Thespesia populnea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bendytree corktree Indian tuliptree milo Pacific rosewood Polynesian rosewood porlia-tree portia-tree seaside mahoe Seychelles rosewood tuliptree umbrella-tree

Thespesia populnea, commonly known as the Portia Tree, is species of flowering plant in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is a small tree or arborescent shrub that has a pantropical distribution, found on coasts around the world. However, the Portia Tree is probably native only to the Old World, and may have originated in India. Its name is different in different languages in India. Nowadays, its wood is mainly used in making furniture because of its good ability to undergo carving.In Kannada this tree is called as "Buguri mara" due to the shape of its fruits. In Tamil language it is called Tamil]] பூவரசு – the wood from the tree was used by early Tamil people to make instruments in ancient Tamilakam. It is possibly indigenous to the Hawaiian Islands and elsewhere in the Pacific, but may have been spread by early Polynesians for its useful wood and bast fibres. The Portia Tree reaches a height of 6–10 m tall and a trunk diameter of 20–30 cm. It grows at elevations from sea level to 275 m in areas that receive 500–1,600 mm of annual rainfall.

Thespesia populnea

Medical use

Economic importance of Thespesia populnea

Environmental erosion control ornamental shade/shelter
Human food vegetable
Materials fiber tanin/dyestuf wod
Medicines folklore
Social religious/secular

Gallery

Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea Thespesia populnea

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Somalia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Ghana; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Guangdong, Hainan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Sri Lanka
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar; Maldives
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory , Queensland , Western Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Vanuatu

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Gossypetin found in Flower
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Flower
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Amebicide
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anaphrodisiac
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
AntiCorpus-Luteum
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Flower
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypetin found in Flower
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antibiotic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Anticancer
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiflu
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiherpetic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiimplantation
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Kaempferol-7-glucoside found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antikeratitic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antimalarial
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Saponins found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypetin found in Flower
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplasmodial
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprogesterone
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antirabies
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Antiradicular
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiseptic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antispermatogenic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitestosterone
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitrypanosomic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitumor
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Avicide
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Fungicide
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Flower
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Flower
Hypokalemic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Saponins found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Insectifuge
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Interferonogenic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Flower
Larvicide
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Flower
Libidolytic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Gossypetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Mutagenic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (2000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Nematistat
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Paralytic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypetin found in Flower
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Pigment
Gossypetin found in Flower
Herbacetin found in Flower (300 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (86400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (65000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (42800 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Toxic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Gossypol found in Flower (4000 ppm);found in Stem (14300 ppm);found in Root (12500 ppm);found in Seed (31400 ppm);found in Leaf (16600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Ceryl-alcohol Seed
Epoxyoleic-acid Seed 760
Fat Seed 190,000 200,000
Gossypetin Flower
Gossypol Flower 4,000
Stem 14,300
Root 12,500
Seed 31,400
Leaf 16,600
Herbacetin Flower 300
Kaempferol Flower 700
Kaempferol-3-monoglucoside Flower
Kaempferol-7-glucoside Flower
Linoleic-acid Seed 86,400
Myristic-acid Seed 2,000
Oleic-acid Seed 65,000
Palmitic-acid Seed 42,800
Populneol Plant 1,600
Populnin Flower 3,300
Quercetin Flower
Saponins Plant
Steaic-acid Seed 3,800
Tannins Plant
Thespesin Fruit 4,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]