Vitex agnus-castus Health effects and herbal facts

Vitex agnus-castus, also called Vitex, Chaste Tree, Chasteberry, Abraham's Balm or Monk's Pepper, is a native of the Mediterranean region. It is one of the few temperate-zone species of Vitex, which is on the whole a genus of tropical and sub-tropical flowering plants. Theophrastus mentioned the shrub several times, as agnos in Enquiry into Plants. Vitex, its name in Pliny the Elder, is derived from the Latin vieo, meaning to weave or to tie up, a reference to the use of Vitex agnus-castus in basketry. Its macaronic specific name repeats "chaste" in both Greek and Latin. Confusion with Vitex on the part of early settlers in the West Indies may have given to Ricinus communis the name "Castor-oil plant". Or the name "castor oil" might have come from its use as a replacement for castoreum.

Vitex agnus-castus

Medical use

Gallery

Vitex agnus-castus Vitex agnus-castus Vitex agnus-castus Vitex agnus-castus Vitex agnus-castus Vitex agnus-castus Vitex agnus-castus Vitex agnus-castus

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Isovitexin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Vitexin found in Fruit
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Chrysosplenol found in Fruit
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Quercetagetin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Vitexin found in Fruit
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Pinene found in Fruit
Anabolic
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Analgesic
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Ancylostomicide
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Androgenic
Androstenedione found in Leaf
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Quercetagetin found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antianemic
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Antiarrhythmic
Vitexin found in Fruit
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Eupatorin found in Fruit
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Pinene found in Fruit
Quercetagetin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (191600 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (1630 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antibradiquinic
Vitexin found in Fruit
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Anticarcinomic
Eupatorin found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Vitexin found in Fruit
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiedemic
Artemetin found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11700 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11700 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antiflatulent
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (191600 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (1630 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Fruit
Antihemophilic
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Vitexin found in Fruit
Antihypogonadic
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Artemetin found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11700 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Chrysosplenol found in Fruit
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Orientin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Vitexin found in Fruit
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Antileukemic
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antilithic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Antimalarial
Artemetin found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Casticin found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Eupatorin found in Fruit
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antimite
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Camphene found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Isoorientin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Isovitexin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Orientin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetagetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Vitexin found in Fruit
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Isoorientin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Penduletin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Agnuside found in Fruit ;found in Wood ;found in Leaf (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Antiradicular
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Penduletin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Pinene found in Fruit
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (191600 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (1630 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiserotoninic
Vitexin found in Fruit
Antishock
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Antisickling
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Chrysosplenol found in Fruit
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Pinene found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Antithyroid
Vitexin found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11700 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (191600 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (1630 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Penduletin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Vitexin found in Fruit
Aphrodisiac
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11700 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Calcium-Sparing
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Isovitexin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Orientin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Vitexin found in Fruit
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Testosterone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Carminative
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Cathartic
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Collagenic
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Pinene found in Fruit
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Eupatorin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Deliriant
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Diuretic
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Dye
Quercetagetin found in Plant
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Emetic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Eupatorin found in Fruit
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Pinene found in Fruit
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (1.4 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Pinene found in Fruit
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (1.4 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11700 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Pinene found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Vitexin found in Fruit
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetagetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Pinene found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Vitexin found in Fruit
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Immunostimulant
Eupatorin found in Fruit
Immunosuppressant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11700 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lactagogue
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Larvicide
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Larvistat
Isoorientin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Laxative
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Paralytic
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Parasiticide
Artemetin found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Casticin found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Eupatorin found in Fruit
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (1.4 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
Pinene found in Fruit
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (191600 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (1630 ppm);found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Fruit
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Artemetin found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (11700 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Casticin found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Germacrene-d found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (70 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Manool found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (18000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Penduletin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Pinene found in Fruit
Quercetagetin found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Artemetin found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Casticin found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Chrysosplenol-d found in Fruit
Eupatorin found in Fruit
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Protisticide
Artemetin found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Casticin found in Fruit (1000 ppm);found in Seed (1000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
RNA-Inhibitor
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.2 ppm)
Pinene found in Fruit
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Manool found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6.6 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (1370 ppm);found in Leaf (21 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (8300 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf (160 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9800 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (1036500 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm);found in Leaf (390 ppm);found in Fruit (4000 ppm);found in Flower ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (112100 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower ;found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Fruit (4225 ppm)
Citronellol found in Leaf (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (14400 ppm);found in Leaf (650 ppm);found in Leaf (10 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Flower
Trypanocide
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Uricosuric
Aucubin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4000 ppm);found in Wood ;found in Shoot
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Vasodilator
Isorhamnetin found in Root Bark
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark
Vermifuge
Ascaridole found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Leaf (0.5 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Flower ;found in Fruit (800 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (38200 ppm);found in Leaf (720 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root Bark
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Orientin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Leaf
Vitexin found in Fruit
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-beta-farnesene Flower
Fruit
Leaf 2.5 160
Leaf 2.5
(e)-caryophyllene Flower
Leaf
Fruit
1,8-cineol Flower
Fruit
Leaf
1,8-cineole Flower
Leaf 115
Leaf 115 7,500
Fruit 600 4,225
17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone Leaf
17-hydroxyprogesterone Leaf
2-alpha-3-alpha-dihydroxyolean-5,12-dien-28-oic-acid Leaf
2-alpha-3-beta-diacetoxy-18-hydroxyolean-5,12-dien-28-oic-acid Leaf
2-beta-3-alpha-diacetoxyolean-5,12-dien-28-oic-acid Leaf
3,3'-dihydroxy-5,6,7,4'-tetramethoxy-flavon Plant
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid Plant
3-beta-acetoxyolean-12-en-27-oic-acid Leaf
5,4'-dihydroxy-3,6,7,3'-tetramethoxyflavone Root Bark
5-hydroxy-2-methoxybenzoic-acid Plant
6'-o-(6,7-dihydrofoliamenthoyl)mussaenosidic-acid Shoot
6'-o-foliamenthoylmussaenosidic-acid Shoot
6'-o-p-hydroxybenzoylmussaenosidic-acid Shoot
6-beta-7-beta-diacetoxy-13-hydroxy-labda-8,14-dien Fruit 200 1,000
6-hydroxykaempferol-3,4',6,7-trimethylether Fruit
6-hydroxykaempferol-3,6,7-trimethylether Fruit
7-o-trans-p-coumaroyl-6'-o-trans-caffeoyl-8-epiloganic-acid Shoot
Abietatriene Fruit Essent. Oil 4,400
Agnoside Fruit
Agnucastoside-a Shoot
Agnucastoside-b Shoot
Agnucastoside-c Shoot
Agnuside Fruit
Wood
Leaf 3,000 6,000
Shoot
Allo-aromadendrene Flower
Fruit
Leaf 0.5 1
Leaf 0.5
Alpha-gurjunene Leaf Essent. Oil 3,900
Flower
Leaf 0.2 14
Leaf 0.2
Alpha-pinene Fruit Essent. Oil 6.6
Flower
Fruit 21 4,000
Leaf 21 1,370
Leaf 21
Leaf Essent. Oil 43,200
Alpha-terpineol Flower
Fruit
Leaf 5 330
Leaf 5
Alpha-terpineol acetate Flower
Leaf
Fruit
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Flower
Leaf 1.8
Fruit
Leaf 1.8 120
Alpha-thujene Leaf Essent. Oil 7,900
Flower
Leaf 1.4 90
Leaf 1.4
Fruit
Androstenedione Leaf
Apigenin-3,8-di-c-glycoside Fruit
Artemetin Plant
Root Bark
Ascaridole Leaf 0.49 30
Leaf 0.5
Aucubin Fruit
Leaf 3,000 4,000
Wood
Shoot
Aucuboside Fruit
Leaf
Beta-bourbonene Leaf 0.2 14
Leaf 0.2
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil 63,800
Flower
Fruit
Leaf 2 140
Leaf 2
Beta-phellandrene Leaf 1.4
Leaf 1.4 90
Beta-pinene Fruit Essent. Oil 8,300
Flower
Leaf 2.5 160
Leaf 2.5
Leaf Essent. Oil 9,800
Fruit 600 4,000
Bicyclogermacrene Flower
Fruit
Leaf
Bornyl-acetate Fruit 80 800
Leaf 0.2
Leaf 0.2 14
Camphene Leaf 0.2 14
Leaf 0.2 7
Leaf 0.2
Camphor Flower
Fruit 80 800
Leaf
Fruit
Caryophyllene-oxide Leaf Essent. Oil 11,700
Leaf 1.6 100
Leaf 1.6
Fruit
Flower
Casticin Fruit 1,000
Seed 1,000
Shoot
Plant
Leaf
Casticine Seed
Castine Fruit
Chrysophanol-d Plant
Chrysosplenol Fruit
Chrysosplenol-d Fruit
Cineol Fruit Essent. Oil
Cineole Fruit
Citronellol Leaf 0.5
Leaf 0.5 32
Cuminic-aldehyde Leaf 0.2
Leaf 0.2 14
Delta-3-ketosteroids Leaf
Delta-terpineol Leaf
Diterpenes Fruit
Eo Flower 3,000 7,600
Fruit 4,000 16,000
Leaf 230 16,000
Leaf 230
Fruit 4,000 12,000
Epitestosterone Flower
Leaf
Eupatorin Fruit
Eurostoside Leaf 700
Fat Seed 38,000 100,000
Flavonoids Root Bark
Gamma-cadinene Leaf 0.2
Leaf 0.2 14
Gamma-elemene Leaf 0.2 6
Leaf 0.2
Gamma-terpinene Flower
Leaf
Fruit
Germacrene-d Leaf 0.2
Leaf 0.2 10
Homoorientin Leaf
Isoorientin Leaf
Shoot 70
Isorhamnetin Root Bark
Isovitexin Leaf
Isovitexin-xyloside Leaf
Kaempferol Plant
Ledol Leaf Essent. Oil 5,800
Leaf 0.5
Fruit
Leaf 0.5 32
Flower
Limonene Fruit Essent. Oil 1,036,500
Leaf 6
Leaf 6 390
Fruit 590 4,000
Flower
Leaf Essent. Oil 112,100
Linalool Leaf 0.5 32
Leaf 0.5
Linoleic-acid Fruit
Luteolin Root Bark
Luteolin-6-c-(2''-o-trans-caffeoylglucoside) Root Bark
Luteolin-6-c-(4''-methyl-6''-o-trans-caffeoylglucoside) Root Bark
Luteolin-6-c-(6''-o-trans-caffeoylglucoside) Root Bark
Luteolin-7-glucoside Leaf
Luteolin-7-o-(6''-p-benzoylglucoside) Root Bark
Manool Flower
Leaf
Fruit
Methyl-3,4-dihydroxybenzoate Plant
Methyl-4-hydroxybenzoate Plant
Mussaenosidic-acid Shoot
Myrcene Leaf Essent. Oil 18,000
Flower
Fruit
Leaf 3
Leaf 3 200
Myzodendrone Shoot
Orientin Fruit
Shoot 70
Leaf
Orthocymol Leaf Essent. Oil
Flower Essent. Oil
Orthocynol Leaf
P-cymen-8-ol Leaf 0.5
Leaf 0.5 32
P-cymene Leaf Essent. Oil 14,400
Leaf 10 650
Leaf 10
Fruit
Flower
P-cymol Fruit
P-hydroxybenzoic-acid Plant
Penduletin Fruit
Plant
Pinene Fruit
Progesterone Leaf
Protein Seed 54,000 81,000
Pseudoindican Plant
Quercetagetin Plant
Quercetagetin-3,6,7-trimethylether Fruit
Quinone Leaf
Rotundifuran Fruit 400 3,000
Rubber Root 110
Sabinene Leaf Essent. Oil 191,600
Flower
Fruit 80 800
Leaf 25 1,630
Leaf 25
Fruit
Sclarene Leaf
Spathulenol Leaf Essent. Oil 11,600
Leaf 0.9 60
Leaf 0.9
Fruit
Flower
T-cadinol Leaf Essent. Oil 10,700
Leaf 2.5 160
Flower
Leaf 2.5
Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 38,200
Leaf 11 720
Leaf 11
Testosterone Flower
Leaf
Tetrahydroxymonomethoxyflavone-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Trans-beta-farnesene Flower
Leaf
Fruit
Vanillic-acid Plant
Viteagnusin-a Fruit
Viteagnusin-b Fruit
Viteagnusin-c Fruit
Viteagnusin-d Fruit
Viteagnusin-e Fruit
Viteagnusin-f Fruit
Viteagnusin-g Fruit
Viteagnusin-h Fruit
Vitetrifolin-b Fruit
Vitetrifolin-c Fruit
Vitexilactone Fruit
Vitexin Fruit
Viticin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]