Tussilago farfara Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
coltsfoot
Tussilago farfara

Medical use

Economic importance of Tussilago farfara

Food additives flavoring
Bee plants honey production
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara Tussilago farfara

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    • China: China - Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh; Nepal; Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Faroe Islands; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Iceland
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Flower
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Flower
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Flower
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Analgesic
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Flower (0.09 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Flower
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacne
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antiaging
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Flower (370 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Antianemic
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (370 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antibacterial
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Anticanker
Iron found in Flower (370 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Flower (370 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidementia
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Fructose found in Leaf
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Xylose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Faradiol found in Flower
Glucose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Taraxasterol found in Leaf
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Flower
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihangover
Fructose found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Paraffin found in Root
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Glucose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Faradiol found in Flower
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Taraxasterol found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Leaf
Glucose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antileukemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Lutein found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Flower (370 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Cryptoxanthin found in Flower
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiophidic
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antioxidant
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Lutein found in Flower
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiproctalgic
Paraffin found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antiretroviral
Isoquercetin found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Flower
Antiseptic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Malic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antitubercular
Malic-acid found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antitumor
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Malic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antitussive
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Antiulcer
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Antiviral
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Isoquercetin found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Apoptotic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Artemicide
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Malic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Flower
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Flower
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Tussilagine found in Plant (75 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Mucilage found in Flower (69000 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillarifortificant
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Senkirkine found in Plant (75 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Cholinergic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Collagenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Colorant
Lutein found in Flower
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Contraceptive
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Counterirritant
Arnidiol found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Flower (69000 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Dye
Xylose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Emollient
Paraffin found in Root
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Estrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Expectorant
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
FLavor
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Tartaric-acid found in Flower
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Fungicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Flower
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Flower (130 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Mucilage found in Flower (69000 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Manganese found in Flower (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Insectifuge
Xanthophyll found in Flower
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Irritant
Tartaric-acid found in Flower
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Fructose found in Leaf
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Paraffin found in Root
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Lipotropic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Flower
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Malic-acid found in Flower
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Nematicide
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Perfumery
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Flower (0.09 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Isoquercetin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Xanthophyll found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Probiotic
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Iron found in Flower (370 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Flower (20 ppm)
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Flower
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Flower
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Flower
Sweetener
Fructose found in Leaf
Galactose found in Flower ;found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Lutein found in Flower
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Flower (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (1080 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (18200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
Vitamin-A-Activity
Cryptoxanthin found in Flower
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower (6000 ppm);found in Leaf (170000 ppm);found in Rhizome
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower (2800 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (3600 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-o-methyl-d-xylose Leaf
Arabinose Flower
Leaf
Arnidenediol Plant
Arnidiol Flower
Arsenic Flower 0.09
Beta-amyrin Leaf
Calcium Flower 3,670
Calendol Leaf
Choline Flower
Leaf
Copper Flower 20
Cryptoxanthin Flower
Faradiol Flower
Fructose Leaf
Galactose Flower
Leaf
Gallic-acid Flower
Glucose Flower
Leaf
Hyperin Flower
Hyperoside Flower 2,800
Inulin Flower
Root
Iron Flower 370
Isoquercetin Plant
L-fucose Leaf
Lauric-acid Leaf
Lutein Flower
Lutein-epoxide Flower
Magnesium Flower 1,080
Malic-acid Flower
Manganese Flower 25
Mucilage Flower 69,000
Leaf 82,000
Myristic-acid Leaf
N-heptacosan Flower
Palmitic-acid Leaf
Paraffin Root
Potassium Flower 18,200
Quercetin Leaf
Rhamnose Leaf
Rutin Flower 3,600
Senkirkine Plant 75
Sitosterol Leaf
Sodium Flower 130
Stearic-acid Flower
Stigmasterol Leaf
Tannin Flower 6,000
Leaf 170,000
Rhizome
Taraxanthin Flower
Taraxasterol Leaf
Tartaric-acid Flower
Tussilagine Plant 75
Uronic-acid Flower
Leaf
Violaxanthin Flower
Xanthophyll Flower
Xylose Flower
Leaf
Zinc Flower 25
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]