Spondias dulcis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
golden-apple Jew-plum Otaheite-apple Polynesian-plum witree yellow-plum

Spondias dulcis, known commonly as ambarella, is an equatorial or tropical tree, with edible fruit containing a fibrous pit. It is known by many other names in various regions, including kedondong in Indonesia, buah long long among the Chinese population in Singapore, pomme cythere in Trinidad and Tobago, Dominica, Guadeloupe, and Martinique, June plum in Bermuda and Jamaica, juplon in Costa Rica,golden apple in Barbados and Guyana, jobo indio in Venezuela, cajá-manga and cajarana in Brazil and São Tomé and Príncipe, quả cóc in Vietnam, manzana de oro in Dominican Republic.

Spondias dulcis

Medical use

Economic importance of Spondias dulcis

Environmental ornamental
Human food beverage base fruit vegetable
Materials wod

Gallery

Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis Spondias dulcis

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (5115 ppm);found in Seed (700 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Fruit (11 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Fruit (11 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (5115 ppm);found in Seed (700 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (1.5 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Fruit (11 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Fruit (11 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Fungicide
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Hemostat
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (75 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (1.2 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (5115 ppm);found in Seed (700 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (5115 ppm);found in Seed (700 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Fruit (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (97600 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Fruit (180 ppm);found in Seed (900 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (0.9 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (16 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4275 ppm);found in Seed (5000 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (84000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (240 ppm);found in Seed (1200 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (105 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20700 ppm);found in Seed (5800 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2750 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (200000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (1.9 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Fruit 10 11
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 360 2,750
Ash Fruit 4,000 31,000
Beta-carotene Fruit 2 16
Boron Fruit 1.9
Calcium Fruit 560 4,275
Seed 5,000
Carbohydrates Fruit 116,000 947,000
Copper Fruit 0.9
D-galactose Resin, Exudate, Sap
D-xylose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fat Fruit 1,000 8,000
Fiber Fruit 11,000 84,000
Iron Fruit 3 23
Kilocalories Fruit 460 3,510
L-arabinose Resin, Exudate, Sap
L-fucose Resin, Exudate, Sap
L-rhamnose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Magnesium Fruit 48 240
Seed 1,200
Manganese Fruit 1.2
Mono-methyl-glucuronic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Niacin Fruit 14 105
Nitrogen Fruit 16,900 17,900
Seed 6,200
Pectin Fruit 97,600
Phosphorus Fruit 670 5,115
Seed 700
Potassium Fruit 950 20,700
Seed 5,800
Protein Fruit 2,000 15,000
Riboflavin Fruit 0.2 1.5
Sodium Fruit 10 75
Sucrose Fruit 80,500 200,000
Sulfur Fruit 36 180
Seed 900
Thiamin Fruit 0.5 4
Water Fruit 596,000 869,000
Zinc Fruit 1.9
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]