Syzygium aromaticum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
clove cloves clovetree
Syzygium aromaticum

Medical use

Economic importance of Syzygium aromaticum

Food additives flavoring
Materials beads esential oils
Medicines folklore
Social smoking material

Gallery

Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium aromaticum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Moluccas

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Astragalin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Acaricide
Acetyl-eugenol found in Fruit
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Adrenergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Allelochemic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Carvone found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Fruit
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Anthelmintic
2-undecanone found in Fruit
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
AntiEBV
Geranial found in Fruit
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
AntiHIV
Casuarictin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Ellagitannin found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Maslinic-acid found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rugosin-d found in Leaf (1925 ppm)
Tellimagrandin-i found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Carvone found in Plant
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Fruit (2.4 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Geranial found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiaggregant
Acetyl-eugenol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenyl-acetate found in Fruit (56700 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Ellagitannin found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetophenone found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Biflorin found in Fruit (1022 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Geranial found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnocitrin found in Fruit (50 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antibiotic
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Prodelphinidin found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Fluoride found in Fruit (2.4 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Fenchone found in Fruit
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Xylose found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (712 ppm);found in Fruit (2455 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Maslinic-acid found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm);found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antienterococcic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiexudative
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (712 ppm);found in Fruit (2455 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Trans-anethole found in Fruit
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Biflorin found in Fruit (1022 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Rhamnocitrin found in Fruit (50 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Casuarictin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Tellimagrandin-i found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Casuarictin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugeniin found in Fruit (1640 ppm);found in Leaf (8950 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rugosin-d found in Leaf (1925 ppm)
Tellimagrandin-i found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Maslinic-acid found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (712 ppm);found in Fruit (2455 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenyl-acetate found in Fruit (56700 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferide found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Maslinic-acid found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm);found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiklebsiellic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antilipolytic
Eugeniin found in Fruit (1640 ppm);found in Leaf (8950 ppm)
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Tellimagrandin-i found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antimange
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferide found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Fluoride found in Fruit (2.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1337 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Fruit (2.4 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Antioxidant
Acetyl-eugenol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Campesterol found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Ellagitannin found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Trans-anethole found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antipellagric
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiperiodontic
Biflorin found in Fruit (1022 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Rhamnocitrin found in Fruit (50 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiperoxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antiplaque
Biflorin found in Fruit (1022 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnocitrin found in Fruit (50 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenyl-acetate found in Fruit (56700 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Fruit (2560 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Plant
Antipseudomonic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiradicular
Acetyl-eugenol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Trans-anethole found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Rugosin-d found in Leaf (1925 ppm)
Rugosin-e found in Leaf (975 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antiseptic
2-nonanone found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Biflorin found in Fruit (1022 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Furfural found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Rhamnocitrin found in Fruit (50 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Fruit (160 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenyl-acetate found in Fruit (56700 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Fruit (850 ppm);found in Leaf (1740 ppm)
Alpha-humulene-epoxide found in Essential Oil (26000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (712 ppm);found in Fruit (2455 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Ellagitannin found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rugosin-d found in Leaf (1925 ppm)
Rugosin-e found in Leaf (975 ppm)
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Antiulcer
Alpha-zingiberene found in Leaf (18 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiurease
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Fruit (160 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugeniin found in Fruit (1640 ppm);found in Leaf (8950 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Geranial found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Maslinic-acid found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rugosin-d found in Leaf (1925 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Tellimagrandin-i found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Vanillin found in Fruit
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Geranial found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1337 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferide found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Carvone found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (712 ppm);found in Fruit (2455 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant
Trans-anethole found in Fruit
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Gamma-decalactone found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Mucilage found in Plant
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Vanillin found in Fruit
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Fruit (160 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Candidistat
Carvone found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Fruit (0.7 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Crategolic-acid found in Seed (20 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Ellagitannin found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Carminative
Carvone found in Plant
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Cataractagenic
Naphthalene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (0 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Geranial found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Acetyl-eugenol found in Fruit
Choleretic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Chronotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Circulatory-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Counterirritant
Fenchone found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Culicide
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
DNA-Binder
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Deodorant
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Essential Oil
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Digestive
Crategolic-acid found in Seed (20 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Dye
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Xylose found in Essential Oil
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Emetic
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Fruit (160 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Fruit (0.7 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Geranial found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Benzyl-alcohol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Carvone found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Ethyl-benzoate found in Plant
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Plant
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fenchone found in Fruit
Furfural found in Plant
Furfuryl-alcohol found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-n-amylketone found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Trans-anethole found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Fungicide
Acetophenone found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (712 ppm);found in Fruit (2455 ppm)
Chavicol found in Fruit (510 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Furfural found in Plant
Geranial found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Vanillin found in Fruit
Fungistat
Carvone found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Glutathionigenic
Geranial found in Fruit
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Herbicide
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Hirudicide
2-undecanone found in Fruit
Histaminic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (3250 ppm)
Hypnotic
Acetophenone found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Fruit
Manganese found in Fruit (1200 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Astragalin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Hypothermic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Astragalin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Ellagitannin found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1337 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Vanillin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Inotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Carvone found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (712 ppm);found in Fruit (2455 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Furfural found in Plant
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Nickel found in Fruit (2.4 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Ellagitannin found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Irritant
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-decalactone found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Vanillin found in Fruit
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Laxative
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Monoaminergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Carvone found in Plant
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Mutagenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Nematicide
2-undecanone found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Carvone found in Plant
Chavicol found in Fruit (510 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Plant
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1337 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Perfume
Gamma-decalactone found in Fruit
Perfumery
Acetophenone found in Fruit
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Fruit (850 ppm);found in Leaf (1740 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-selinene found in Fruit
Beta-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenyl-acetate found in Fruit (56700 ppm)
Fenchone found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-n-amylketone found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Vanillin found in Fruit
Pesticide
2-nonanone found in Fruit (1 ppm)
2-undecanone found in Fruit
Acetophenone found in Fruit
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Aluminum found in Fruit (160 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Beta-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Biflorin found in Fruit (1022 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (712 ppm);found in Fruit (2455 ppm)
Casuarictin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chavicol found in Fruit (510 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Eugeniin found in Fruit (1640 ppm);found in Leaf (8950 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Furfural found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Geranial found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnocitrin found in Fruit (50 ppm)
Rugosin-d found in Leaf (1925 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Thiamin found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Vanillin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Biflorin found in Fruit (1022 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol-acetate found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Protease-Inhibitor
Maslinic-acid found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm);found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Kaempferide found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rhamnetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Ellagitannin found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Secretolytic
Fenchone found in Fruit
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzyl-alcohol found in Plant
Carvone found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Fruit (1890 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit (140 ppm)
Soporific
Acetophenone found in Fruit
Spasmogenic
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Fruit
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Sweetener
Trans-anethole found in Fruit
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Teratogenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Delta-cadinol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (16000 ppm);found in Fruit (8160 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Kaempferide found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
1,2,3,4,6-penta-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucose found in Leaf (33.7 ppm)
Eugeniin found in Fruit (1640 ppm);found in Leaf (8950 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Strictinin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Fruit
Trichomonicide
Carvone found in Plant
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenyl-acetate found in Fruit (56700 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Bark (3 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm);found in Fruit (2420 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Salicylates found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Varroacide
Benzyl-acetate found in Plant
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (9540 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (3020 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (16200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Essential Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (20000 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Vermicide
Carvone found in Plant
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Bark ;found in Stem (57000 ppm);found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil (627000 ppm);found in Fruit (200000 ppm);found in Leaf (26400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Vibriocide
Cinnamaldehyde found in Fruit (1 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (810 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil
Zinc found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
1,2,3,6-tetra-o-gallyol-beta-d-glucose found in Leaf (49.7 ppm)
Casuarictin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm)
Gemin-d found in Leaf (1175 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Procyanidin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
Rugosin-a found in Leaf (16.2 ppm)
Rugosin-d found in Leaf (1925 ppm)
Tellimagrandin-i found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tellimagrandin-ii found in Leaf
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Fruit
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit (29 ppm);found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit ;found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,2,3,4,6-penta-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf 33.7
1,2,3,6-tetra-o-gallyol-beta-d-glucose Leaf 49.7
1-beta-o-galloylpedunculagin Leaf 114.5
1-degalloyl-eugeniin Leaf 12,175
10-(alpha)-cadinol Fruit
2-3-di-o-galloyl-glucose Leaf 214.5
2-3-hexahydroxy-diphenoyl-glucose Leaf
2-heptanol Fruit
2-heptanone Plant
2-heptyl-acetate Fruit
2-heptyl-benzoate Fruit
2-nonanol Plant
2-nonanone Fruit 1
2-nonyl-acetate Fruit 1
2-undecanone Fruit
2alpha-hydroxyoleanolic-acid-methyl-ester Plant
3'-o-methyl-3-4-methylenedioxy-ellagic acid Bark
3,3',4-tri-o-methyl-ellagic-acid Bark
Fruit
3,3'-di-o-methyl-ellagic-acid Bark
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic-acid Leaf
3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol Leaf
3-methoxybenzaldehyde Fruit
4,4-dimethyltricyclo[6,3,2,0]trideca-8-ene-1-ol Essential Oil
5,7-dihydroxy-2-methylchromone-8-c-beta-d-glucopyranoside Fruit 143
5,7-dihydroxy-2-methylchromone-8-c-beta-d-glucoside Leaf 66
5,7-dihydroxy-2-methylchromone-8-c-beta-glucopyranoside Fruit 145
5-methylfuraldehyde Fruit
6-methyl-hept-5-en-2-one Fruit
Acetophenone Fruit
Acetyl-eugenol Fruit
Allo-aromadendrene Leaf
Alpha-amorphene Fruit 1
Alpha-cadinene Fruit
Alpha-cadinol Leaf 5 8
Alpha-caryophyllene Fruit
Alpha-copaene Fruit 1,890
Leaf 1,135
Alpha-cubebene Fruit 37,800
Leaf 25 305
Alpha-humulene Essential Oil 30,000
Fruit 250 850
Leaf 290 1,740
Alpha-humulene-epoxide Essential Oil 26,000
Alpha-methyl-furfuryl Fruit
Alpha-muurolene Fruit
Leaf 3.3 5.5
Alpha-terpineol Essential Oil
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Fruit 155 170
Alpha-thujene Fruit
Alpha-ylangene Fruit 245 395
Alpha-zingiberene Leaf 11 18
Aluminum Fruit 80 160
Arabinose Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid Bark 810
Astragalin Fruit
Fruit
Barium Fruit 20 30
Benzaldehyde Fruit
Benzoic acid benzyl ester Fruit
Benzoic-acid-ethyl-ester Fruit
Benzoic-acid-methyl-ester Fruit
Benzoic-acid-propyl-ester Fruit
Benzyl-acetate Plant
Benzyl-alcohol Plant
Benzyl-tiglate Plant
Beta-bourbonene Leaf
Beta-carotene Bark 2 3
Beta-caryophyllene Essential Oil 495,000
Fruit 2,230 69,365
Leaf 2,295 14,520
Beta-caryophyllene-oxide Essential Oil 45,000
Beta-muurolene Fruit
Beta-pinene Fruit
Beta-selinene Fruit
Beta-sitosterol Essential Oil 1,000
Fruit 2,420
Beta-sitosterol-glucoside Plant
Beta-terpineol Essential Oil
Biflorin Fruit 70 1,022
Boron Fruit 10 40
Cadalene Leaf 5 8
Calacorene Fruit
Leaf 13 21
Calamenene Fruit 1,265
Leaf 210
Calamenol Leaf 25 35
Calcium Fruit 6,460 9,540
Calcium-oxalate Plant
Campesterol Fruit
Campesterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Campesterol-glucoside Plant
Carbohydrates Bark 555,000 612,000
Carvone Plant
Caryophylla-3(12)-6-dien-4-ol Essential Oil
Caryophylla-3(12)-7(13)-dien-6-alpha-ol Essential Oil
Caryophylla-3(8)-13-dien-5-alpha-ol Essential Oil
Caryophylla-3-8(13)-dien-5-beta-ol Essential Oil
Caryophylla-4(12)-8(13)-dien-5-beta-ol Essential Oil
Caryophyllene Essential Oil 16,000
Fruit 7,440 8,160
Caryophyllene-oxide Essential Oil
Leaf 75 712
Fruit 2,455
Caryophylline Fruit
Casuarictin Leaf
Plant
Casuariin Leaf 9.7
Chavicol Fruit 465 510
Chromium Fruit 3 5
Cinnamaldehyde Fruit 1
Cis-isoeugenol Fruit
Cobalt Fruit 0.7
Coniferaldehyde Leaf
Stem
Copper Fruit 3 9
Cornus-tannin-2 Plant
Crataegolic acid methyl ester Fruit
Fruit
Crataegolic-acid Fruit 6 1,500
Crategolic-acid Seed 20
Cubenene Fruit
Cubenol Leaf
Cuminaldehyde Fruit
Daucosterol Fruit
Delta-cadinene Fruit
Leaf 25 160
Delta-cadinol Fruit
Leaf 8 13
Dimethyl-furfural Plant
Ellagic-acid Bark
Fruit 21
Ellagitannin Fruit 3,200
Eo Fruit 150,000 210,000
Leaf 20,000 32,000
Stem 40,000 60,000
Epoxydihydrocaryophyllene Fruit
Ethyl-benzoate Plant
Ethyl-cinnamate Plant
Ethyl-hexanoate Plant
Ethyl-octanoate Plant
Eugeniin Fruit 1,640
Leaf 8,950
Eugenine Fruit
Eugenitine Fruit
Eugenol Bark
Stem 36,000 57,000
Bulb
Essential Oil 61,000 627,000
Fruit 18,900 200,000
Leaf 7,920 26,400
Fruit
Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol-4-o-beta-d(6'-o-galloyl)-glucoside Leaf 215
Eugenol-acetate Bark
Fruit
Eugenyl-acetate Fruit 56,700
Fat Fruit 89,000 201,000
Fenchone Fruit
Fiber Fruit 95,000 100,000
Fluoride Fruit 2.4
Furaldehyde Fruit
Furfural Plant
Furfuryl-alcohol Fruit
Gallic acid 3-o-beta-d-(6'-o-galloyl)-glucoside Leaf 2.5
Gallic-acid Fruit 285 12,600
Gallotannic-acid Fruit
Gamma-cadinene Fruit
Leaf 25 160
Gamma-caryophyllene Plant
Gamma-decalactone Fruit
Gamma-muurolene Fruit
Leaf 11 18
Gemin-d Leaf 1,125 1,175
Geranial Fruit
Heptan-2-one Fruit
Hexan-1-al Fruit
Hexan-2-one Essential Oil
Fruit
Humulen-7-ol Fruit
Humulene-1,2-oxide Fruit 95
Leaf 18 90
Humulene-epoxide Fruit
Hyperoside Fruit
Iron Fruit 45 150
Isobiflorin Fruit 510
Isoeugenitene Plant
Isoeugenol Plant
Isoquercitrin Fruit
Fruit
Kaempferide Fruit
Kaempferol Fruit 29
Fruit
Ledol Leaf
Linalool Fruit 1
Linoleic-acid-methyl-ester Fruit
Magnesium Fruit 2,640 3,020
Manganese Fruit 100 1,200
Maslic-acid Fruit 1,500
Maslinic-acid Essential Oil 1,500
Fruit
Methyl-alcohol Fruit
Methyl-benzoate Plant
Methyl-chavicol Plant
Methyl-eugenol Fruit 1,890
Leaf 18 29
Methyl-furfuryl-alcohol Fruit
Methyl-n-amylketone Fruit
Methyl-n-heptyl-ketone Fruit
Methyl-octanoate Plant
Methyl-salicylate Fruit
Mucilage Plant
Myricetin Fruit 20
Leaf
Naphthalene Essential Oil 1,000
Fruit 0
Stem
Leaf
Nickel Fruit 2.4
Nonan-2-one Fruit
Octan-2-one Fruit
Oleanolic-acid Essential Oil 10,000
Fruit 35 20,000
Seed 7
Orsellinic-acid-2-o-beta-d-glucoside Seed 27
Palmitic-acid-methyl-ester Fruit
Palustrol Fruit
Leaf
Pedunculagin Leaf
Phenylethyl-acetate Fruit 1
Phosphorus Fruit 1,000 1,337
Phthalic acid dibutyl diester Essential Oil
Phytosterols Fruit 2,560
Potassium Fruit 11,020 16,200
Procyanidin Leaf
Prodelphinidin Leaf
Protein Fruit 52,000 70,000
Pterocarinin a Leaf 21.5
Quercetin Fruit
Fruit
Quercetin-3,4'-di-o-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Quercitrin-3,4'-di-o-glycoside Fruit
Resin Plant
Rhamnetin Fruit
Fruit
Rhamnocitrin Fruit 50
Riboflavin Fruit 1 2
Rugosin-a Leaf 16.2
Rugosin-d Leaf 1,925
Rugosin-e Leaf 975
Salicylates Fruit 6 60
Salicylic acid benzyl ester Fruit
Sodium Fruit 200 3,250
Stearic acid methyl ester Fruit
Stigmasterol Fruit 140
Stigmasterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Stigmasterol-glucoside Plant
Strictinin Leaf 100
Strontium Fruit 30 60
Styralyl-acetate Fruit 1
Syzyginin-a Leaf 98
Syzyginin-b Leaf 131
Tannins Fruit 100,000
Tellimagrandin-i Leaf
Plant
Tellimagrandin-ii Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol Essential Oil
Thiamin Fruit 1
Trans-anethole Fruit
Trans-isoeugenol Fruit
Valoneic acid bislactone Leaf 180
Vanillin Fruit
Water Fruit 69,000 252,000
Xylose Essential Oil
Zinc Fruit 10 30
Zonarene Fruit 1
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]