Sanguisorba officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
burnet bloodwort great burnet salad burnet sanguisorba

Sanguisorba officinalis is a plant in the family Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae. It is native throughout the cooler regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, northern Asia, and northern North America. It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1 m tall, which occurs in grasslands, growing well on grassy banks. It flowers June or July. Sanguisorba officinalis is an important food plant for the European large blue butterflies Maculinea nausithous and M. teleius.

Sanguisorba officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Sanguisorba officinalis

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis Sanguisorba officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Estonia; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, Washington
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Sanguiin-h-6 found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Candidicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pesticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Stem (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (170000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Sanguiin-h-6 found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Sanguiin-h-2 found in Plant
Sanguiin-h-6 found in Plant
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Sanguiin-h-6 found in Plant
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Plant
(+)-gallocatechin Plant
19-dehydroursolic-acid Plant
Betulinic-acid Stem 1,100
Catechol-tanins Root 170,000
Cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside Flower
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Plant
Ellagitannins Plant
Fat Seed 135,000
Kaempferol Plant
Methyl-glucoside-gallates Plant
Pomolic-acid Plant
Protein Seed 128,000
Quercetin Plant
Sanguiin-h-1 Plant
Sanguiin-h-2 Plant
Sanguiin-h-6 Plant
Sanguisorbic-acid-dilactone Root
Sanguisorbigenin Root
Sanguisorbin Plant 25,000 40,000
Sanguisorbine-a Plant
Sanguisorbine-b Plant
Sanguisorbine-e Plant
Sugar Root 9,000
Tannin Plant 170,000
Tomentoslic-acid Plant
Ursolic-acid Plant
Waremokonin Plant
Ziyuglycoside-i Plant
Ziyuglycoside-ii Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]