Simarouba glauca Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bitterwood dysentery-bark paradise-tree

Simarouba glauca is a species of flowering tree that is native to Florida in the United States, southern Florida, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. Common names include Paradise Tree, Aceituno, and Bitterwood. Its seeds produce an edible oil. The tree is well suited for warm, humid, tropical regions. Its cultivation depends on rainfall distribution, water holding capacity of the soil and sub-soil moisture. It is suited for temperature range of 10 to 40 °C. It can grow at elevations from sea level to 1,000 m. It grows 40 to 50 ft tall and has a span of 25 to 30 ft. It bears yellow flowers and oval elongated purple colored fleshy fruits.

Simarouba glauca

Medical use

Economic importance of Simarouba glauca

Human food potential as oil/fat
Materials wod
Medicines source of glaucarubin

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (1420 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (185220 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Amebicide
Glaucarubin found in Fruit
Glaucarubinone found in Seed
Glaucarubolone found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antifeedant
Glaucarubin found in Fruit
Glaucarubinone found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Antileukemic
Glaucarubinone found in Seed
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Antimalarial
Glaucarubin found in Fruit
Glaucarubinone found in Seed
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antioxidant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Glaucarubinone found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Glaucarubolone found in Plant
Antitumor
Glaucarubinone found in Seed
Glaucarubolone found in Plant
Antiviral
Glaucarubolone found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (185220 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (185220 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (185220 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Insecticide
Glaucarubinone found in Seed
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (185220 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Nematistat
Glaucarubolone found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (185220 ppm)
Pesticide
Glaucarubin found in Fruit
Glaucarubinone found in Seed
Glaucarubolone found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (12860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (388400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (185220 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (77380 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (1420 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (185220 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
15-hydroxyailanthone Plant
15-o-beta-d-glucopyranosylglaucarubol Plant
15-o-beta-d-glucopyranosylglaucarubolone Plant
Arachidic-acid Seed 9,240 10,085
Delta-13(18)-glaucarubin Fruit
Fat Seed 620,000 677,000
Glaucarubin Fruit
Glaucarubinone Seed
Glaucarubolone Plant
Linoleic-acid Seed 11,780 12,860
Linolenic-acid Seed 1,425 1,555
Oleic-acid Seed 355,700 388,400
Palmitic-acid Seed 70,870 77,380
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 1,300 1,420
Stearic-acid Seed 169,600 185,220
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]