Tropaeolum majus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
garden nasturtium Indian cress nasturtium

Tropaeolum majus is a flowering plant in the family Tropaeolaceae, originating in the Andes from Bolivia north to Colombia. The species has become naturalized in parts of the United States. It is of cultivated, probably hybrid origin, with possible parent species including T. minus, T. moritzianum, T. peltophorum, and T. peregrinum. It is not closely related to the genus Nasturtium.

Tropaeolum majus

Medical use

Economic importance of Tropaeolum majus

Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Albuminurigenic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Allergenic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
AntiHIV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Lutein found in Flower
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antibiotic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isoquercitroside found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Flower
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (6200 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Lutein found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Lutein found in Flower
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Helenien found in Flower
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antisunburn
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Antithyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antitic
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Erucic-acid found in Seed (72000 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (6200 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (25.5 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Choleretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Helenien found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Flatulent
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Herbicide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Phosphorus found in Shoot (6200 ppm)
Insecticide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Insectifuge
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Irritant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Laxative
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Seed (72000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Nematicide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Shoot (6200 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Shoot (6.5 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Iron found in Shoot (95 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Lutein found in Flower
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Sedative
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Sunscreen
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (665 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Shoot
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (15400 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (36500 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (75 ppm)
Viristat
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Seed (9700 ppm);found in Shoot (300 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (1300 ppm);found in Leaf (4650 ppm);found in Pt (1600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Pericarp

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
11-eicosenoic-acid Seed 11,000 20,000
Ascorbic-acid Flower 1,300
Leaf 2,000 4,650
Pt 1,000 1,600
Ash Shoot 14,000 102,200
Benzyl-cyanide Shoot
Benzyl-isothiocyanate Seed 9,700
Shoot 300
Beta-carotene Shoot 90 665
Calcium Shoot 2,110 15,400
Carbohydrates Shoot 92,000 671,500
Chlorogenic-acid Pericarp
Cyanidin-sophorocoside Plant
Eo Shoot 300
Erucic-acid Seed 72,000
Fat Seed 72,000 102,000
Shoot 12,000 87,600
Fiber Shoot 5,000 36,500
Glucotropaeolin Plant
Helenien Flower
Iron Shoot 13 95
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Isoquercitroside Leaf
Kaempferol-glucoside Flower
Kilocalories Shoot 480 3,500
Lutein Flower
Niacin Shoot 10 75
Oxalic-acid Shoot
Pelargonidin-3-bioside Flower
Pelargonidin-3-sophoroside Flower
Peroxidase Leaf
Phenylacetothiohydroximate Leaf
Phosphorus Shoot 850 6,200
Phytofluene Flower
Protein Seed 262,000
Shoot 18,000 131,500
Quercetin-3-triglucoside Leaf
Riboflavin Shoot 3.5 25.5
Thiamin Shoot 0.9 6.5
Uridine-diphosphate-glucose:thiohydroximate-glucosyl-transferase Leaf
Water Shoot 863,000
Zeaxanthin Flower
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]