Tephrosia virginiana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
catgut goat's-rue rabbit-pea Virginia tephrosia

Tephrosia virginiana, also known as Goat-rue, Goat's Rue, Cat Gut, Rabbit Pea, and Virginia Tephrosia, is a perennial dicot in family Fabaceae. This subshrub has alternate compound leaves. Its leaves are imparipinnate, with relatively wide pinnae. All parts of the plant are pubescent giving it a silvery, hoary appearance. The terminal, compact racemes of cream and deep pink flowers bloom May to August. This plant prefers acidic soils, in part to full sun. It grows throughout the Midwest, New England and southeastern United States. Not easy to propagate, this plant can be found in sand savannas, open woods and glades, prairies and rocky soils. All tissues of this plant are toxic, and should not be eaten by people or livestock. Crushed stems were previously used as a fish poison.

Tephrosia virginiana

Medical use

Economic importance of Tephrosia virginiana

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

Acaricide
Rotenone found in Root
Antifeedant
Rotenone found in Root
Tephrosin found in Root
Antitumor
Rotenone found in Root
Bruchicide
Rotenone found in Root
Bruchidoside
Deguelin found in Root
Convulsant
Rotenone found in Root
Cytotoxic
Deguelin found in Root
Tephrosin found in Root
Ectoparasiticide
Rotenone found in Root
Insecticide
Deguelin found in Root
Rotenone found in Root
Irritant
Deguelin found in Root
Larvicide
Rotenone found in Root
Pediculicide
Rotenone found in Root
Pesticide
Deguelin found in Root
Rotenone found in Root
Tephrosin found in Root
Piscicide
Deguelin found in Root
Rotenone found in Root
Tephrosin found in Root
Pulicide
Rotenone found in Root
Scabicide
Rotenone found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Deguelin Root
Dehydrorotenone Root
Rotenone Root
Tephrosin Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]