Spondias pinnata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common hog-plum
Spondias pinnata

Medical use

Gallery

Spondias pinnata Spondias pinnata Spondias pinnata Spondias pinnata Spondias pinnata Spondias pinnata Spondias pinnata

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Guangxi , Hainan, Yunnan ; Hong Kong
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Celebes, Java, Moluccas; Malaysia; Philippines
    Naturalized
    • Malesia: Indonesia
    Cultivated
    • Malesia: Indonesia
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Geraniin found in Leaf
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit (17000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Adrenocorticotrophic
Geraniin found in Leaf
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
AntiHIV
Geraniin found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (400 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit (18000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Geraniin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Fruit (400 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (400 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (18000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (17000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (18000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (17000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Galloyl-geraniin found in Leaf
Geraniin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit (18000 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (17000 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Geraniin found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (400 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit (18000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1135 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Geraniin found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Fruit
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit (17000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Galloyl-geraniin found in Leaf
Geraniin found in Leaf
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1135 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Fungicide
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit (17000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1135 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Juvabional
Geraniin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Geraniin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (18000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit (17000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit (18000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1135 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Galloyl-geraniin found in Leaf
Geraniin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.1 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (400 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit (18000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Fruit (0.61 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Geraniin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (28 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3710 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (103000 ppm)
Geraniin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (31 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2165 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (29000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Geraniin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 210 2,165
Ash Fruit 5,000 52,000
Beta-carotene Fruit 2 28
Calcium Fruit 360 3,710
Carbohydrates Fruit 55,000 567,000
Ellagitannins Leaf
Fat Fruit 30,000 309,000
Fiber Fruit 10,000 103,000
Fructose Fruit 18,000
Galloyl-geraniin Leaf
Geraniin Leaf
Glucose Fruit 17,000
Iodine Fruit 0.04 0.61
Iron Fruit 39 400
Kilocalories Fruit 218 4,810
Niacin Fruit 3 31
Phosphorus Fruit 110 1,135
Potassium Fruit
Protein Fruit 7,000 72,000
Riboflavin Fruit 0.2 2.1
Sodium Fruit
Sucrose Fruit 29,000
Thiamin Fruit 0.2 2.1
Water Fruit 903,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]