Solanum carolinense Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
ball nightshade ball-nettle Carolina horse-nettle horse-nettle

Solanum carolinense, Carolina horsenettle is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout North America. The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. "Horsenettle" is also written "horse nettle" or "horse-nettle", though USDA publications usually use the one-word form. Though there are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called "the horsenettle". Other common names include radical weed, sand brier or briar, bull nettle, tread-softly, apple of Sodom, devil's tomato and wild tomato.

Solanum carolinense

Medical use

Economic importance of Solanum carolinense

Harmful organism host crop diseases
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense Solanum carolinense

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida , Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico , Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sonora

Biological activities

Antitumor
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Solasonine found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Solasonine found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Solamargine found in Plant
Erythrocytolytic
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant
Fungicide
Solamargine found in Plant
Hemolytic
Solasonine found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant
Insecticide
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant
Membranolytic
Solamargine found in Plant
Memranolytic
Solasonine found in Plant
Molluscicide
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant
Myostimulant
Solasonine found in Plant
Pesticide
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Solamargine Plant
Solasonine Plant
Solaurethine Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]