Sterculia urens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Indian-tragacanth karaya mucara
Sterculia urens

Medical use

Economic importance of Sterculia urens

Human food gum/mucilage
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens Sterculia urens

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5226 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Bark
Allelochemic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Analgesic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Anesthetic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Bark
Anticancer
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Anticataract
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antiedemic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed (4082 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antimigraine
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Antioxidant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (12090 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antipellagric
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiprostaglandin
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Antiseptic
Furfural found in Gum (123000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antispasmodic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Antiviral
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Apoptotic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Scopoletin found in Bark
CNS-Stimulant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Cancer-Preventive
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Mucilage found in Gum (750000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (12090 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Gum (31 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Bark
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (12090 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5226 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Gum (750000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Diuretic
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Gum
FLavor
Furfural found in Gum (123000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5226 ppm)
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Furfural found in Gum (123000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Herbicide
Scopoletin found in Bark
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (12090 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Mucilage found in Gum (750000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5226 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Hypotensive
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Insecticide
Furfural found in Gum (123000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Irritant
Furfural found in Gum (123000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Laxative
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (12090 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5226 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Myorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (12090 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5226 ppm)
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Furfural found in Gum (123000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Bark
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Bark
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (6292 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (173134 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5226 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46332 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5226 ppm)
Sweetener
Galactose found in Gum
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark (50 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Bark
Vasodilator
Fiber found in Gum (4100 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Gum
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark ;found in Gum (20000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Acetic-acid Gum
Alpha-cellulose Wood 239,248
Ash Gum 59,200
Beta-d-galactose Gum
Betulin Bark 50
Carbohydrates Seed 280,000
D-galactose Gum
D-galacturonic-acid Gum
D-glucuronic-acid Gum
Fat Gum 2,800
Seed 200,000 260,000
Fiber Gum 4,100
Furfural Gum 123,000
Galactose Gum
L-rhamnose Gum
Lignoceric-acid Seed 3,740 4,082
Linoleic-acid Seed 4,840 6,292
Mucilage Gum 700,000 750,000
Myristic-acid Seed 9,300 12,090
Oleic-acid Seed 133,180 173,134
Palmitic-acid Seed 35,640 46,332
Protein Gum 6,300
Seed 350,000
Rhamnose Gum
Riboflavin Gum 17 31
Scopoletin Bark
Stearic-acid Seed 4,020 5,226
Tannin Bark
Gum 20,000
Uronic-acid Gum 319,100
Water Gum 120,000 240,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]