Sambucus canadensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American elder American elderberry Canadian elder elderberry Florida elder Mexican elder sweet elder

Sambucus canadensis is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, and south through eastern Mexico and Central America to Panama. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry soils, primarily in sunny locations.

Sambucus canadensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Sambucus canadensis

Food additives flavoring flavoring
Environmental ornamental ornamental
Human food beverage base fruit beverage base fruit
Medicines folklore folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals mamals

Gallery

Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario , Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine , Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska , North Dakota , Oklahoma, South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama , Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia , Kentucky, Louisiana , Maryland, Mississippi , North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Central America

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (8960 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Seed
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (1980 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Fruit
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Seed
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiacid
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (79 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Plant (1287 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Antianemic
Alpha-amyrin-palmitate found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Iron found in Plant (79 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-amyrin-palmitate found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (79 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Seed
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant (79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-amyrin-palmitate found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (1980 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Seed
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Seed
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit (2970 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (2524 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (1634 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (4752 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-amyrin-palmitate found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Alpha-amyrin-palmitate found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-amyrin-palmitate found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Lysine found in Plant (1287 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (4752 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin-palmitate found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Seed
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (4752 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (79 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (2871 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
N-nonacosane found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (2036 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (1485 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Campesterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Histidine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (1980 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (2524 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Fruit (1336 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (2524 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipolio
Cyanin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (4752 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Seed
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (4752 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (1980 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Threonine found in Fruit (1336 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (2524 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cyanin found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (1980 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (4752 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (2036 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Fruit
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Fruit
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Fruit (1485 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Fruit (2524 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Seed
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Seed
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (8960 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Fruit
Diuretic
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Emetic
Cyanin found in Fruit
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Fruit (1336 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit (2970 ppm)
Lysine found in Plant (1287 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit (1336 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (1634 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (8960 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit (1336 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (1634 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Fungicide
Quercetin found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Seed
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Plant (1287 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (8960 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (2036 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Seed
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Insecticide
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (8960 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Seed
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Fruit
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (1980 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (2524 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (2871 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (4752 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Seed
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (2036 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (1485 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (742 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Fruit
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (8960 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cyanin found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tannin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Pigment
Cyanin found in Fruit
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Fruit
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (79 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (169600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (8960 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Protisticide
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Seed
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Fruit
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (2871 ppm)
Sedative
Beta-amyrin-palmitate found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18560 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (8960 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (1980 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Fruit (559 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Fruit (693 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Fruit (2326 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1881 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (346000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (25 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (14356 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1782 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Seed
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Flower (52000 ppm);found in Leaf (38000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Fruit 300 1,485
Alpha-amyrin-palmitate Leaf
Plant
Arachidic-acid Seed 1,206 1,920
Arginine Fruit 470 2,326
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 360 1,782
Ash Fruit 6,150 32,918
Aspartic-acid Fruit 580 2,871
Balanophorin Leaf
Baldrianic-acid Bark
Beta-amyrin-palmitate Plant
Beta-carotene Fruit 4 18
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Plant
Calcium Fruit 380 1,881
Campesterol Leaf
Plant
Carbohydrates Fruit 184,000 910,800
Chrysanthemin Fruit
Cyanidin-3,5-di-o-beta-d-diglucoside-p-coumarate Fruit
Cyanidin-3-o-(6-o-cis-p-coumaroyl-2-o-beta-d-xylopyranosyl)-beta-d-glucopyranoside-5-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Fruit 70
Cyanidin-3-o-(6-o-trans-p-coumaroyl-2-o-beta-d-xylopyranosyl)-beta-d-glucopyranoside Fruit 80
Cyanidin-3-o-beta-d-xyloglucoside-5-glucoside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-sambubioside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-sambubioside-5-glucoside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-xyloglucoside-5-glucoside-p-coumarate Fruit
Cyanin Fruit
Cystine Fruit 150 742
Fat Fruit 5,000 24,750
Seed 201,000 320,000
Fiber Fruit 70,000 346,000
Glutamic-acid Fruit 960 4,752
Glycine Fruit 360 1,782
Histidine Fruit 150 742
Iron Plant 16 79
Isoleucine Fruit 270 1,336
Leucine Fruit 600 2,970
Linoleic-acid Seed 106,530 169,600
Linolenic-acid Seed 68,340 108,800
Lysine Plant 260 1,287
Methionine Fruit 140 693
Morroniside Shoot 500 1,000
Mucilage Seed
N-nonacosane Leaf
Niacin Fruit 5 25
Oleanolic-acid Leaf
Oleic-acid Seed 8,040 12,800
Palmitic-acid Seed 11,658 18,560
Pantothenic-acid Fruit 1 7
Phenylalanine Fruit 400 1,980
Phosphorus Fruit 369 2,036
Potassium Fruit 2,699 14,356
Proline Fruit 250 1,238
Protein Fruit 6,180 24,750
Seed 106,000
Quercetin Fruit
Resin Seed
Riboflavin Fruit 1 3
Rubber Plant 12,700
Rutin Flower 7,700 52,000
Leaf 35,000 38,000
Stearic-acid Seed 5,628 8,960
Stigmasterol Leaf
Plant
Tannin Seed
Thiamin Fruit 1 3
Threonine Fruit 270 1,336
Tryptophan Fruit 130 559
Tyrosine Fruit 510 2,524
Valine Fruit 330 1,634
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]