Santalum album Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
East Indian sandalwood sandalwood white sandalwood white saunders yellow sandalwood yellow saunders

Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. Certain cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. The high value of the species has caused its past exploitation, to the point where the wild population is vulnerable to extinction. Indian sandalwood still commands high prices for its essential oil, but due to lack of sizable trees it is no longer used for fine woodworking as before. The plant is widely cultivated and long lived, although harvest is viable after 40 years. Etymologically it is derived from Sanskrit Chandanam > Sandanam > Sandalum > Sandal.

Santalum album

Medical use

Economic importance of Santalum album

Food additives flavoring
Materials beads esential oils wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Santalum album Santalum album Santalum album Santalum album Santalum album Santalum album Santalum album

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Acaricide
Eugenol found in Wood
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Allelochemic
Borneol found in Wood
O-cresol found in Wood
P-cresol found in Wood
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Allergenic
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Santalol found in Root (95900 ppm);found in Wood (61250 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Analgesic
Borneol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Anesthetic
Eugenol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Wood
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Wood
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Wood
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Fruit
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Wood
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antibacterial
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Wood
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Wood
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antidermatitic
Guaiacol found in Wood
Antidiabetic
Fructose found in Fruit
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Wood
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Wood
Antieczemic
Guaiacol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiedemic
4-vinyl-guaiacol found in Wood
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Wood
Glucose found in Fruit
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Wood
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Wood
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Wood
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Borneol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Wood
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antihangover
Fructose found in Fruit
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Wood
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Fruit
Tannin found in Wood
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Wood
Lysine found in Fruit
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Fruit
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Wood
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Wood
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Wood
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Wood
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Wood
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Wood
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Wood
O-cresol found in Wood
P-cresol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Wood
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Wood
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Wood
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Wood
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Wood
Sucrose found in Fruit
Tannin found in Wood
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Antiprostaglandin
4-vinyl-guaiacol found in Wood
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Wood
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Wood
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Borneol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Wood
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Wood
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Antiseptic
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
O-cresol found in Wood
P-cresol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Fruit
Antisinusitic
Phenol found in Wood
Antispasmodic
Borneol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Antispastic
Phenol found in Wood
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Antistreptococcic
Citronellol found in Wood
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Wood
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Wood
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Wood
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Wood
Antitumor
Alpha-curcumene found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Antiulcer
Eugenol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Wood
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Wood
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Wood
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Wood
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Bacteristat
Isoeugenol found in Wood
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Wood
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Wood
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Wood
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Wood
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
O-cresol found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
P-cresol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Serine found in Fruit
Tannin found in Wood
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Candidistat
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Cardiodepressant
Guaiacol found in Wood
Cardiotonic
Guaiacol found in Wood
Carminative
Eugenol found in Wood
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Chelator
Tannin found in Wood
Choleretic
Borneol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Fruit
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Wood
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Wood
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Fruit
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Wood
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Diuretic
Asparagine found in Fruit
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Wood
Emetic
Geraniol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Wood
Essential
Lysine found in Fruit
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Expectorant
Geraniol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
FLavor
Alpha-santalol found in Wood
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Beta-santalol found in Wood
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Isovaleraldehyde found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
P-cresol found in Wood
P-methyl-acetophenone found in Wood
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Fungicide
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Fungistat
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Wood
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Wood
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Borneol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Wood
Herbicide
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Hypotriglyceridemic
Alpha-curcumene found in Wood
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Wood
Inhalant
Borneol found in Wood
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Wood
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Insectifuge
Borneol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Insectiphile
Geraniol found in Wood
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Irritant
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Wood
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Wood
Laxative
Fructose found in Fruit
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Wood
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Wood
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Wood
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Wood
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Wood
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Wood
Oxidant
Alanine found in Fruit
Parasiticide
P-cresol found in Wood
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Perfumery
Alpha-santalol found in Wood
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Beta-santalene found in Wood
Beta-santalol found in Wood
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
P-methyl-acetophenone found in Wood
Pesticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
O-cresol found in Wood
P-cresol found in Wood
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Phenol found in Wood
Tannin found in Wood
Preservative
Sucrose found in Fruit
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
4-vinyl-guaiacol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Wood
Rodenticide
O-cresol found in Wood
P-cresol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Borneol found in Wood
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Wood
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Guaiacol found in Wood
Trichomonicide
Citronellol found in Wood
Eugenol found in Wood
Geraniol found in Wood
Santalol found in Root (95900 ppm);found in Wood (61250 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Wood
Isoeugenol found in Wood
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Wood
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Eugenol found in Wood
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Wood
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Wood
Phenol found in Wood
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Wood
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Wood
Sucrose found in Fruit
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Wood

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-5-(2,3-dimethyl-3-nortricycyl)-pent-3-en-2-one Wood
(e)-alpha-santalal Wood
(e)-beta-santalal Wood
1-allohydroxyproline Fruit
1-furfuryl-pyrrole Wood
1-methoxy-4-allyl-guaiacol Wood
11-methyl-7-oxa-tetracyclododecane Plant
2-methyl-3-methylenenorbornan-2-ol Plant
4-(p-tolyl)-valeraldehyde Wood
4-ethyl-guaiacol Wood
4-methyl-cyclohex-3-en-1-yl-methyl-ketone Wood
4-methyl-cyclohexa-1,3-dien-1-yl-methyl-ketone Wood
4-methyl-guaiacol Wood
4-vinyl-guaiacol Wood
4-vinyl-phenol Wood
5,6-dimethyl-5-norbornen-exo-2-ol Wood
Alanine Fruit
Alpha-curcumene Wood
Alpha-santalene Wood
Alpha-santalic-acid Wood
Alpha-santalol Wood
Alpha-terpineol Wood
Asparagine Fruit
Beta-curcumene Wood
Beta-farnesene Wood
Beta-santalene Wood
Beta-santalic-acid Wood
Beta-santalol Wood
Beta-sitosterol Fruit
Betulic-acid Fruit
Borneol Wood
Citronellol Wood
D-10-hydroxy-palmitone Wax
Endo-2-endo-3-dimethyl-norbornan-exo-2-ol Wood
Endo-2-methyl-3-methylidene-norbornan-exo-2-ol Wood
Eo Root 100,000
Wood 15,000 62,500
Epi-beta-santalene Wood
Eugenol Wood
Exo-norbicycloekasantalal Plant
Fat Seed 500,000 600,000
Fructose Fruit
Gamma-santalic-acid Wood
Geraniol Wood
Glucose Fruit
Guaiacol Wood
Isoeugenol Wood
Isovaleraldehyde Wood
L-santenone Wood
Lactone Wood
Linoleic-acid Fruit
Lysine Fruit
N-octacosanol Wax
N-triacontanol Wax
Nortricycloekasantalal Wood
Nortricycloekasantalene Wood
Nortricycloekasantalic-acid Wood
Nortricycloekasantalol Wood
O-cresol Wood
Octadec-11-en-9yn-acid Fruit
Oleic-acid Fruit
P-cresol Wood
P-methyl-acetophenone Wood
Palmitic-acid Fruit
Palmitone Wax 440,000
Phenol Wood
Proline Fruit
Resin Wood 50,000 80,000
Santalal Wood
Santalbic-acid Seed
Santalol Root 95,900
Wood 13,500 61,250
Santalone Wood
Santene Wood
Santenol Wood
Serine Fruit
Stearolic-acid Seed
Sucrose Fruit
Tannin Wood
Teresantalal Wood
Teresantalic-acid Wood
Teresantalol Wood
Teresantanol Wood
Tricycloekasantalic-acid Wood
Tricycloekasantalol Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]