Terminalia catappa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
country-almond Indian-almond Malabar-almond sea-almond tropical-almond

Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is known by the common names Bengal almond, country almond, Indian almond, Malabar almond, sea almond, and tropical almond.

Terminalia catappa

Medical use

Economic importance of Terminalia catappa

Environmental ornamental shade/shelter
Human food fruit seds
Fuels potential as fuelwod
Invertebrate food silkworms
Materials gum/resin lipids wod wraping
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Guangdong, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory , Queensland
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (14125 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (40525 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit (59800 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Adrenocorticotrophic
Chebulagic-acid found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
AntiAIDS
Punicalin found in Leaf (550 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Arjunolic-acid found in Bark
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Punicalagin found in Leaf (4812.5 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (95 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Corilagin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Seed (95 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Corilagin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (95 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Arjunolic-acid found in Bark
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (95 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Glucose found in Fruit (59800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Corilagin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit (59800 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chebulagic-acid found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Fruit (59800 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Daucosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Corilagin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Punicalagin found in Leaf (4812.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (95 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (9835 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Punicalagin found in Leaf (4812.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antitumor
Arjunolic-acid found in Bark
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Daucosterol found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit (59800 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Chebulagic-acid found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (9835 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Leucocyanidin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Arjunolic-acid found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Arjunolic-acid found in Bark
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (40525 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (40525 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Punicalin found in Leaf (550 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Punicalagin found in Leaf (4812.5 ppm)
Punicalin found in Leaf (550 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit (59800 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (730 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (40525 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Daucosterol found in Bark
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (40525 ppm)
Lypolytic
Chebulagic-acid found in Leaf (55 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit (59800 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (9835 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (40525 ppm)
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chebulagic-acid found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Punicalagin found in Leaf (4812.5 ppm)
Punicalin found in Leaf (550 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (95 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (184450 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (245000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (40525 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Sedative
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed (232440 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (14125 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (40525 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chebulagic-acid found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Corilagin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chebulagic-acid found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Corilagin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Punicalagin found in Leaf (4812.5 ppm)
Punicalin found in Leaf (550 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Toxic
Punicalagin found in Leaf (4812.5 ppm)
Punicalin found in Leaf (550 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Trypanocide
Punicalagin found in Leaf (4812.5 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (1.8 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (95000 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf (184.4 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8165 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (0 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Bark
(-)-epicatechin Bark
1-degalloyl-eugeniin Leaf 195
2,3-(4,4',5,5',6,6'-hexahydroxy-diphenoyl)-glucose Leaf 625
3,3',4-tri-o-methyl-ellagic-acid Bark
3,3'-di-o-methyl-ellagic-acid Bark
Arachidic-acid Seed 0 4,770
Arjunolic-acid Bark
Arjunolic-acid-28-o-beta-d-glucoside Bark
Ascorbic-acid Seed 0
Ash Seed 24,000 43,000
Beta-carotene Fruit 1.8
Seed 0
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Betulinic-acid Bark
Brevifolin-carboxylic-acid Fruit
Calcium Seed 320 5,100
Carbohydrates Seed 149,000 179,000
Chebulagic-acid Leaf 55
Corilagin Fruit
Leaf 500
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Fruit
Daucosterol Bark
Ellagic-acid Bark
Fruit
Fat Seed 500,000 596,000
Fatty-acids Seed Oil
Fiber Seed 18,000 95,000
Gallic-acid Fruit
Gentisic-acid Leaf
Geraniin Leaf 184.4
Glucose Fruit 59,800
Granatin-b Leaf 281.9
Iron Seed 0 95
Kaempferol Leaf
Kilocalories Seed 5,940 6,340
Leucocyanidin Bark
Linoleic-acid Seed Oil
Seed 102,600 184,450
Linolenic-acid Seed 950 1,130
Myristic-acid Seed 700 5,960
Niacin Seed 6 7
Oleanolic-acid Bark
Oleic-acid Seed 126,250 245,000
Oxalic-acid Bark
Palmitic-acid Seed Oil
Seed 156,600 232,440
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 11,850 14,125
Pentosans Fruit 251,600
Phosphorus Seed 7,890 9,835
Potassium Seed 7,840 8,165
Protein Seed 191,000 272,500
Punicalagin Leaf 4,812.5
Punicalin Leaf 550
Quercetin Leaf
Riboflavin Seed 0.8 3
Sodium Seed 700 730
Stearic-acid Seed 21,600 40,525
Tannin Bark 130,000
Fruit 60,000 200,000
Tercatain Leaf 179.4
Terflavin-a Leaf 581.3
Terflavin-b Leaf 39.4
Tergallagin Leaf 398.8
Terminalic-acid Wood
Thiamin Seed 3 7
Water Seed 27,000 60,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]