Turnera diffusa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
damiana Mexican-holly
Turnera diffusa

Medical use

Economic importance of Turnera diffusa

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Turks and Caicos Islands; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Brazil: Brazil - Bahia, Ceara, Minas Gerais , Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Branches (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Adenosine-Antagonist
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Analeptic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Analgesic-Synergist
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Leaf
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (11 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (88 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (88 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antiapneic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiapoptotic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Leaf (4.1 ppm);found in Leaf (4.1 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (11 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (88 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (88 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiedemic
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antiemetic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antihypotensive
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (88 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antinarcotic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Branches (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (4.1 ppm);found in Leaf (4.1 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1150 ppm);found in Leaf (1150 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (4.1 ppm);found in Leaf (4.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiotitic
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiserotonergic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (605 ppm);found in Leaf (605 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Leaf
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (605 ppm);found in Leaf (605 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1150 ppm);found in Leaf (1150 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Arrhythmigenic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Artemicide
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (605 ppm);found in Leaf (605 ppm)
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (12.9 ppm);found in Leaf (12.9 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (4.1 ppm);found in Leaf (4.1 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Carminative
Thymol found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Catabolic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Coronary-Dilator
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Culicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Deodorant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Thymol found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Diuretic
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Dye
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Branches (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (605 ppm);found in Leaf (605 ppm)
Energizer
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Thymol found in Leaf
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Leaf
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Ergotamine-Enhancer
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (12.9 ppm);found in Leaf (12.9 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Sodium found in Leaf (58 ppm);found in Leaf (58 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (5.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1150 ppm);found in Leaf (1150 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Thymol found in Leaf
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Larvicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Lypolytic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Mycoplasmistat
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1150 ppm);found in Leaf (1150 ppm)
Oxidant
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (605 ppm);found in Leaf (605 ppm)
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1.8 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (11 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Branches (60000 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (88 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Respirastimulant
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Leaf
Stimulant
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Tachycardic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (11 ppm);found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Teratogenic
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf
Thymol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Leaf (71 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (0.7 ppm);found in Leaf (0.7 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (18100 ppm);found in Leaf (18100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (109000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (2040 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Leaf (102 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (7760 ppm);found in Leaf (7760 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (983 ppm);found in Leaf (983 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (3.7 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Caffeine found in Leaf ;found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Leaf 550 1,100
5-hydroxy-7,3',4-trimethoxyflavone Leaf
Albuminoids Leaf 150,000
Alpha-copaene Leaf
Alpha-pinene Leaf 50 100
Aluminum Leaf 127 605
Leaf 605
Arbutin Leaf 1,500 7,000
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 983
Leaf 206 983
Ash Leaf 90,000
Leaf 18,900 90,000
Beta-carotene Leaf 71
Leaf 15 71
Beta-pinene Leaf 50 100
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Shoot 33
Caffeine Leaf
Shoot
Calamenene Leaf
Calcium Leaf 18,100
Leaf 3,801 18,100
Carbohydrates Leaf 738,000
Leaf 154,980 738,000
Chlorophyll Leaf 80,000
Chromium Leaf 3.1
Leaf 0.7 3.1
Cobalt Leaf 3 12.9
Leaf 12.9
Damianin Leaf 70,000
Delta-cadinene Leaf
Eo Leaf 2,100 10,000
Leaf 5,000 10,000
Fat Leaf 45,000
Leaf 9,450 45,000
Fiber Leaf 109,000
Fiber(crude) Leaf 109,000
Fiber(dietary) Leaf 330,000
Gamma-cadinene Leaf
Gonzalitosin Shoot 16
Gonzalitosin-i Branches
Gum Branches 135,000
Leaf 31,500 150,000
Hexacosan-1-ol Shoot 80
Hexacosanol-1 Branches
Iron Leaf 88
Leaf 19 88
Kilocalories Leaf
Magnesium Leaf 2,040
Leaf 428 2,040
Manganese Leaf 1.1 5.4
Leaf 5.4
N-triacontane Shoot 130
Niacin Leaf 102
Leaf 21 102
P-cymene Leaf
P-cymol Leaf 100 200
Phosphorus Leaf 1,150
Leaf 242 1,150
Potassium Leaf 7,760
Leaf 1,630 7,760
Protein Leaf 127,000
Leaf 26,670 127,000
Resin Branches 65,000
Leaf 13,650 65,000
Riboflavin Leaf
Leaf
Selenium Leaf 0.2 0.7
Leaf 0.7
Silicon Leaf 0.9 4.1
Leaf 4.1
Sodium Leaf 58
Leaf 12.2 58
Starch Branches 60,000
Leaf 10,500 50,000
Sugars Leaf 8,400 40,000
Tannin Leaf 8,400 40,000
Tannins Leaf 35,000
Tetraphyllin-b Leaf 2,550
Plant
Thiamin Leaf 1.8
Thiamine Leaf 0.4 1.8
Thymol Leaf
Tin Leaf 11
Leaf 2.3 11
Triacontane Plant
Tricosan-2-one Plant
Water Leaf 886,000
Leaf 790,000
Zinc Leaf
Leaf 0.8 3.7
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]