Solanum dulcamara Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bitter nightshade bittersweet bittersweet nightshade climbing nightshade dulcamara woody nightshade

Solanum dulcamara, also known as bittersweet, bittersweet nightshade, bitter nightshade, blue bindweed, Amara Dulcis, climbing nightshade, fellenwort, felonwood, poisonberry, poisonflower, scarlet berry, snakeberry, trailing bittersweet, trailing nightshade, violet bloom, or woody nightshade, is a species of vine in the potato genus Solanum, family Solanaceae. It is native to Europe and Asia, and widely naturalised elsewhere, including North America, where it is an invasive problem weed.

Solanum dulcamara

Medical use

Economic importance of Solanum dulcamara

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • China: China - Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Sichuan , Xinjiang, Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

Allergenic
Atropine found in Seed
Anesthetic
Atropine found in Seed
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anhydrotic
Atropine found in Seed
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Solasodine found in Shoot
Antianoxic
Atropine found in Seed
Antiarrhythmic
Atropine found in Seed
Antiasthmatic
Atropine found in Seed
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Tissue Culture
Antibradycardic
Atropine found in Seed
Anticarcinomic
Solasodine found in Shoot
Anticholinergic
Atropine found in Seed
Anticholinesterase
Solanidine found in Fruit
Solasodine found in Shoot
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiemetic
Atropine found in Seed
Antiemphysemic
Atropine found in Seed
Antienuretic
Atropine found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Diosgenin found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Solanidine found in Fruit
Tomatidine found in Fruit
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Solasodine found in Shoot
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Atropine found in Seed
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Tissue Culture
Diosgenin found in Plant
Solasodine found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiiritic
Atropine found in Seed
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Solasodine found in Shoot
Antimuscarinic
Atropine found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Leaf
Cholesterol found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Atropine found in Seed
Antiperistaltic
Atropine found in Seed
Antiperspirant
Atropine found in Seed
Antipertussic
Atropine found in Seed
Antipolio
Atropine found in Seed
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Lycopene found in Fruit
Antirheumatic
Citrostadienol found in Seed
Cycloartenol found in Tissue Culture
Antisarcomic
Beta-solamarine found in Plant
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Plant
Antisialogogue
Atropine found in Seed
Antispasmodic
Atropine found in Seed
Antispermatogenic
Solasodine found in Shoot
Antistaphylococcic
Cycloartenol found in Tissue Culture
Antistress
Diosgenin found in Plant
Antitachycardic
Solasodine found in Shoot
Antitumor
Beta-solamarine found in Plant
Lycopene found in Fruit
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasodine found in Shoot
Tigogenin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Atropine found in Seed
Antiuveitic
Atropine found in Seed
Antivertigo
Atropine found in Seed
Antiviral
Atropine found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Atropine found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Atropine found in Seed
CNS-Stimulant
Atropine found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Choleretic
Atropine found in Seed
Colorant
Lycopene found in Fruit
Contraceptive
Solasodine found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasodine found in Shoot
Embryotoxic
Solasodine found in Shoot
Erythrocytolytic
Solamargine found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Diosgenin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Fungicide
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasodine found in Shoot
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hepatomegalic
Solasodine found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Diosgenin found in Plant
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasodine found in Shoot
Hyperpyrexic
Atropine found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Tissue Culture
Diosgenin found in Plant
Lycopene found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Insecticide
Atropine found in Seed
Solamargine found in Plant
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Plant
Membranolytic
Solamargine found in Plant
Molluscicide
Solamargine found in Plant
Mydriatic
Atropine found in Seed
Myorelaxant
Atropine found in Seed
Neurotoxic
Atropine found in Seed
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Paralytic
Atropine found in Seed
Pesticide
Atropine found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Tissue Culture
Solamargine found in Plant
Solanidine found in Fruit
Solasodine found in Shoot
Tomatidine found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Lycopene found in Fruit
Psychotomimetic
Atropine found in Seed
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Tachycardic
Atropine found in Seed
Teratogenic
Solanidine found in Fruit
Solasodine found in Shoot
Toxic
Solanidine found in Fruit
Transdermal
Atropine found in Seed
Tumorigenic
Atropine found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Tissue Culture
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Atropine found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]