Valeriana officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common valerian garden-heliotrope valerian
Valeriana officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Valeriana officinalis

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines source of valepotriates

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Kurile Islands , Primorye, Sakhalin
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root (15000 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Root (65 ppm);found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
AntiMS
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiacetylcholinesterase
(-)-borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Elemol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root ;found in Leaf (36 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Tin found in Root (28 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (48 ppm);found in Root (48 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root (9000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Guaiazulene found in Root Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (48 ppm);found in Root (48 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Valepotriates found in Rhizome ;found in Root (23600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (103000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiasphyctic
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm);found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Tin found in Root (28 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (48 ppm);found in Root (48 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Luteolin found in Root
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (48 ppm);found in Root (48 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Actinidine found in Rhizome (1.8 ppm);found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Root
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (9000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Glucose found in Root (15000 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Rhizome
Leucine found in Rhizome
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root
Valine found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Root
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (9000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm);found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Rhizome
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Glucose found in Root (15000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Rhizome
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antihysteric
Valeric-acid found in Root
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Arginine found in Rhizome
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-curcumene found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Eugenyl-acetate found in Root
Guaiazulene found in Root Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiinsomnic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root (9000 ppm)
Glucose found in Root (15000 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antileprotic
Guaiazulene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antimalarial
Myrtenol found in Root (85 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Iron found in Root (48 ppm);found in Root (48 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Rhizome
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root (9000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Silicon found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (330 ppm);found in Root (330 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Root (65 ppm);found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Catalase found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Cholesterol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Rhizome
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antipeptic
Guaiazulene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Root
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiplasmodial
Myrtenol found in Root (85 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-elemene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Root
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Guaiazulene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Ar-curcumene found in Root
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Root
Baldrinal found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Root
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Malic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm);found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Rhizome
Glutamine found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenyl-acetate found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Valerenic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Valeric-acid found in Root
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Root
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-curcumene found in Root
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Dihydrovaltrate found in Root
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Valepotriates found in Rhizome ;found in Root (23600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (103000 ppm)
Valtrate found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (450 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Root (18000 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Ar-curcumene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Elemol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root ;found in Leaf (36 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Guaiazulene found in Root Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm);found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Root
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root (15000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Ar-curcumene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (330 ppm);found in Root (330 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Root
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Rhizome
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Valepotriates found in Rhizome ;found in Root (23600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (103000 ppm)
Valerenic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Valerenone found in Rhizome ;found in Root
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Beta-myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8200 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Serine found in Rhizome
Squalene found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tyrosine found in Root
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Candidistat
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (4.8 ppm);found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Cholinergic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Coronary-Dilator
Valepotriates found in Rhizome ;found in Root (23600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (103000 ppm)
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Root
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Root
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Root
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Culicide
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Dihydrovaltrate found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Valepotriates found in Rhizome ;found in Root (23600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (103000 ppm)
Valtrate found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (450 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Root (18000 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Arginine found in Rhizome
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Asparagine found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Emetic
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (4.8 ppm);found in Root (4.8 ppm)
Essential
Isoleucine found in Rhizome
Leucine found in Rhizome
Valine found in Rhizome
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (35 ppm);found in Root
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Root (65 ppm);found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Bornyl-formate found in Root
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Root (65 ppm);found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Dihydrocarvyl-acetate found in Root
Formic-acid found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
N-butyl-valerate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (24600 ppm)
N-valeraldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (12300 ppm);found in Leaf (315 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Root
Valine found in Rhizome
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Feline-attractant
Actinidine found in Rhizome (1.8 ppm);found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Root (30000 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Root
Actinidine found in Rhizome (1.8 ppm);found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (35 ppm);found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Fungistat
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Root
GABA-Inhibitor
Valerenic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Root
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoregenerative
Azulene found in Root
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root (15000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (230 ppm);found in Root (230 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Rhizome
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Plant
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Hypotriglyceridemic
Alpha-curcumene found in Root
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Flower (221 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (330 ppm);found in Root (330 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
(-)-borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Root (65 ppm);found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Isobornyl-acetate found in Root (3030 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Formic-acid found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Root
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (9000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Lipotropic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Squalene found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm);found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root (15000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome
Tyrosine found in Root
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Musculotropic
Dihydrovaltrate found in Root
Mutagenic
Baldrinal found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Root
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Rhizome
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root (9000 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Rhizome
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (330 ppm);found in Root (330 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Oxidant
Alanine found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Leaf (58000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm);found in Stem (30000 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (8200 ppm);found in Leaf (210 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (35 ppm);found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenyl-acetate found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Guaiol found in Root
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Myrtenyl-acetate found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm);found in Leaf (345 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Root
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Root
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Pesticide
(-)-borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Root
Actinidine found in Rhizome (1.8 ppm);found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Azulene found in Root
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Root (65 ppm);found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Plant
D-limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Formic-acid found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Guaiol found in Root
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Isobornyl-acetate found in Root (3030 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Thiamin found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Tin found in Root (28 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Rhizome
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Root
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Iron found in Root (48 ppm);found in Root (48 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant (165000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (3000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Rhizome
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Baldrinal found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (8565 ppm);found in Root (6300 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Dihydrovaltrate found in Root
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
Homobaldrinal found in Root
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Valepotriates found in Rhizome ;found in Root (23600 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (103000 ppm)
Valerenic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Valerenone found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Valeric-acid found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Root
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root (83000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (600 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Root (65 ppm);found in Leaf (130 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Root (165 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Fructose found in Root (9000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (28 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (51000 ppm);found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (76000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Guaiol found in Root
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Thymoleptic
Acevaltrate found in Plant ;found in Root (120 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (120 ppm)
Dihydrovaltrate found in Root
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Root
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (153000 ppm);found in Leaf (3900 ppm);found in Root (460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Root
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (239100 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil (25000 ppm);found in Rhizome Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (6095 ppm);found in Root (500 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (43000 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil (48000 ppm);found in Leaf (1100 ppm);found in Root (960 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (25500 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Rhizome
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1660 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Geraniol found in Root (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenyl-acetate found in Root
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Cycloartenol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (4.4 ppm);found in Root (4.4 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Rhizome
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (42000 ppm);found in Root (42000 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (79000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Plant (62000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (3180 ppm);found in Root (3180 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vermicide
Carvone found in Root (1640 ppm)
Thymol found in Root (860 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Root (195 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (75400 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1925 ppm);found in Root (2365 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root (7300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root (5800 ppm)
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-actinidine Root
(+)-beta-bisabolene Root Essent. Oil
(+)-eremophilene Root Essent. Oil
(+)-gamma-cadinene Root Essent. Oil
(+)-maalioxide Plant
(-)-actinidine Root
(-)-alloaromadendrene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-alpha-fenchene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-alpha-pinene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-ar-curcumene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-beta-elemene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-beta-phellandrene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-beta-pinene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-borneol Root Essent. Oil
Root
(-)-borneol-acetate Root
(-)-borneol-isovalerate Root Essent. Oil
Root
(-)-camphene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-limonene Root Essent. Oil
(-)-myrtenol Leaf Essent. Oil 1,200 2,400
Leaf 3 60
Root
(-)-myrtenol-isovalerate Root
(-)-pacifigorgiol Essential Oil 7,000 86,000
(s)-(-)-actinidine Root
1,8-cineol Leaf Essent. Oil 37,700 65,100
1,8-cineole Leaf 85 1,660
1-alpha-acevaltrate Root
2-acetyl-pyrrole Plant
7-beta-acevaltrate Root
7-epideacetylisovaltrate Root
8-epikessanol Plant
Acetic-acid Root
Acetoxy-valepotriatum Plant
Acetoxyvalerenic-acid Root
Acetoxyvalerenoic-acid Root 10 1,680
Acetoxyvaltrate Rhizome
Root
Acevaltrate Plant
Root 120
Tissue Culture 100 120
Actinidine Rhizome 1.8
Root 0.5
Alanine Rhizome
Root
Alkaloids Root 500 2,000
Allo-aromadendrene Leaf Essent. Oil 9,700
Root 0 195
Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-curcumene Root
Alpha-elaeostearic-acid Seed Oil 446,000
Alpha-fenchene Root
Alpha-kerzylalcohol Root
Alpha-kessyl-alcohol Root
Alpha-methyl-2-pyrrolyl-ketone Plant
Alpha-methyl-ketone-pyrrole Root
Alpha-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000 239,100
Essential Oil
Root Essent. Oil 25,000
Rhizome Essent. Oil
Leaf 2 6,095
Root 1 500
Alpha-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil 600
Leaf 15
Alpha-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil 9,500 75,400
Root Essent. Oil
Leaf 22 1,925
Root 95 2,365
Alpha-tocopherol Flower 221
Alpha-valene Root
Aluminum Root 422
Root 50 422
Anhydrovalenol-isovalerate Rhizome
Ar-curcumene Root
Arginine Rhizome
Ascorbic-acid Root 0
Root 0
Ash Root 143,000
Root 16,874 143,000
Asparagine Rhizome
Aspartic-acid Rhizome
Azulene Root
Baldrianic-acid Root
Baldriatannic-acid Root
Baldrinal Root
Beta-bisabolene Leaf Essent. Oil 6,200 9,000
Root 2 165
Beta-carotene Root
Root
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,500 13,600
Leaf 6 345
Root Essent. Oil
Beta-cubebene Leaf Essent. Oil 6,500 13,100
Leaf 15 335
Beta-elemene Root
Beta-ionone Leaf Essent. Oil 1,800 3,000
Leaf 4 75
Root
Beta-methyl-glucoside Leaf
Beta-methyl-valeric-acid Root Essent. Oil
Beta-myrcene Leaf Essent. Oil 900 8,200
Leaf 2 210
Beta-phellandrene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,400
Leaf 35
Root
Beta-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil 5,400 43,000
Root Essent. Oil 48,000
Leaf 12 1,100
Root 50 960
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Root
Rhizome
Beta-sitosterol-stearate Root
Beta-valene Rhizome
Bisabolol Root
Borneol Leaf Essent. Oil 18,200 153,000
Leaf 5 3,900
Root 5 460
Root Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Borneol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000 335,900
Rhizome
Rhizome Essent. Oil
Root Essent. Oil 315,000
Essential Oil
Borneol-formate Root Essent. Oil
Borneol-isovalerate Essential Oil
Rhizome Essent. Oil
Borneol-isovalerianate Root Essent. Oil 15,000
Bornyl-acetate Leaf 9 8,565
Root 65 6,300
Bornyl-butyrate Root
Bornyl-formate Root
Bornyl-isovalerate Root 250 9,780
Bornyl-isovalerianate Root 15 300
Caffeic-acid Plant
Root 5,800
Calcium Root 4,956 42,000
Root 42,000
Campesterol Plant
Camphene Leaf Essent. Oil 5,000
Root 3 65
Leaf 0 130
Root Essent. Oil
Rhizome Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Capronic-acid Plant 204,000
Carbohydrates Root 88,500 750,000
Root 750,000
Carvacrol Root 10 195
Carvone Root 80 1,640
Carvyl-acetate Root
Caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil 51,000
Leaf 115 1,300
Rhizome Essent. Oil
Root 29 1,520
Root Essent. Oil 76,000
Essential Oil
Catalase Root
Chatinene Root
Chatinine Leaf
Root
Chlorogenic-acid Root 7,300
Cholesteril-n-valerate Plant
Cholesterol Plant
Choline Leaf 52,000 58,000
Root 12,000 30,000
Stem 30,000
Root 3,540 30,000
Chromium Root 0.2 1.8
Root 1.8
Cis-valerenol-acetate Root
Cis-valerenol-isovalerate Root
Citronellol-isovalerate Leaf Essent. Oil 15,900 18,000
Leaf 36 460
Cobalt Root 0.6 4.8
Root 4.8
Cryptofauronol Root
Cycloartenol Plant
D-limonene Leaf Essent. Oil 55,000
Leaf 125 1,400
Deacetylisolavtrate Root
Delta-bisabolene Root 8 150
Delta-cadinene Root
Delta-valene Rhizome
Deoxydodidrovaltrate Root
Didrovaltrate Root 50 1,000
Tissue Culture 40
Dihydrocarvyl-acetate Root
Dihydrovalepotriatum Plant
Dihydrovaltrate Root
Elemol Leaf Essent. Oil 1,400
Essential Oil
Root
Leaf 3 36
Root Essent. Oil
Eo Root Essent. Oil 5,000
Root 590 20,000
Root 1,000 28,000
Leaf 2,300 28,000
Eremophilene Root
Ergnophyline Root
Eudesmol Root
Eugenol-isovalerate Leaf Essent. Oil
Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol-valerate Root Essent. Oil
Eugenyl-acetate Root
Eugenyl-isovalerate Root
Fat Root 2,714 23,000
Root 23,000
Faurinol Root
Faurinone Root 105 2,080
Fiber Root 79,000
Fiber(crude) Root 79,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 423,000
Formic-acid Root
Fructose Root 9,000
Gaba Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid Rhizome
Root
Gamma-cadinene Root
Gamma-linolenic-acid Plant 62,000
Gamma-terpinene Root Essent. Oil
Root
Gamma-valene Rhizome
Geraniol Root 1 120
Glucose Root 15,000
Glutamic-acid Root
Glutamine Rhizome
Root
Guaiazulene Root Essent. Oil
Guaiol Root
Gum Root
Root 14,160 120,000
Homoacevaltrate Root 300
Homobaldrinal Root
Homodeoxydodidrovaltrate Root
Homodidrovaltrate Root
Homodivaltrate Root
Homovaltrate Root
Hydroxyvalerinic-acid Root
Iron Root 48
Root 6 48
Isoborneol Leaf Essent. Oil 18,200 153,000
Root
Leaf 42 3,900
Root Essent. Oil
Isoborneol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 2,600 8,400
Root Essent. Oil
Isoborneol-isovalerate Leaf Essent. Oil 112,500 478,000
Root Essent. Oil
Isobornyl-acetate Root 55 3,030
Isobornyl-isovalerate Leaf 260 12,190
Root
Isoeugenol-isovalerate Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol-valerate Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenyl-isovalerate Root
Isoleucine Rhizome
Isovaleramide Root
Isovalerianic-acid Leaf Essent. Oil 8,400
Root 200,000
Leaf 0 215
Isovaleric-acid Root Essent. Oil
Root
Isovaleroxy-dihydrovaltrate Rhizome
Isovaleroxy-hydroxy-didrovaltrate Root 25 1,000
Isovaleroxy-hydroxy-dihydrovaltrate Root
Isovaltrate Rhizome 5,280
Root 500 6,300
Isovaltrates Root
Kaempferol Plant
Kanokosides Plant
Kessane Root Essent. Oil
Root
Kessene Plant
Kessyl-2-ol Root
Kessyl-2-ol-acetate Root
Kessyl-6-ol Root
Kessyl-6-ol-acetate Root
Kessyl-glycol Plant
Kessyl-glycol-diacetate Root
Kongol Plant
Ledol Root
Leucine Rhizome
Limonene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,300 25,500
Root
Root Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid Plant 165,000
Lipase Root
Luteolin Root
Maali-alcohol Rhizome
Maaliol Root
Magnesium Root 375 3,180
Root 3,180
Malic-acid Root
Manganese Root 0.7 5.6
Root 5.6
Myrcene Root Essent. Oil
Root
Myrten-1-ol Rhizome
Myrten-1-ol-isovalerate Rhizome
Myrtenol Root 3 85
Myrtenyl-acetate Root
Myrtenyl-isovalerate Rhizome
Myrtenyl-isovalerianate Root
N-(2-(4-hydroxy-phenyl)-ethyl)-10-hydroxy-actinidinium Root 10
N-(2-(4-hydroxy-phenyl)-ethyl)-actinidinium Root 300
N-(beta-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-ethyl)-actinidine Plant
N-(p-hydroxyphenethyl)-actinidine Root
N-butyl-valerate Leaf Essent. Oil 4 24,600
N-valeraldehyde Leaf Essent. Oil 2,200 12,300
Leaf 5 315
Niacin Root 52
Root 6 52
Oleic-acid Plant 3,000
Oxydase Root
P-coumaric-acid Plant
P-cymene Root Essent. Oil
Root
P-cymol Root
Pacifigorgiol Leaf 16 2,195
Palmitic-acid Root 83,000
Patchoulyl-alcohol Root
Pentyl-valerate Leaf Essent. Oil 1,800 22,200
Leaf 4 565
Peroxidase Root
Phenylalanine Rhizome
Phosphorus Root 39 330
Root 330
Potassium Root 1,215 10,300
Root 10,300
Protein Root 10,148 86,000
Root 86,000
Quercetin Plant
Raffinose Root 30,000
Resin Root
Riboflavin Root 0.1 1.2
Root 1.2
Sabinene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,200 13,600
Leaf 3 345
Saccharose Plant 50,000
Selenium Root 0.5 4.4
Root 4.4
Serine Rhizome
Silicon Root 0.1 0.9
Root 0.9
Skyanthine Plant
Sodium Root 27 230
Root 230
Squalene Plant
Stearic-acid Root
Stigmastanol Plant
Stigmasterol Plant
Stigmasterol-acetate Plant
Tannins Root
Terpinolene Leaf Essent. Oil 3,100 9,200
Root
Leaf 7 235
Root Essent. Oil
Thiamin Root 1.6
Thiamine Root 0.2 1.6
Thymol Root 3 860
Tin Root 3.3 28
Root 28
Trans-valerenol Root
Trans-valerenol-acetate Root
Trans-valerenol-isovalerate Root
Trideca-12-ene-2-4-6-8-10-pentayne Root
Tridecen-(1)-pentain(3,5,7,9,11) Root
Tyrosine Root
Valdiate Root
Valechlorin Plant
Valechlorine Root
Valenol Rhizome
Root
Valenol-isovalerate Rhizome
Valepotriates Rhizome
Root 1,000 23,600
Tissue Culture 103,000
Valepotriatum Plant
Valeranal Leaf Essent. Oil 56,000 101,500
Leaf 130 2,590
Valeranine Root
Valeranone Leaf Essent. Oil 30,400 67,500
Root 555 11,120
Rhizome
Root Essent. Oil
Leaf 70 1,720
Essential Oil
Valerenal Essential Oil
Root 30 4,000
Root Essent. Oil
Valerenic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Root
Valerenol Plant
Valerenol-hexandrate Root
Valerenol-valerate Root
Valerenolic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Root
Valerenone Rhizome
Root
Valerenonic-acid Root 190 1,400
Valeriadipyridone Rhizome
Valeriana-phenol Rhizome
Valerianine Root
Valerianol Root Essent. Oil
Root
Valerianolic-acid Root
Valerianone Root
Valeric-acid Root
Valeridine Root
Valerine Leaf
Root
Valerosidate Root 15,000
Valerosidatum Root
Valeroside-a Rhizome 440
Valine Rhizome
Valtrate Plant
Tissue Culture 380 450
Rhizome
Root 4,000 18,000
Valtrate-isovaleroxyhydrin Root
Water Root 823,000
Root 882,000
Zinc Root
Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]