Tsuga canadensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Canadian hemlock eastern hemlock eastern hemlock-spruce hemlock

Tsuga canadensis, also known as eastern hemlock or Canadian hemlock, and in the French-speaking regions of Canada as Pruche du Canada, is a coniferous tree native to eastern North America. It is the state tree of Pennsylvania.

Tsuga canadensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Tsuga canadensis

Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario , Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana , Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Minnesota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama , Delaware, Georgia , Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Abortifacient
Thujone found in Branches
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Allelopathic
Piceatannol found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Allergenic
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Analgesic
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Thujone found in Branches
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
L-limonene found in Branches
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Kaempferol found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Thujone found in Branches
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Pinitol found in Branches
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Cadinene found in Branches
Pinitol found in Branches
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Piceatannol found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antimutagenic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Kaempferol found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Piceatannol found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antiradicular
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Thujone found in Branches
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antispasmodic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Thujone found in Branches
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Kaempferol found in Branches
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Antiviral
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Artemicide
Piceatannol found in Bark (10000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Cancer-Preventive
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Cerebrodepressant
Thujone found in Branches
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Convulsant
Thujone found in Branches
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Branches
Counterirritant
Thujone found in Branches
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Kaempferol found in Branches
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Emmenagogue
Thujone found in Branches
Epileptigenic
Thujone found in Branches
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Expectorant
Pinitol found in Branches
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Cadinene found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Kaempferol found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Piceatannol found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Hallucinogenic
Thujone found in Branches
Hepatoprotective
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Herbicide
Thujone found in Branches
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Branches
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Insectifuge
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Pinitol found in Branches
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Myorelaxant
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Branches
Neurotoxic
Thujone found in Branches
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Cadinene found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Thujone found in Branches
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Branches
Cadinene found in Branches
Kaempferol found in Branches
Myrcene found in Branches (120 ppm)
Piceatannol found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Pinitol found in Branches
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Thujone found in Branches
Phytoalexin
Piceatannol found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Piscicide
Piceatannol found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Branches
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Branches
Respirainhibitor
Thujone found in Branches
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Kaempferol found in Branches
Toxic
Thujone found in Branches
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Branches
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Branches
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150500 ppm);found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Root Bark (245000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Branches

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-phellandrene Branches
Betulin Bark
Leaf
Twig
Cadinene Branches
Eo Branches 4,000 4,600
Galactoglucomannan Wood
Galactoglucomannoglycan Wood
Kaempferol Branches
L-alpha-pinene Branches
L-borneol Branches
L-bornyl-acetate Branches
L-camphene Branches
L-limonene Branches
Myrcene Branches 104 120
Piceatannol Bark 8,000 10,000
Pinitol Branches
Tannin Bark 100,000 150,500
Leaf 15,000
Root Bark 245,000
Thujone Branches
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]