Uncaria tomentosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
cat's-claw

Uncaria tomentosa is a woody vine found in the tropical jungles of South and Central America, which derives its name from its claw-shaped thorns. It is used as an alternative medicine in the treatment of a variety of ailments. Other common names include: hawk's claw, pot hook, and sparrowhawk nail.

Uncaria tomentosa

Economic importance of Uncaria tomentosa

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Uncaria tomentosa Uncaria tomentosa Uncaria tomentosa Uncaria tomentosa Uncaria tomentosa Uncaria tomentosa Uncaria tomentosa Uncaria tomentosa

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Trinidad and Tobago
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Bark
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Adrenergic-Blocker
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Adrenolytic
Akuammigine found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Root (300 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Bark
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Allergenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Analgesic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anesthetic
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Bark
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiaggregant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Antiallergic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Antialzheimeran
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Bark
Antiarrhythmic
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Hirsutine found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Bark
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Bark
Anticarcinogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticataract
Rutin found in Bark
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Bark
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Bark
Antidementia
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Bark
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Bark
Antiescherichic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiexcitotoxic
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Bark
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Bark
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Bark
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Antihistaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihypertensive
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Hirsutine found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiischemic
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antileishmanic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Isomitraphylline found in Leaf (25000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark (20 ppm);found in Root (3300 ppm)
Isopteropodine found in Leaf (3100 ppm);found in Stem Bark (630 ppm);found in Root (2800 ppm);found in Root Bark
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Speciophylline found in Bark ;found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark (1600 ppm);found in Root (6600 ppm)
Uncarine-f found in Leaf (2800 ppm);found in Stem Bark (630 ppm);found in Root (3100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimalarial
Akuammigine found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Root (300 ppm)
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Bark
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antinociceptive
Rutin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Antioxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Campesterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Bark
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Bark
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Bark
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Bark
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antiradicular
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Antiseptic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Rutin found in Bark
Antistaphylococcic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antisunburn
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Bark
Antithrombotic
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Pteropodine found in Bark ;found in Leaf (4800 ppm);found in Stem Bark (3000 ppm);found in Root (5600 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Bark
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Corynoxeine found in Leaf (190 ppm);found in Root (510 ppm)
Hirsuteine found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (190 ppm)
Hirsutine found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Isocorynoxeine found in Leaf (600 ppm);found in Root (950 ppm)
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Calcium-Blocker
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Cancer-Preventive
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Bark
Cardiodepressant
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Catabolic
Rutin found in Bark
Chemopreventive
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Choleretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Bark
Cytotoxic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Pteropodine found in Bark ;found in Leaf (4800 ppm);found in Stem Bark (3000 ppm);found in Root (5600 ppm);found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Dopaminergic
Hirsutine found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Fungicide
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hemostat
Rutin found in Bark
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Bark
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Campesterol found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypotensive
Dihydrocorynantheine found in Leaf (800 ppm);found in Root (710 ppm)
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Alloisopteropodine found in Root
Allopteropodine found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Isomitraphylline found in Leaf (25000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark (20 ppm);found in Root (3300 ppm)
Isopteropodine found in Leaf (3100 ppm);found in Stem Bark (630 ppm);found in Root (2800 ppm);found in Root Bark
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Insecticide
Rutin found in Bark
Insectifuge
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Bark
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Bark
Myocontractant
Hirsutine found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Bark
Myorelaxant
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Neuroparalytic
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Neuroprotective
Hirsuteine found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (190 ppm)
Hirsutine found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Bark
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Bark
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Isomitraphylline found in Leaf (25000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark (20 ppm);found in Root (3300 ppm)
Isopteropodine found in Leaf (3100 ppm);found in Stem Bark (630 ppm);found in Root (2800 ppm);found in Root Bark
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Pteropodine found in Bark ;found in Leaf (4800 ppm);found in Stem Bark (3000 ppm);found in Root (5600 ppm);found in Root Bark
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Protisticide
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Bark
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Sedative
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark
Serotonergic
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Sunscreen
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Sympatholytic
Akuammigine found in Leaf (9200 ppm);found in Root (300 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Bark
Toxic
Angustine found in Leaf
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
Hirsuteine found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (190 ppm)
Hirsutine found in Leaf (330 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm)
Isorhynchophylline found in Leaf (22200 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Root (21600 ppm)
Mitraphylline found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (500 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Rhynchophylline found in Leaf (7700 ppm);found in Root (10300 ppm);found in Root Bark
Rutin found in Bark
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root Bark (150 ppm)
Rutin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (25 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-epicatechin Bark 25
16-alpha-hydroxy-3-beta-methoxy-ursa-12,19(29)-dien-27,28-dioic-acid Root Bark 8
27-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside-quinovic-acid Root Bark 9
3-beta-6-beta-19-alpha-trihydroxy-23-oxo-urs-12-en-28-oic acid Bark 57.4
3-beta-6-beta-19-alpha-trihydroxy-urs-12-ene-23-28-dioic acid Root Bark 8
3-beta-hydroxy-3-oxo-urs-12-en-27,28-dioic-acid Root Bark
3beta,6beta,19alpha-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic-acid Bark 65
Plant
Root Bark 197 250
Bark 65
5alpha-carboxystrictosidine Plant
Root Bark 255
6-beta-19-alpha-dihydroxy-3-oxo-urs-12-en-28-oic-acid Root Bark 0.002
Akuammigine Leaf 9,200
Root 300
Alloisopteropodine Root
Allopteropodine Root
Angustine Leaf
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Campesterol Bark
Chlorogenic-acid Bark
Cinchonain-1-a Bark 25
Cinchonain-1-b Bark 65
Corynoxeine Leaf 190
Root 510
Dihydrocorynantheine Leaf 800
Root 710
Dihydrocorynantheine-n-oxide Leaf
Hirsuteine Leaf 140
Root 190
Hirsutine Leaf 330
Root 800
Hirsutine-n-oxide Leaf
Isoajmalicine Leaf 310
Isocorynoxeine Leaf 600
Root 950
Isomitraphylline Leaf 25,000
Root Bark
Stem Bark 20
Root 3,300
Isopteropodine Leaf 3,100
Stem Bark 60 630
Root 19.3 2,800
Root Bark
Isorhynchophylline Leaf 22,200
Root Bark
Root 45.5 21,600
Isorhynchophylline-n-oxide Leaf
Isorotundifoline Stem
Mitraphylline Bark
Stem Bark 30 500
Root 5,000
Root Bark
Leaf 10,900
Oleanolic-acid Plant
Root Bark 100 150
Pteropodine Bark
Leaf 4,800
Stem Bark 50 3,000
Root 5,600
Root Bark
Quinovic acid-(28-1)-beta-d-glucosyl-beta-d-glucosyl ester Bark
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-(beta-d-fucosyl)-(28-1)-beta-d-glucosyl ester Bark
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-(beta-d-gluceta-d-glucosylesterosyl-(1-3)-beta-d-fucosyl)-(28-1)-beta-d-glucosyl ester Bark
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-(beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)-beta-d-fucopyranoside) Bark 46
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-(beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)-beta-d-fucopyranosy)-(28-1)-beta-d-glucopyranosyl ester Bark 50
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-(beta-d-glucosyl-(1-3)-beta-d-fucoside) Bark
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-(beta-d-glucosyl-(1-3)-beta-d-fucosyl)-(27-1)-b Bark
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-(beta-d-quinovosyl)-(28-1)-beta-d-glucosyl ester Bark
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-beta-d-fucosyl-27-beta-d-glucosyl ester Root Bark 160
Quinovic acid-3-beta-o-beta-d-quinovosyl-27-beta-d-glucosyl ester Root Bark 150
Quinovic-acid-3-beta-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranoside Root Bark 17
Quinovic-acid-3-beta-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1,3)-glucopyranosyl Root Bark 18
Quinovic-acid-3-beta-o-beta-d-quinovopyranosyl-(1,3)-galactopyranosyl Root Bark 7
Quinovic-acid-3-beta-o-beta-d-quinovopyranosyl-(1,3)-glucopyranosyl Root Bark 7
Quinovic-acid-3beta-o-(beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(1->3)beta-d-fucopyranosyl-(27->1)beta-d-glucopyranosyl-ester Bark
Bark 20
Quinovic-acid-3beta-o-beta-d-fucopyranoside Bark
Quinovic-acid-3beta-o-beta-d-fucopyranosyl-(27->1)beta-d-glucopyranosylester Bark
Quinovic-acid-3beta-o-beta-d-quinovopyranoside Bark
Rhynchophylline Leaf 7,700
Root 23.3 10,300
Root Bark
Rhynchophylline-n-oxide Leaf
Rotundifoline Stem
Rutin Bark
Speciophylline Bark
Leaf 10,800
Root Bark
Stem Bark 80 1,600
Root 6,600
Stigmasterol Bark
Uncarine Bark
Uncarine-f Leaf 2,800
Stem Bark 30 630
Root 3,100
Plant
Root Bark
Ursolic-acid Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]