Xanthosoma sagittifolium Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
new cocoyam tania

Xanthosoma sagittifolium, the arrowleaf elephant ear or arrowleaf elephant's ear, is a species of tropical flowering plant in the genus Xanthosoma, which produces an edible, starchy tuber.

Xanthosoma sagittifolium

Medical use

Economic importance of Xanthosoma sagittifolium

Human food starch vegetable

Gallery

Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium Xanthosoma sagittifolium

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Barbados; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines - St. Vincent
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (805640 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Analgesic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (6.5 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (27 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (27 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (27 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticataract
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (27 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antidementia
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antigastritic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Antihangover
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (27 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (805640 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Root (6.5 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Root (6.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (38416 ppm);found in Root (4700 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiradicular
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Antiseptic
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (16.6 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (16.6 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (38416 ppm);found in Root (4700 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (16.6 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (720 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (805640 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (16.6 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Root (6.5 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (540 ppm);found in Root (400 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Root (11.3 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (38416 ppm);found in Root (4700 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (720 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (720 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (720 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (38416 ppm);found in Root (4700 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (16.6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (805640 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (365 ppm);found in Root (27 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (580 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (14 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (327 ppm);found in Root (0.6 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Root (4000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (208000 ppm);found in Root (28000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3170 ppm);found in Root (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (39100 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Root (19 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Root 5.3 16.6
Ascorbic Plant
Ash Leaf 13,000 129,000
Root 6,000 146,000
Beta-carotene Leaf 33 327
Root 0 0.6
Boron Root 0.9 6.5
Calcium Leaf 950 17,800
Root 59 4,000
Calcium-oxalate Root 230 720
Carbohydrates Leaf 53,000 553,000
Root 17,000 976,000
Copper Root 1.9 14
Fat Leaf 16,600 103,100
Root 1,000 9,000
Fiber Leaf 21,000 208,000
Root 6,000 28,000
Iron Leaf 20 365
Root 3 27
Kilocalories Leaf 34 3,370
Root 1,320 3,870
Magnesium Leaf 510 3,170
Root 270 2,100
Manganese Root 1.7 11.3
Niacin Root 7 20
Oxalate Leaf 6,800 42,235
Root 600 18,810
Phosphorus Leaf 610 38,416
Root 470 4,700
Potassium Root 4,480 39,100
Protein Leaf 25,000 248,000
Root 5,000 62,000
Riboflavin Root 0.3 0.9
Sodium Leaf 87 540
Root 38 400
Starch Root 257,000 805,640
Sugars Root 2,700 17,870
Sulfur Root 79 580
Thiamin Root 1.3 3.8
Water Leaf 839,000
Root 150,000 770,000
Zinc Root 5 19
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]