Viscum album Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
European mistletoe mistletoe

Viscum album is a species of mistletoe in the family Santalaceae, commonly known as European mistletoe, common mistletoe or simply as mistletoe. It is native to Europe and western and southern Asia. Viscum album is a hemiparasite on several species of trees, from which it draws water and nutrients. It has a significant role in European mythology, legends, and customs. In modern times, it is commonly featured in Christmas decoration and symbology.

Viscum album

Medical use

Economic importance of Viscum album

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Social religious/secular
Weed parasite potential sed contaminant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Xizang , Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Vietnam
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
ACE-Inhibitor
Syringin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Absorbent
Starch found in Stem
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Adaptogenic
Syringin found in Plant
Adrenergic
Tyramine found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Avicularin found in Twig
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histamine found in Plant
Mannitol found in Plant
Analeptic
Gaba found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Mannitol found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Androgenic
Eleutheroside-e found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Tyramine found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Lutein found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Tin found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Antibiotic
Avicularin found in Twig
Anticancer
Alpha-carotene found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Betulin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Plant
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Antichilblain
Histamine found in Plant
Antichoreic
Gaba found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Inositol found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticomplementary
Quercetin-3-o-rhamnoside found in Plant
Syringin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Juice
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Shoot
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Antifertility
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Juice
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Juice
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Juice
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Juice
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Betulin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Plant
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Lutein found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Histamine found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Stem
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lutein found in Leaf
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Selenium found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-carotene found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lutein found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Syringin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lutein found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Juice
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (283 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Eleutheroside-e found in Plant
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Syringin found in Plant
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Betulin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (283 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Betulin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Shoot
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Juice
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bronchoconstrictor
Histamine found in Plant
Bronchostimulant
Histamine found in Plant
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (283 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cardiac
Viscotoxin found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Silicon found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Plant
Histamine found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Colorant
Alpha-carotene found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Lutein found in Leaf
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Avicularin found in Twig
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Juice
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Asparagine found in Juice
Avicularin found in Twig
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Emetic
Mannitol found in Plant
Emollient
Starch found in Stem
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (283 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (92 ppm)
FLavor
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Plant
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Gastrostimulant
Histamine found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Histamine found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (49 ppm)
Tyramine found in Plant
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Juice
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (159 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypotensive
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Gaba found in Plant
Histamine found in Plant
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Syringin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf
Syringin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Phenethylamine found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Xanthophyll found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Irritant
Histamine found in Plant
Phenethylamine found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipotropic
Inositol found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Myostimulant
Histamine found in Plant
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Selenium found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Juice
Nematicide
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Plant
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Plant
Tyramine found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Neurotropic
Syringin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2400 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Leaf (283 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Avicularin found in Twig
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Mannitol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Phenethylamine found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Tin found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Tyramine found in Plant
Xanthophyll found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Juice
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf
Poultice
Starch found in Stem
Previtamin-A
Alpha-carotene found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Iron found in Leaf (460 ppm)
Lutein found in Leaf
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5.4 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Lutein found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Histamine found in Plant
Secretogogue
Histamine found in Plant
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gaba found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Spasmogenic
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Histamine found in Plant
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Juice
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Inositol found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Sympathomimetic
Tyramine found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tachycardic
Histamine found in Plant
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Twig
Tonic
Syringin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Shoot
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Gaba found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf
Inositol found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Lutein found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Histamine found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf
Vasoconstrictor
Tyramine found in Plant
Vasodilator
Acetyl-choline found in Plant
Arginine found in Juice
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (8910 ppm)
Histamine found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3110 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (12200 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tyramine found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
4,5-dihydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone Twig
Acetyl-choline Plant
Alpha-carotene Leaf
Aluminum Leaf 283
Arginine Juice
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 7,500
Ash Leaf 54,000
Asorbic-acid Leaf 750
Asparagine Juice
Avicularin Twig
Beta-amyrin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-carotene Leaf
Betulin Shoot
Betulinic-acid Leaf
Shoot 5.4
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Leaf 8,910
Ceryl-alcohol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Chromium Leaf 19
Cobalt Leaf 92
Cysteic-acid Juice
Eleutheroside-e Plant
Epsilon-n-methyl-lysine Plant
Fat Leaf 23,000
Flavoradorinine-b Plant
Flavoyadorinine-a Plant
Gaba Plant
Gentisic-acid Shoot
Glucose Plant
Guaiacyl-syringyl-lignin Plant
Histamine Plant
Homoflavoyadoronine-b Plant
Hydroxylysine Juice
Inositol Fruit 4,000
Iron Leaf 460
Lupeol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lutein Leaf
Magnesium Leaf 3,110
Manganese Leaf 159
Mannitol Plant
Meso-inositol Fruit 12,000
Myristic-acid Plant
Oleanolic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palmitic-acid Fruit
Phenethylamine Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 2,400
Potassium Leaf 12,200
Protein Leaf 119,000
Quercetin-3-arabinoside Plant
Quercetin-3-o-rhamnoside Plant
Quercitol Plant
Resin Plant
Rhamnose Plant
Selenium Leaf
Silicon Leaf
Sinapic-acid Plant
Sodium Leaf 49
Starch Stem
Syrinagresinol Shoot
Syringaresinol-mono-o-glucoside Plant
Syringenin-4'-apiosyl-glucoside Plant
Syringenin-4'-o-glucoside Plant
Syringin Plant
Tin Leaf 18
Tyramine Plant
Viscic-acid Shoot
Viscin Plant
Viscotoxin Plant
Water Leaf 798,000
Xanthophyll Plant
Zinc Leaf 86
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]