Tagetes erecta Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
African marigold American marigold Aztec marigold big marigold marigold saffron marigold

Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold, also called Aztec marigold, is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico and Central America. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of San Luis Potosí, Chiapas, State of México, Puebla, Sinaloa, Tlaxcala, and Veracruz. This plant reaches heights of between 50–100 cm. The Aztecs gathered the wild plant as well as cultivating it for medicinal, ceremonial and decorative purposes. It is widely cultivated commercially with many cultivars in use as ornamental plants, and for the cut-flower trade.

Tagetes erecta

Medical use

Economic importance of Tagetes erecta

Food additives coloring
Harmful organism host crop diseases
Environmental ornamental
Animal food foder
Materials tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore
Non-vertebrate poisons plant pest control
Social religious/secular

Gallery

Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta Tagetes erecta

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Gauteng, Mpumalanga
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
    Adventive
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom - England
    • Southeastern Europe: Romania; Slovenia
    Adventive
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Durango, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz, Yucatan
    Naturalized
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • Southwestern Pacific: Niue
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    • Western South America: Peru - Ucayali
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Puerto Rico
    • Mesoamerica: Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Ecuador

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetagetin found in Flower
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (61 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
AntiHIV
Quercetagetin found in Flower
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiarthritic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiatherosclerotic
Lutein found in Flower
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Alpha-terthienyl found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Ethyl-gallate found in Plant (1.3 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetagetin found in Flower
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-carotene found in Flower
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetagitrin found in Flower
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antimaculitic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antimelanomic
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Flower
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antioxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Campesterol found in Flower
Cholesterol found in Flower
Ethyl-gallate found in Plant (1.3 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (61 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetagetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiproliferant
Alpha-carotene found in Flower
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Antiradicular
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lutein found in Flower
Antiretinotic
Helenien found in Flower (7400 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Alpha-terthienyl found in Leaf
Ethyl-gallate found in Plant (1.3 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (61 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetagitrin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Flower
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Alpha-terthienyl found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Flower
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Colorant
Alpha-carotene found in Flower
Antheraxanthin found in Flower
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Helenien found in Flower (7400 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Dye
Quercetagetin found in Flower
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (61 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Alpha-terthienyl found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetagetin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Alpha-terthienyl found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Campesterol found in Flower
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Insecticide
Alpha-terthienyl found in Leaf
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Ocimene found in Plant (298 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Tagetone found in Plant (62 ppm)
Larvicide
Alpha-terthienyl found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Motor-Depressant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (61 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Flower
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
D-limonene found in Plant (380 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Perfumery
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (61 ppm)
Ocimene found in Plant (298 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Phototoxic
Alpha-terthienyl found in Leaf
Previtamin-A
Alpha-carotene found in Flower
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lutein found in Flower
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (61 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Flower
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (43 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]