Tribulus terrestris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
caltrop cat's-head common dubbletjie devil's-thorn devil's-weed goat's-head puncturevine small caltrops tribulus
Tribulus terrestris

Medical use

Economic importance of Tribulus terrestris

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris Tribulus terrestris

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Gabon; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Ghana; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Saudi Arabia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Astragalin found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Anthelmintic
Harmine found in Seed
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Ruscogenin found in Plant
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiganglionic
Harmine found in Seed
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antigliomic
Protodioscin found in Shoot
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Ruscogenin found in Plant
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Chlorogenin found in Plant
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Gitogenin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Ruscogenin found in Plant
Rutin found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antimalarial
Harmine found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Campesterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Harmine found in Seed
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Ruscogenin found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Harmine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Ruscogenin found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Antistroke
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Shoot
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Harmine found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitumor
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Protodioscin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Antivaricose
Ruscogenin found in Plant
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Harmine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2500 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Harmine found in Seed
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
Bradycardic
Harmine found in Seed
CNS-Sedative
Harmine found in Seed
CNS-Stimulant
Harmine found in Seed
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Harmine found in Seed
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Shoot
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Convulsant
Harman found in Plant
Harmine found in Seed
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Harman found in Plant
Harmine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Desmutagenic
Harmine found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Euphoriant
Harmine found in Seed
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Hallucinogenic
Harmine found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Herbicide
Harman found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Campesterol found in Flower
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Daucosterol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Astragalin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Astragalin found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2500 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Harmine found in Seed
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Insecticide
Rutin found in Shoot
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Shoot
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Harman found in Plant
Harmine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Shoot
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit
Harmine found in Seed
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2500 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Shoot
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Flower
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Chlorogenin found in Plant
Harmine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Ruscogenin found in Plant
Rutin found in Shoot
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Photoactive
Harmine found in Seed
Piscicide
Chlorogenin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (92 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (28500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (13500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Shoot
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Harman found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Harman found in Plant
Tremorigenic
Harman found in Plant
Harmine found in Seed
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Vasoconstrictor
Ruscogenin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (33500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (278000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Potassium found in Leaf (28400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (420 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Shoot
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
25-d-spirosta-3,5-diene Plant
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 420
Ash Leaf 46,000 167,000
Aspartic-acid Fruit
Astragalin Plant
Beta-sitosterol Flower
Calcium Leaf 33,500
Campesterol Flower
Carbohydrates Leaf 146,000 686,000
Chlorogenin Plant
Cracillin Plant
Daucosterol Shoot
Desoxydiosgenin Shoot
Diosgenin Shoot
Diosgin Shoot
Fat Fruit 35,000 50,000
Leaf 5,000
Seed 292,000 378,000
Fiber Leaf 64,000 278,000
Gitogenin Flower
Glutamic-acid Fruit
Harman Plant
Harmine Seed
Hecogenin Shoot
Iron Leaf 92
Kaempferol Flower
Kaempferol-3-0-glucoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-0-rutinoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-beta-d-(6"p-coumaroyl)-glucoside Shoot
Linoleic-acid Fruit 19,950 28,500
Neogitogenin Flower
Neohecogenin-3-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Shoot
Oleic-acid Fruit 9,450 13,500
Oxalates Leaf 4,000
Palmitic-acid Fruit 2,800 4,000
Phosphorus Leaf 800 2,500
Potassium Leaf 28,400
Protein Leaf 54,000
Seed 385,000 462,000
Protodioscin Shoot
Quercetin Flower
Ruscogenin Plant
Rutin Shoot
Saponoside-c Plant
Stearic-acid Fruit 2,800 4,000
Stigmasterol Flower
Terrestroside Shoot
Tribuloside Leaf
Tribulosin Shoot
Water Leaf 720,000 791,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]