Veratrum viride Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American false hellebore American white-hellebore American-hellebore giant false helleborine green false hellebore green veratrum Indian poke itchweed

Veratrum viride is a species of Veratrum native to eastern and western North America. It is extremely toxic, and is considered a pest plant by farmers with livestock. The species has acquired a large number of common names within its native range, including American False Hellebore, American White Hellebore, Bear Corn, Big Hellebore, Corn Lily, Devils Bite, Duck Retten, Indian Hellebore, Itch-weed, Itchweed, Poor Annie, Blue Hellebore, and Tickleweed. It is a herbaceous perennial plant reaching 0.7–2 m tall, with a solid green stem. The leaves are spirally arranged, 10–35 cm long and 5–20 cm broad, elliptic to broad lanceolate ending in a short point, heavily ribbed and hairy on the underside. The flowers are numerous, produced in a large branched inflorescence 30–70 cm tall; each flower is 5–12 mm long, with six green to yellow-green tepals. The fruit is a capsule 1.5–3 cm long, which splits into three sections at maturity to release the numerous flat 8–10 mm diameter seeds. The plant reproduces through rhizome growth as well as seeds. There are two varieties: Veratrum viride var. viride. Eastern North America. Side branches of inflorescence erect or spreading.

Veratrum viride

Medical use

Economic importance of Veratrum viride

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Non-vertebrate poisons plant pest control
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride Veratrum viride

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

Biological activities

Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Analgesic
Veratrine found in Root
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihypertensive
Veratramine found in Root
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Arrhythmigenic
Germine found in Root
Cardiactive
Germine found in Root
Counterirritant
Veratrine found in Root
Emetic
Veratrine found in Root
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Rubijervine found in Root
Hypotensive
Germbudine found in Root
Germidine found in Root
Germine found in Root
Germitrine found in Root
Isogermidine found in Root
Neogermitrine found in Root
Insecticide
Cevadine found in Root
Jervine found in Plant
Irritant
Cevadine found in Root
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Mucoirritant
Veratrine found in Root
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Parasiticide
Veratrine found in Root
Pediculicide
Veratrine found in Root
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Cevadine found in Root
Jervine found in Plant
Rubijervine found in Root
Veratrine found in Root
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Ruminatoric
Veratrine found in Root
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Rhizome

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]