial
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Fruit
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antiradicular
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiseptic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Fruit
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Fruit
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Fruit
Antitumor
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Rutin found in Fruit
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed (10900 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiviral
Rutin found in Fruit
Apoptotic
Rutin found in Fruit
Aryl-Hydrocarbon-Hydroxylase-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Candidicide
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Fruit
Carcinogenic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Carminative
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Fruit
Catecholaminogenic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Fruit
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Fruit
Cytotoxic
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Endorphinogenic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Epinephrininergic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
FLavor
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Fungicide
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Seed (295500 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Fruit
Hepatoprotective
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Hepatoregenerative
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed (10900 ppm)
Hypertensive
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Rutin found in Fruit
Hypotensive
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Immunomodulator
Rutin found in Fruit
Insecticide
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Insectifuge
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Fruit
Juvabional
Rutin found in Fruit
Larvistat
Rutin found in Fruit
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed (10900 ppm)
Mutagenic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Myocontractant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Fruit
Myorelaxant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Fruit
P450-Inducer
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit
Parasiticide
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Peristaltic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Pesticide
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Protisticide
Rutin found in Fruit
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Fruit
Respirostimulant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Secretogogue
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Sedative
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Spermigenic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Stimulant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Fruit
Thermogenic
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Thyrostimulant
Piperine found in Seed (9100 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Vasodilator
Liriodenine found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Fruit
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-15-hydroxy-kaur-16-enic-acid Fruit
(-)-15-oxokaur-16-enic-acid Fruit
(-)-kaur-16-enic-acid Fruit
(-)-kauran-16-alpha-19-diol Fruit
(-)-kauran-16-alpha-ol Fruit
Anonacein Fruit
Cellulose Seed 295,500
Cineole Fruit 1,260 1,560
Seed 815 1,015
Crebanine Leaf 2.3
Cuminal Seed
Eo Fruit 20,000
Seed 13,000
Fat Fruit 128,800 345,000
Glucose Seed 10,900
Lanuginosine Leaf 2.7
Liriodenine Leaf 1.1
Oxocrebanine Leaf 1.7
Piperine Seed 9,100
Resin Fruit
Roemerine Leaf 4.1
Rutin Fruit
Stepaninine Leaf 1.8
Xylopic-acid Seed 13,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]