Sassafras albidum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
sassafras silky sassifras white sassafras
Sassafras albidum

Medical use

Economic importance of Sassafras albidum

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine , Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa , Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Abortifacient
Apiole found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Thujone found in Root
Absorbent
Starch found in Plant
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Root
Analgesic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Reticuline found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boron found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Stem (26 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Thujone found in Root
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Root
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (1.8 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Elemicin found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Antiaging
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Leaf
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Root
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Reticuline found in Root
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Silver found in Leaf (0.204 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Anticancer
Citral found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Anticataract
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Asarone found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Elemicin found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Antidiabetic
Boldine found in Root
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Antidopaminergic
Reticuline found in Root
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Apiole found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Antielleptic
Asarone found in Root
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Elemicin found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Isoboldine found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Antihistaminic
Citral found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Root
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Antilepric
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf (8.9 ppm)
Apiole found in Root
Beta-selinene found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Antimanic
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Root
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Root
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Apiole found in Root
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Root
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Isoboldine found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Stem (26 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Stem (26 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3264 ppm);found in Stem (1776 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Antioxidant
Anethole found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Camphene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf (8.9 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caryophyllene found in Root
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antipyretic
Apiole found in Root
Asarone found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Antiradicular
Anethole found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antireproductive
Apiole found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Aromadendrene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Root
Antishock
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Apiole found in Root
Asarone found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Reticuline found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Root
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Root
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3264 ppm);found in Stem (1776 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Root
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Astringent
Silver found in Leaf (0.204 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Leaf
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Asarone found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Seed
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Apiole found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Boldine found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Aromadendrene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Mucilage found in Root
Myristicin found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Asarone found in Root
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Stem (0.56 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Root
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Copaene found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Cerebrodepressant
Thujone found in Root
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Chemopreventive
Boldine found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Boldine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Boldine found in Root
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Reticuline found in Root
Thujone found in Root
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Root
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Anethole found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Digestive
Anethole found in Root
Diuretic
Apiole found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Dopamine-Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Isoboldine found in Root
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Asarone found in Root
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Emmenagogue
Apiole found in Root
Thujone found in Root
Emollient
Starch found in Plant
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Root
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Stem (0.56 ppm)
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boron found in Leaf (48 ppm);found in Stem (26 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root
Camphene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Anethole found in Root
Asarone found in Root
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Elemicin found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Isoboldine found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Reticuline found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Root
Myristicin found in Root
Thujone found in Root
Hepatocarcinogenic
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Root
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Root
Apiole found in Root
Myristicin found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Hydrogen-Peroxide-Inhibitor
Boldine found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Root
Reticuline found in Root
Hypnotic
Boldine found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Mucilage found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (680 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Elemicin found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Hypothalmic-Depressant
Asarone found in Root
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Boldine found in Root
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Root
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3264 ppm);found in Stem (1776 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Insecticide-Synergist
Myristicin found in Root
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Apiole found in Root
Elemicin found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Elemicin found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (1.8 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Intoxicant
Apiole found in Root
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Apiole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Root
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Root
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Root
Elemicin found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Root
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Myristicin found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (2.04 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Root
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Mutagenic
Anethole found in Root
Asarone found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Asarone found in Root
Boldine found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Boldine found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Neuroleptic
Boldine found in Root
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Elemicin found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Myristicin found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3264 ppm);found in Stem (1776 ppm)
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Root
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Root
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf (8.4 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Alpha-selinene found in Leaf (8.9 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (6.1 ppm);found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (1360 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Apiole found in Root
Aromadendrene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Asarone found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Camphene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Elemicin found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Leaf (7.2 ppm)
Isoboldine found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (5.4 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Reticuline found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Silver found in Leaf (0.204 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Leaf (7.2 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Plant
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (1020 ppm);found in Stem (740 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Boldine found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Leaf
Psychoactive
Asarone found in Root
Myristicin found in Root
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Pyrogenic
Reticuline found in Root
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thujone found in Root
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Root
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (102 ppm);found in Stem (56 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Anethole found in Root
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Root
Apiole found in Root
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Asarone found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Myristicin found in Root
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Root
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Root
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Root
Synergist
Apiole found in Root
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Root
Teratogenic
Boldine found in Root
Citral found in Leaf
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Root
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Toxic
Thujone found in Root
Vanadium found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Stem (2.59 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Asarone found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (2.4 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (32 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Root (81000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Citral found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Root
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Root
Trypanocide
Citral found in Leaf
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Root
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf (87 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root
Uricosuric
Boldine found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Uterotonic
Apiole found in Root
Myristicin found in Root
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Root
Vasoconstrictor
Boldine found in Root
Vasodilator
Apiole found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (17680 ppm);found in Stem (10360 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (6800 ppm);found in Stem (4760 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (21760 ppm);found in Stem (12580 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Root
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Vulnerary
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (136 ppm);found in Stem (111 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-beta-ocimene Leaf 9.4 21
(e,z)-alpha-farnesene Leaf 14 15
(z)-beta-ocimene Leaf 2.6 8
(z)-nerolidol Leaf 40 85
1,6-germacradien-5-ol Leaf 0.2 10
1,8-cineole Leaf 0 1.6
4-allyl-1,2-(methylenedioxy)-benzene Plant
5-methoxyeugenol Root
6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one Leaf 0
Alkaloids Root 200
Allo-aromadendrene Leaf 0
Alpha-copaene Leaf 0
Alpha-humulene Leaf 0 8.4
Alpha-phellandrene Leaf 1 6.1
Root
Alpha-pinene Leaf 0.1 5
Root 1,000 2,000
Alpha-selinene Leaf 0 8.9
Alpha-terpinene Leaf 0
Aluminum Leaf 50 1,360
Stem 6 740
Anethole Root
Apiole Root
Aromadendrene Leaf 0
Asarone Root
Ash Leaf 33,000 68,000
Seed 24,000 26,000
Stem 11,000 37,000
Barium Leaf 10 204
Stem 6 370
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf 30 90
Beta-phellandrene Leaf 0
Root
Beta-pinene Leaf 0.06 2.4
Beta-selinene Leaf 0 11
Beta-sitosterol Root
Boldine Root
Boron Leaf 2 48
Stem 1 26
Calcium Leaf 2,607 17,680
Stem 913 10,360
Camphene Leaf 0
Camphor Leaf 0
Capric-acid Seed
Caprylic-acid Seed
Caryophyllene Root
Chromium Leaf 0.99 2.04
Stem 0 2.59
Cinnamolaurine Root
Citral Leaf
Cobalt Stem 0 0.56
Coniferaldehyde Root
Copaene Root
Copper Leaf 1.6 102
Stem 0.2 56
D-2,3-dihydroxy-1-(3,4-methylendioxyphenyl)-propane Root
D-camphor Root 600 1,200
D-sesamin Root
Delta-cadinene Leaf 0.2 12
Desmethoxy-aschantin Root
Elemicin Root
Eo Leaf 150 330
Root 10,000 90,000
Eugenol Root
Fat Seed 119,000 604,000
Gallium Leaf 0 0.34
Gamma-cadinene Leaf 0.3 5
Gamma-terpinene Leaf 0
Germacrene-d Leaf 0.2 7.2
Iron Leaf 33 1,020
Stem 3 740
Isoboldine Root
L-menthone Root
Lauric-acid Seed
Lead Leaf 1 34
Stem 0.1 37
Limonene Leaf 16 32
Linalool Leaf 27 87
Linoleic-acid Seed
Magnesium Leaf 990 6,800
Stem 77 4,760
Manganese Leaf 23 1,020
Stem 5 680
Methyl-decanoate Leaf 0
Molybdenum Leaf 0 0.48
Stem 0 0.74
Mucilage Root
Myrcene Leaf 0 5.4
Myristicin Root
Nickel Leaf 0.23 3.4
Stem 0.08 1.8
Norboldine Root
Norcinnamolaurine Root
Oleic-acid Seed
P-cymene Leaf 0
Phellandrene Root
Phlobaphen Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 396 3,264
Stem 132 1,776
Piperonylacrolein Root
Potassium Leaf 3,960 21,760
Stem 1,430 12,580
Protein Seed 62,000 23,800
Resin Root
Reticuline Root
Sabinene Leaf 0 0.3
Safrene Root
Safrole Leaf 0
Root 8,000 81,000
Scandium Leaf 0 0.68
Stem 0 0.11
Silver Leaf 0 0.204
Starch Plant
Strontium Leaf 2 680
Stem 3 370
Tannin Root
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf 0
Terpinolene Leaf 0 0.6
Thujone Root
Titanium Leaf 1 102
Stem 0.16 74
Tungsten Leaf 1 3.4
Vanadium Leaf 0.16 3.4
Stem 0.05 2.59
Zinc Leaf 10 136
Stem 4 111
Zirconium Leaf 0.66 10.2
Stem 0.2 5.5
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]