Solanum aviculare Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
kangaroo-apple

Solanum aviculare, commonly called Poroporo or Kangaroo Apple, is a soft-wooded shrub native to New Zealand and the east coast of Australia. It can grow up to 12 feet tall. The leaves are, 8–30 cm long, lobed or entire, with any lobes being 1–10 cm long. Its hermaphroditic flowers are white, mauve to blue-violet, 25–40 mm wide, and are followed by poisonous berries 10–15 mm wide, orange-red to scarlet.

Solanum aviculare

Medical use

Economic importance of Solanum aviculare

Medicines source of solasodine
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Irian Jaya; Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales , Queensland , Victoria
    • New Zealand: New Zealand

Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Antiviral
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Tissue Culture (30000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulinic-acid Tissue Culture 30,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]