Senna occidentalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
antbush coffee senna negro-coffee septicweed stinkingweed

Senna occidentalis is a pantropical plant species. Vernacular names include : ʻauʻaukoʻi in Hawaii, coffee senna, coffeeweed, Mogdad coffee, negro-coffee, senna coffee, Stephanie coffee, stinkingweed or styptic weed. The species was formerly placed in the genus Cassia. The plant is reported to be poisonous to cattle. The plant contains anthraquinones. The roots contain emodin and the seeds contain chrysarobin and N-methylmorpholine.

Senna occidentalis

Economic importance of Senna occidentalis

Environmental ornamental
Human food beverage base fruit vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Social stimulant

Gallery

Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis Senna occidentalis

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Colima, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Root
Allergenic
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Seed
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Root
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Root
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Root
Antiaggregant
Emodin found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Root
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antibacterial
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Anticancer
Tannin found in Seed
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Rhein found in Seed
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Root
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antidementia
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Root
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Seed
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Root
Antifatigue
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Antifeedant
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Root
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Root
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Root
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Root
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Seed
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Root
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Seed
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Root
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antileukemic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Root
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Seed
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Root
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Root (19000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Root
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Root
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Root
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Seed
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antioxidant
Campesterol found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Root
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Root
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Root
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Root
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Root
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiradicular
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Seed
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antisalmonella
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Root
Antiseptic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Emodin found in Root
Physcion found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Emodin found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antisprout
Emodin found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Root
Antistress
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Root
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Antitrichophytotic
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Antitumor
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Antiulcer
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Emodin found in Root
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed
Antiviral
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Astringent
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Root (19000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Physcion found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed (360000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Candidicide
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Root
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Root (19000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Root
Cathartic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Emodin found in Root
Physcion found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Chelator
Tannin found in Seed
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Cytotoxic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed (360000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Detoxicant
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Differentiator
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Diuretic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Emetic
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Estrogenic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Fungicide
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Genotoxic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Emodin found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Root
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Hemostat
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (45 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Campesterol found in Seed
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed (360000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Emodin found in Root
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Emodin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Root
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Root
Keratolytic
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Root
Laxative
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Anthraquinones found in Root (19000 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
Litholytic
Anthraquinones found in Root (19000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Root
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Mutagenic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Root
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Pesticide
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysarobin found in Seed (2500 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Emodin found in Root
Physcion found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Tannic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Pigment
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Root
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Root
Prooxidant
Iron found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (8164 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (7982 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Proteinase-Inhibitor
Rhein found in Seed
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Seed
Purgative
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Emodin found in Root
Physcion found in Root
Rhein found in Seed
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Root
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (15 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Styptic
Emodin found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Root
Termitifuge
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Chrysophanol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Toxic
Anthraquinones found in Root (19000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Tuberculostatic
Aloe-emodin found in Seed
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Seed (7450 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Magnesium found in Seed (2880 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (9560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Root
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Seed (41 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Tannin found in Seed
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Quercetin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]