Stachys officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
betony bishop's-wort purple betony wood betony

Stachys officinalis is commonly known as betony, purple betony, wood betony, bishopwort, or bishop's wort. The French common name is betoine, and betonie in German. It is a perennial grassland herb growing to 1 to 2 feet tall. Pliny calls the plant both betonica and vettonica, claiming that the Vettones used it as a herbal medicine. The word stachys comes from the Greek, meaning "an ear of grain," and refers to the fact that the inflorescence is often a spike.

Stachys officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Stachys officinalis

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Non-vertebrate poisons potential for wed control

Gallery

Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis Stachys officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Harpagide found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Shoot
Phenylalanine found in Shoot
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Shoot
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Plant
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Shoot
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Shoot
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Shoot
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Plant (10 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Shoot
Silicon found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Harpagide found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antibacterial
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Shoot
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Plant
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Cysteine found in Shoot
Methionine found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Plant
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Plant
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Shoot
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Shoot
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choline found in Plant
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Plant
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Shoot
Glycine found in Shoot
Leucine found in Shoot
Tyrosine found in Shoot
Valine found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Glycine found in Shoot
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Plant
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Shoot
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lysine found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Plant
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Harpagide found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Plant
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Plant
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Shoot
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Plant
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Shoot
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (1800 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cysteine found in Shoot
Histidine found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Riboflavin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
Phenylalanine found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Shoot
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Shoot
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Plant
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot
Glycine found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Shoot
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Plant
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Antishock
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antisickling
Glycine found in Shoot
Phenylalanine found in Shoot
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antistress
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cysteine found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cysteine found in Shoot
Glycine found in Shoot
Histidine found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Threonine found in Shoot
Tyrosine found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Plant
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Shoot
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (1800 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Harpagide found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Shoot
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cysteine found in Shoot
Glycine found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
Methionine found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Riboflavin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant (8 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Stachydrine found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Cysteine found in Shoot
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Shoot
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Arginine found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Shoot
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Stachydrine found in Plant
Energizer
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Plant
Essential
Histidine found in Shoot
Isoleucine found in Shoot
Leucine found in Shoot
Lysine found in Shoot
Methionine found in Shoot
Threonine found in Shoot
Valine found in Shoot
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Expectorant
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
FLavor
Threonine found in Shoot
Valine found in Shoot
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Plant
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Shoot
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Shoot
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choline found in Plant
Methionine found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Plant (3 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Shoot
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Shoot
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (19 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Plant
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Stachydrine found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lactagogue
Stachydrine found in Plant
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Laxative
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Choline found in Plant
Methionine found in Shoot
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant
Chromium found in Plant (0.9 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Shoot
Tyrosine found in Shoot
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Shoot
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Shoot
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Shoot
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (1800 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Oxidant
Alanine found in Shoot
Histidine found in Shoot
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Shoot
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Plant
Pesticide
Apigenin found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Betaine found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cysteine found in Shoot
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Shoot
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Progestational
Apigenin found in Shoot
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Iron found in Plant (10 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Shoot
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Shoot
Sedative
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Niacin found in Plant
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Plant
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Systolic-Depressant
Stachydrine found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Shoot
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Glycine found in Shoot
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Shoot
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Shoot
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Shoot
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Plant (2.8 ppm)
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Shoot
Arginine found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (16800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant (9500 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (0.8 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (5000 ppm);found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm);found in Plant (150000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Shoot

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-oxystachydrine Plant
(-)-oxystachydrine Plant
4-caffeoylquinic-acid Plant
6-o-acetyl-mioporoside Shoot 26.6
7-methoxy-tricin Shoot
Acetyl-harpagide Shoot 560
Achillein Plant
Alanine Shoot
Allobetonicoside Shoot 2,866.6
Apigenin Shoot
Arginine Shoot
Ascorbic-acid Plant 1.3 8
Ash Plant 10,080 60,000
Aspartic-acid Shoot
Beta-carotene Plant
Betaine Plant 5,000
Plant 840 5,000
Betolide Root
Betonicin Plant
Caffeic-acid Plant 5,000
Shoot
Calcium Plant 2,822 16,800
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
Shoot
Choline Plant
Chromium Plant 0.2 0.9
Cobalt Plant
Cysteine Shoot
Fat Plant 3,024 18,000
Fiber(crude) Plant 120,000
Fiber(dietary) Plant 390,000
Glutamic-acid Shoot
Glycine Shoot
Harpagide Plant
Shoot
Harpagide-acetate Shoot
Histidine Shoot
Iron Plant 2 10
Isochlorogenic-acid Shoot
Isoleucine Shoot
Leucine Shoot
Lysine Shoot
Magnesium Plant 185 1,100
Manganese Plant 3.2 19
Melittoside Fruit
Methionine Shoot
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Plant
Shoot
Niacin Plant
P-coumaric-acid Shoot
Phenylalanine Shoot
Phosphorus Plant 302 1,800
Potassium Plant 1,596 9,500
Protein Plant 11,760 70,000
Reptoside Shoot 14
Riboflavin Plant
Rosmarinic-acid Plant
Scutellarein-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Shoot
Selenium Plant 0.5 2.8
Silicon Plant 1.3 8
Sodium Plant 0.5 3
Stachydrine Plant
Tannin Plant 150,000
Plant 25,200 150,000
Thiamine Plant
Threonine Shoot
Turicine Plant
Tyrosine Shoot
Valine Shoot
Water Plant 832,000
Zinc Plant 0.1 0.8
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]