Urtica dioica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
California nettle common nettle European nettle giant nettle nettle stinging nettle

Urtica dioica subsp. gracilis, the California nettle or American stinging nettle, is a herbaceous perennial plant native to most of the United States and Canada. It is either considered to be a subspecies of stinging nettle, or a species in its own right: Urtica gracilis.

Urtica dioica

Medical use

Economic importance of Urtica dioica

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • China: China - Gansu , Qinghai, Sichuan , Xinjiang , Xizang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India ; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory , Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama , Delaware, Georgia , Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi , North Carolina , Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Sonora

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (20 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Leaf
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Phosphoric-acid found in Plant
Additive
Phosphoric-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Astragalin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Root (109 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Allergenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Lignans found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Boron found in Leaf (47 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Anesthetic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
AntiUTI
Mannose found in Leaf
Antiacid
Glycine found in Leaf
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiadhesive
Mannose found in Leaf
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm);found in Seed (57 ppm);found in Root (63 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Leaf
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Plant ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Coumarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Iron found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm);found in Seed (57 ppm);found in Root (63 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (33300 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Glucosamine found in Root (250 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Acetophenone found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm);found in Seed (57 ppm);found in Root (63 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Glycerol found in Seed (9045 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Plant
Iron found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm);found in Seed (57 ppm);found in Root (63 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Anticystitic
Mannose found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antidepressant
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Maltose found in Root
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Xylose found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Root
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Antiear-wax
Glycerol found in Seed (9045 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Glucose found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Glycine found in Leaf
Leucine found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Valine found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Lignans found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antigastrisecretogogic
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Glycine found in Leaf
Pectin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Plant
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Leaf
Glucuronic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lysine found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antiileus
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Glucose found in Leaf
Glycerol found in Seed (9045 ppm)
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Root
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Root (109 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Root
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Lecithin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Plant ;found in Root
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm);found in Seed (57 ppm);found in Root (63 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lignans found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Antimutilation
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimycotic
Lignans found in Root
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Plant
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Glycerol found in Seed (9045 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (33300 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (47 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (47 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4470 ppm);found in Leaf (6800 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (33300 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Campesterol found in Root ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Histidine found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lignans found in Root
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Lycopene found in Plant
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Secoisolariciresinol found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antipredatory
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Glycine found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Lycopene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Stigmast-4-en-3-one found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Leaf
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Lecithin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Lycopene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Antireserpine
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Plant
Antiscoliotic
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Lecithin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Plant
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Plant
Glycine found in Leaf
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Root (109 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antitourette
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Root (109 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lignans found in Root
Lycopene found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Antitussive
Pectin found in Root
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Glycine found in Leaf
Histidine found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Threonine found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Aluminum found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Plant
Lignans found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Antiyeast
Vanillin found in Root
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4470 ppm);found in Leaf (6800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Secoisolariciresinol found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Arrhythmigenic
Glycerol found in Seed (9045 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Root
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Bronchoconstrictor
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Bronchostimulant
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Alanine found in Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Glycine found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lignans found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Lycopene found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf
Mucilage found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pantothenic-acid found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Leaf (4.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Secoisolariciresinol found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Serine found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Plant
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.16 ppm);found in Leaf (13.2 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (33300 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Lignans found in Root
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Cathartic
Lignans found in Root
Cerebrophilic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cerebrostimulant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quinic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Cholesterolytic
Glyceric-acid found in Plant
Glycolic-acid found in Plant
Cholinergic
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Coagulant
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Lycopene found in Plant
Violaxanthin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Seed (25 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Root
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Glucuronic-acid found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Asparagine found in Plant
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Glyceric-acid found in Plant
Glycolic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Xylose found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Emetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Emollient
Glycerol found in Seed (9045 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (0.16 ppm);found in Leaf (13.2 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Leaf
Isoleucine found in Leaf
Leucine found in Leaf
Lysine found in Leaf
Methionine found in Leaf
Threonine found in Leaf
Valine found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Boron found in Leaf (47 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Euphoriant
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Astragalin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (20 ppm)
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
FLavor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Phosphoric-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Threonine found in Leaf
Valine found in Leaf
Vanillin found in Root
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Root
Stachyose found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Acetophenone found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Plant
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Leaf (103000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lecithin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Methionine found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Glyceric-acid found in Plant
Glycolic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Histaminic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Leaf
Glycerol found in Seed (9045 ppm)
Hypertensive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.05 ppm)
Sodium found in Leaf (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Seed (660 ppm);found in Root (700 ppm)
Hypnotic
Acetophenone found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Campesterol found in Root ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Lycopene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Root (109 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Seed (12 ppm);found in Root (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Hypotensive
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Astragalin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Seed (380 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Astragalin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant (20 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4470 ppm);found in Leaf (6800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Insecticide
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Nickel found in Leaf (2.7 ppm)
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Glycolic-acid found in Plant
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Laxative
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Lecithin found in Plant
Methionine found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.05 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.9 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Miotic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Mitotic
Zeatin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Myocontractant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Myopic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Myostimulant
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Myotonic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Nematicide
Citral found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Leaf (0.05 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Mercury found in Leaf (0.028 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Glycine found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4470 ppm);found in Leaf (6800 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Oxidant
Alanine found in Leaf
Histidine found in Leaf
Oxytocic
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Choline found in Inflorescence (4800 ppm);found in Leaf (4900 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Acetophenone found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Vanillin found in Root
Peristaltic
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Pesticide
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Acetophenone found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aluminum found in Leaf (345 ppm);found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Arsenic found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Betaine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Vanillin found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Zeatin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Iron found in Leaf (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm);found in Seed (57 ppm);found in Root (63 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Lycopene found in Plant
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (317060 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (23115 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid-malate found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Radioprotective
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Leaf (6665 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Secretogogue
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Sedative
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Sequestrant
Phosphoric-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Sialogogue
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root ;found in Seed (13500 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Soporific
Acetophenone found in Plant
Spasmogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Galactose found in Leaf ;found in Root
Maltose found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Tachycardic
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (27 ppm);found in Leaf (27 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citral found in Plant
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Flower (200 ppm);found in Plant (200 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Root ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (250 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root
Trypanocide
Citral found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (94 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm);found in Seed (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Lutein found in Seed (25 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root
Violaxanthin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Seed (25 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower (1000 ppm);found in Root (640 ppm);found in Shoot
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Folacin found in Plant
Glycine found in Leaf
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Leaf
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Leaf
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Root (36 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.2 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Leaf (2.2 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Vasoactive
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Serotonin found in Plant (200 ppm)
Vasodilator
Acetyl-choline found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Adenosine found in Root (20 ppm)
Arginine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (41900 ppm);found in Leaf (29000 ppm)
Histamine found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Flower ;found in Inflorescence
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Leaf (8600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (52 ppm);found in Leaf (52 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (37220 ppm);found in Seed (12190 ppm);found in Root (11320 ppm);found in Leaf (17500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (830 ppm);found in Leaf (6500 ppm);found in Plant (2200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (95 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm);found in Seed (19 ppm);found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Folacin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (133000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (7000 ppm);found in Shoot (6000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-isolariciresinol Plant
Root
(+)-neoolivil Root 43.5
(-)-3,4-divanillyltetrahydrofuran Root
(-)-pinoresinol Root
(-)-secoisolariciresinol Root 41.5
(10e,12z)-9-hydroxy-10,12-octadecadienoic-acid Plant
(6'palmitoyl)-beta-sitosterol-3-o-beta-glucoside Root 30
13-hydroxyoctadeca-cis-9-trans-11-dienoic-acid Root 350
2-methylhepten-(2)-on-(6) Essential Oil
24r-ethyl-5-alpha-cholestane-3-beta,6-alpha-diol Root 15
4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylpropane Root
5-hydroxytryptamine Leaf
Plant
7'(e)-4,4',7,9,9'-pentahydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-8.o,4'-lignan Root 10
7'(e)-7-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-4,4',7,9,9'pentahydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-8-o,4'-lignan Root 20
7-alpha-hydroxy-sitosterol Root 10
7-alpha-hydroxydaucosterol Root 2
7-alpha-hydroxysitosterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 5
7-beta-hydroxydaucosterol Root 2.7
7-beta-hydroxysitosterol Root 10
7-beta-hydroxysitosterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 5
9'-acetyl-glucoside Root 60
9,10,13-trihydroxyoctadec-trans-11-enoic-acid Root 342
9,12,13-trihydroxy-octadec-trans-10-enoic-acid Root 34
9,9'-biacetyl-neoolivil Root 70
9,9'-biacetyl-neoolivil-glucoside Root 100
9,9'-bisacetyl-neoolivil Root 21
9-acetyl-neoolivil Root 10
9-acetyl-neoolivil-4-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 40
Acetic-acid Plant
Acetophenone Plant
Acetyl-choline Leaf 20
Adenosine Root 20
Aesculetin Plant
Alanine Leaf
Allantoic-acid Plant
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 16 94
Seed 230 380
Aluminum Leaf 62 345
Leaf 28 138
Aps-sulfotransferase Leaf
Arabinose Root
Arginine Leaf
Plant
Arsenic Leaf 0.02 0.11
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 166 830
Leaf 200 6,500
Plant 640 2,200
Ash Leaf 84,000 200,000
Leaf 16,800 84,000
Asparagine Plant
Aspartic-acid Leaf
Astragalin Inflorescence
Plant 20
Beta-carotene Leaf 19 94
Leaf 25 300
Seed 10 25
Beta-fructofuranosidases Plant
Beta-sitosterol Flower 1,000
Root 290 640
Shoot
Beta-sitosterol-3-o-beta-glucoside Root 300 5,000
Betaine Leaf
Plant
Boron Leaf 6 47
Bromine Leaf 20 110
Butyric-acid Plant
Cadmium Leaf 0.01 0.05
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Plant
Caffeic-acid-malate Leaf
Caffeoyl-malic-acid Flower
Root
Shoot
Plant 300 16,000
Leaf
Calcium Leaf 5,940 41,900
Leaf 5,800 29,000
Campesterol Root
Shoot
Carbohydrates Leaf 396,000
Carbonic-acid Plant
Carotenoids Seed
Cellulose Leaf 103,000
Ceramides Root
Chlorine Leaf 1,800 2,700
Chlorogenic-acid Flower
Leaf
Shoot
Plant 200 5,000
Chlorophyllins Leaf 40 200
Chlorophylls Leaf 157 10,000
Choline Inflorescence 4,800
Leaf 4,900
Choline-acetyltransferase Plant
Chromium Leaf 0.18 1
Leaf 0.8 3.9
Cinnamic-acid Plant
Citral Plant
Citric-acid Plant
Cobalt Leaf 0.03 0.16
Leaf 2.6 13.2
Copper Leaf 2 15
Coumarin Plant
Daucosterol Root 109
Daucosterol-6'-o-palmitate Root 5.6
Dehydroconiferyl-alcohol Root 440
Dehydrodiconiferyl-alcohol Root
Ethyl-ketone Leaf
Fat Leaf 10,000 81,000
Leaf 4,600 23,000
Seed 231,000 382,000
Fe Leaf
Ferulic-acid Plant
Fiber(crude) Leaf 110,000
Fiber(dietary) Leaf 430,000
Flavonoids Shoot 7,000 18,000
Flavonol-glycosides Flower 2,000
Fluorine Leaf 1.4 7.8
Folacin Plant
Formic-acid Plant
Fructose Root
Fucose Leaf
Fumaric-acid Plant
Gaba Root 250
Galactinol Root
Galactose Leaf
Root
Gallic-acid Plant
Glucosamine Root 250
Glucose Leaf
Glucuronic-acid Root
Glutamate-decarboxylase Leaf
Glutamic-acid Leaf
Glyceric-acid Plant
Glycerol Seed 6,975 9,045
Glycine Leaf
Glycolic-acid Plant
Histamine Leaf 30
Histidine Leaf
Homovanillin Root
Homovanillyl-alcohol Plant
Root 20
Homovanillyl-alcohol-4'-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 30
Homovanillyl-alcohol-glucoside Plant
Iresinol Root
Iron Leaf 44 2,000
Leaf 8 42
Seed 57
Root 63
Isocitric-acid Plant
Isolaric Root
Isoleucine Leaf
Isopentenyl-adenosine Plant
Isoquercitrin Flower 100 200
Plant 200
Leaf
Shoot
Root
Inflorescence
Isorhamnetin Flower
Inflorescence
Isorhamnetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Plant 200
Isorhamnetin-3-o-glucoside Plant
Isorhamnetin-3-o-neohesperidoside Plant 150
Isorhamnetin-3-o-rutinoside Plant 50
Kaempferol Inflorescence
Plant
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-rutinoside Flower 4,000
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside Plant
Kaempferol-3-o-rutinoside Inflorescence
Plant 400
Koproporphyrin Plant
Lead Leaf 1 6
Lecithin Plant
Lectin Root
Lectins Root 1,000
Leucine Leaf
Leucotrienes Plant
Lignans Root
Linalol Plant
Linoleic-acid Root
Seed 114,235 317,060
Linolenic-acid Seed 2,080 3,440
Lutein Seed 10 25
Lutein-epoxide Leaf
Luteoxanthin Leaf
Lycopene Plant
Lysine Leaf
Lysophosphatidylcholine Plant
Root
Magnesium Fruit Juice
Leaf 860 8,600
Leaf 1,720 8,600
Malic-acid Plant
Maltose Root
Manganese Leaf 11 172
Seed 12
Root 7
Leaf 2 7.8
Mannose Leaf
Mercury Leaf 0.005 0.028
Methionine Leaf
Molybdenum Leaf 0.1 3
Mucilage Plant
Myo-inositol Root
Neoolivil Root 16.6 30
Neoolivil-4-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 40
Niacin Leaf 52
Leaf 10 52
Nickel Leaf 0.3 2.7
Nitrates Plant 15,000 30,000
Nitrogen Leaf 10,000 55,555
Octacosan-14-ol Root 1
Oleanolic-acid Flower
Root 20
Oleic-acid Seed 17,825 23,115
Olivil Plant
Oxalic-acid Plant
P-coumaric-acid Plant
Palmitic-acid Root
Seed 10,000 13,500
Pantothenic-acid Leaf 10
Pectin Root
Phenylalanine Leaf
Phenylpropanes Root
Phosphatidyl-choline Plant
Root
Phosphatidyl-ethanolamine Plant
Root
Phosphatidyl-inositol Plant
Root
Phosphoric-acid Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 894 4,470
Leaf 500 6,800
Pinoresionol Root
Polysaccharide Root
Porphyrins Leaf 10,000
Potassium Leaf 6,000 37,220
Seed 12,190
Root 11,320
Leaf 3,500 17,500
Proline Leaf
Protein Leaf 38,200 304,000
Seed 155,000 201,000
Leaf 50,400 252,000
Protoporphyrin Plant
Quercetin Inflorescence
Plant
Quercetin-3-o-glucoside Plant
Quercetin-3-o-rutinoside Plant
Quinic-acid Plant
Raffinose Root
Rhamnose Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 4 15
Leaf 0.9 4.3
Rubidium Leaf 3.2 17.8
Rutin Flower 7,000
Shoot 500 6,000
Root
Inflorescence
Leaf
Scopoletin Plant 1 10
Root 3 36
Secoisolariciresinol Root 7.7
Secoisolariciresinol-9-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 40
Secretin Plant
Selenium Leaf 0.4 2.2
Plant
Leaf 2.2
Serine Leaf
Serotonin Plant 0.2 200
Sfa Seed 10,850 14,070
Silicic-acid Plant 3,000 40,000
Silicon Leaf 1,170 33,300
Leaf 2 10.3
Sinapic-acid Leaf
Plant
Sitosterol Root
Sitosterol-beta-d-glucoside Leaf 45 76
Sitosterol-glucoside Leaf 500
Root
Sodium Leaf 10 1,400
Leaf 10 49
Seed 660
Root 700
Stachyose Root
Stearic-acid Root
Stigmast-4-en-3-one Root
Stigmasterol Root
Succinic-acid Plant
Sucrose Root
Sulfur Leaf 1,200 6,665
Tannic-acid Plant
Tannin Leaf 59,700 133,000
Tartaric-acid Plant
Thiamin Leaf 0.3 5.4
Thiamine Leaf 1 5.4
Threonic-acid Plant
Threonine Leaf
Threono-1,4-lactone Plant
Tin Leaf 27
Leaf 5.4 27
Titanium Leaf 27
Tyrosine Leaf
Ursolic-acid Root 15
Urtica-arabinogalactan-rp-5 Root
Urtica-rhamnogalacturan-rp-3 Root
Urtica-rhamnogalacturan-rp-4 Root
Urtica-terpene-diol-1 Root
Urtica-terpene-diol-2 Root
Urtica-terpene-diol-3 Root
Valine Leaf
Vanillic-acid Root
Vanillin Root
Violaxanthin Leaf
Plant
Seed 10 25
Vit-b-1 Plant 0.8
Vit-k Leaf 1.6 76
Water Leaf 800,000
Leaf 850,000 882,000
Xanthophyll-epoxide Plant
Xylose Leaf
Zeatin Leaf
Plant
Stem
Root
Zeatin-nucleotide Plant
Zeatin-o-glucoside Leaf
Stem
Root
Zinc Leaf 16 95
Root 19
Seed 19
Leaf 0.9 4.7
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]