Tagetes minuta Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Aztec marigold dwarf marigold khakibush Mexican marigold Muster John Henry southern marigold stinking-Roger wild marigold
Tagetes minuta

Medical use

Economic importance of Tagetes minuta

Food additives flavoring
Harmful organism host crop diseases
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore
Non-vertebrate poisons plant pest control wed control
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda; Zaire
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
    Adventive
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Georgia
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
    Adventive
    • Western Asia: Israel
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Thailand
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Norway; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Hungary
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sonora
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador - Loja
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
D-carvone found in Plant (325 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Quercetagetin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (395 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Terpineol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (125 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Shoot
AntiHIV
Quercetagetin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
D-carvone found in Plant (325 ppm)
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Viridiflorol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Piperitone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (4100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Alpha-terthienyl found in Flower Essent. Oil (3600 ppm);found in Root
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Essential Oil (513200 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (283500 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetagetin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (2200 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Thiophene found in Leaf ;found in Root
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Elemene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6900 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Shoot
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
D-carvone found in Plant (325 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Shoot
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (2200 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antihysteric
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antilepric
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antileukemic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antilithic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antimutagenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (125 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Quercetagetin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Terpineol found in Plant
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Antiradicular
Quercetin found in Shoot
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Alpha-terthienyl found in Flower Essent. Oil (3600 ppm);found in Root
Aromadendrene found in Plant (925 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (2200 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Thiophene found in Leaf ;found in Root
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (125 ppm)
Patuletin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Essential Oil (513200 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (283500 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (2200 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Apoptotic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Elemene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6900 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Shoot
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Shoot
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Carveol found in Essential Oil (8500 ppm)
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Calcium-Antagonist
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Shoot
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Plant (925 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Decan-1-al found in Fruit Essent. Oil (2800 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-terthienyl found in Flower Essent. Oil (3600 ppm);found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thiophene found in Leaf ;found in Root
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Candidistat
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Carminative
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Chemopreventive
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Patuletin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Terpineol found in Plant
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Diuretic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Dye
Quercetagetin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Plant
Emetic
Geraniol found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Estrogenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (125 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Plant (175 ppm)
Piperitone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (4100 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (395 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terthienyl found in Flower Essent. Oil (3600 ppm);found in Root
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Essential Oil (513200 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (283500 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Thiophene found in Leaf ;found in Root
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetagetin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Shoot
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Shoot
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Shoot
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terthienyl found in Flower Essent. Oil (3600 ppm);found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Piperitone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (4100 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Flower Essent. Oil (1700 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Alpha-terthienyl found in Flower Essent. Oil (3600 ppm);found in Root
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
D-carvone found in Plant (325 ppm)
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Ocimene found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Pyrethrin-i found in Tissue Culture
Pyrethrin-ii found in Tissue Culture
Terpineol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Piperitone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (4100 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Phellandrene found in Flower Essent. Oil (1700 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Larvicide
(5e)-ocimenone found in Plant
Alpha-terthienyl found in Flower Essent. Oil (3600 ppm);found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Shoot
Laxative
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Shoot
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (125 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Shoot
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
D-limonene found in Plant (425 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Alpha-humulene found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-myrcene found in Plant (1000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (125 ppm)
Ocimene found in Plant (1500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Plant (175 ppm)
Piperitone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (4100 ppm)
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (2200 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (1800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (395 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Terpineol found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Flower Essent. Oil (1900 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Phototoxic
Alpha-terthienyl found in Flower Essent. Oil (3600 ppm);found in Root
Thiophene found in Leaf ;found in Root
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Shoot
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (16 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Shoot
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Shoot
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (125 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil (216400 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Camphene found in Essential Oil
Phellandrene found in Flower Essent. Oil (1700 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Salicylaldehyde found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (395 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Teratogenic
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Flower Essent. Oil (5200 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Essential Oil
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (6500 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Plant
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (10300 ppm);found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil (14800 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (83000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Flower Essent. Oil (353200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (125 ppm)
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Flower Essent. Oil (100 ppm);found in Plant
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Tumor-Promoter
Phellandrene found in Flower Essent. Oil (1700 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Shoot
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Shoot
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
Ubiquiot
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Elemene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (6900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Shoot
Varroacide
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Vasodilator
Isorhamnetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Shoot
Vermicide
Carvone found in Fruit Essent. Oil (7700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (8800 ppm)
Thymol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (3600 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Essential Oil
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(5e)-ocimenone Plant
1,8-cineole Plant 47 125
2,2',2'',5'-terthiophene Flower Essent. Oil
2,3,5-trimethylfuran Fruit Essent. Oil 18,900
2,6-dimethyl-7-octen-4-one Plant 93 500
2-hexen-1-al Plant 65 175
3,7-dimethyl-oct-1-en-6-one Flower Essent. Oil 5.6
3,7-dimethyl-octa-1,7-dien-6-one Flower Essent. Oil 7
5-(3-buten-1-ynyl)-2,2'-bithienyl Plant
5-(4-chloro-3-hydroxybut-1-ynyl)-2,2-bithienyl Root
5-(but-3-en-1-ynyl-2,2'-bithienyl Plant
5-hydroxy-3,7-diemthyl-oct-1-en-6-one Flower Essent. Oil
5-isobutyl-3-methylfuran-2-carbaldehyde Essential Oil 1,000
5-methyl-2,2',2'',5'-terthiophene Flower Essent. Oil
5-methyl-alpha-terthienyl Flower Essent. Oil 2,000
Acetic-acid Essential Oil
Acetic-acid-2-methyl-butyl-ester Fruit Essent. Oil 2,300
Alpha-copaene Essential Oil 1,000
Alpha-humulene Flower Essent. Oil 4,000
Alpha-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Essential Oil 10,300
Flower Essent. Oil 100
Alpha-terpineol Plant
Alpha-terthienyl Flower Essent. Oil 3,600
Root
Alpha-thujene Essential Oil 800
Aromadendrene Plant 324 925
Beta-caryophyllene Fruit Essent. Oil 5,800
Beta-eudesmol Leaf Essent. Oil 10,000
Beta-myrcene Plant 374 1,000
Beta-phellandrene Shoot Essent. Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Beta-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Essential Oil 14,800
Beta-tagetone Shoot Essent. Oil
Borneol Essential Oil 6,500
Butyric-acid-2-methyl-ethyl-ester Fruit Essent. Oil 16,500
Camphene Essential Oil
Carveol Essential Oil 8,500
Carvone Fruit Essent. Oil 7,700
Essential Oil 8,800
Caryophyllene Flower Essent. Oil 5,200
Cinerin-i Tissue Culture
Cinerin-ii Tissue Culture
Cis-ocimene Essential Oil 513,200
Flower Essent. Oil 283,500
Cis-ocimenone Fruit Essent. Oil 91,500
Leaf Essent. Oil 321,000
Essential Oil 61,700
Flower Essent. Oil
Flower Essent. Oil 100,000
Cis-tagetenone Shoot Essent. Oil
Flower Essent. Oil 1,300 132,200
Fruit Essent. Oil 132,200 137,600
Cis-tagetone Shoot Essent. Oil 141,000
Flower Essent. Oil 70,000 271,500
Essential Oil 41,700
Leaf Essent. Oil 20,000
Fruit Essent. Oil 87,800 246,200
Citral Essential Oil
Plant
Cymene Plant
D-cadinene Flower Essent. Oil 200
D-carvone Plant 122 325
D-limonene Plant 56 425
Decan-1-al Fruit Essent. Oil 2,800
Decan-1-ol Flower Essent. Oil 800
Decan-1-ol-acetate Flower Essent. Oil 800
Delta-elemene Flower Essent. Oil 700
Dihydro-tagetone Shoot Essent. Oil 300,000
Fruit Essent. Oil 154,300 166,200
Essential Oil 77,300 990,000
Flower Essent. Oil 90,700 480,900
Leaf Essent. Oil
Dihydrocarvone Essential Oil 9,100
Dihydrotagetenone Flower Essent. Oil 44,000
Elemene Fruit Essent. Oil 6,900
Eo Shoot Essent. Oil
Plant 1,870 5,000
Eudesmol Plant 41 110
Eugenol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil
Formic-acid Essential Oil
Fumaric-acid-monomethylester Plant
Gamma-elemene Essential Oil 700
Gamma-terpinene Essential Oil 4,300
Flower Essent. Oil 100
Geraniol Plant
Germacrene-b Flower Essent. Oil 11,200
Germacrene-d Flower Essent. Oil 1,900
Globulol Flower Essent. Oil 1,200
Heptan-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil
Hexan-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil
Isorhamnetin Leaf
Jasmolin-i Tissue Culture
Jasmolin-ii Tissue Culture
L-linalool Plant 1 175
Limonene Shoot Essent. Oil 83,000
Fruit Essent. Oil 213,100 353,200
Essential Oil
Flower Essent. Oil 166,300 353,200
Leaf Essent. Oil 200,000
Linalool-monoxide Plant 93 250
Linalyl-acetate Plant 34 125
Monomethylfumarate Shoot
Ocimene Plant 280 1,500
Ocimenone Plant
Octan-1-al Fruit Essent. Oil 6,200
Octan-1-ol Fruit Essent. Oil 2,600
Flower Essent. Oil 1,900
Oleic-acid Seed Oil 16
P-cymene Flower Essent. Oil 100
Plant
Palmitic-acid Seed Oil 216,400
Patuletin Leaf
Shoot
Patuletin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Shoot
Patuletrin Plant
Shoot
Patulitrin Tissue Culture
Phellandrene Flower Essent. Oil 1,700
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Plant 65 175
Phenyl-ethyl-alcohol Plant 288 770
Phenylethanol Essential Oil
Piperitone Fruit Essent. Oil 4,100
Propionic-acid-2-methyl-ethyl-ester Fruit Essent. Oil 3,300
Pyrethrin-i Tissue Culture
Pyrethrin-ii Tissue Culture
Quercetagetin Leaf
Shoot
Quercetagetin-3-arabino-galactoside Shoot
Quercetagetin-3-arabinosyl-galactoside Leaf
Quercetagetin-7-o-beta-glucoside Leaf
Quercetagetrin Plant
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Quercetin Shoot
Quercetin-5-o-beta-d-glucoside Shoot
Sabinene Fruit Essent. Oil 2,200
Plant
Flower Essent. Oil 1,800
Leaf Essent. Oil
Salicylaldehyde Essential Oil
Plant 47 395
Spathulenol Essential Oil 20,900
Flower Essent. Oil 100
Stearic-acid Seed Oil
Syringic-acid Shoot
Syringic-acid-monomethylester Plant
Tagetone Essential Oil
Plant 288 3,000
Terpinen-4-ol Flower Essent. Oil 500
Terpineol Plant
Terpinolene Essential Oil 1,200
Thiophene Leaf
Root
Thymol Fruit Essent. Oil 3,600
Trans-beta-ocimene Shoot Essent. Oil
Fruit Essent. Oil 394,400
Leaf Essent. Oil 7,000
Trans-ocimene Essential Oil 78,000
Flower Essent. Oil 3,300
Trans-ocimenone Shoot Essent. Oil
Fruit Essent. Oil 148,300
Leaf Essent. Oil 356,000
Flower Essent. Oil 100,000
Essential Oil 57,800
Trans-tagetenone Shoot Essent. Oil
Flower Essent. Oil 5,000 132,200
Fruit Essent. Oil 132,200 137,600
Trans-tagetone Shoot Essent. Oil 63,000
Flower Essent. Oil 34,300 272,700
Essential Oil 1,300
Leaf Essent. Oil 60,000
Fruit Essent. Oil 4,900 44,900
Valereanic-acid Essential Oil
Valeric-acid Plant
Viridiflorol Flower Essent. Oil 500
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]