Simmondsia chinensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
goatnut jojoba
Simmondsia chinensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Simmondsia chinensis

Environmental ornamental
Fuels potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol
Materials beads lipids wax
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis Simmondsia chinensis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • Western Asia: Israel
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Sonora
    Cultivated
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Western South America: Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Analgesic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (46 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antiappetant
Simmondsin found in Seed
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antibacterial
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.7 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (136 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Seed (21 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (4 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Pesticide
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Seed (46 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (10 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Seed (372 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1410 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6610 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Seed (16 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ash Seed 14,000 16,000
Calcium Seed 372
Carbohydrates Seed 246,000 291,000
Cobalt Seed 0.7
Copper Seed 10
Fat Seed 456,000 538,000
Fiber Seed 35,000 42,000
Iron Seed 46
Isorhamnetin-3,7-dirhamnoside Leaf
Isorhamnetin-3-rutinoside Leaf
Magnesium Seed 1,410
Manganese Seed 21
Narcissin Leaf
Nickel Seed 4
Potassium Seed 6,610
Protein Seed 149,000 156,000
Simmondsin Seed
Sodium Seed 136
Water Seed 43,000 46,000
Zinc Seed 16
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]