Salvia officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
sage

Salvia officinalis is a perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers. It is a member of the family Lamiaceae and is native to the Mediterranean region, though it has naturalized in many places throughout the world. It has a long history of medicinal and culinary use, and in modern times as an ornamental garden plant. The common name "sage" is also used for a number of related and unrelated species.

Salvia officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Salvia officinalis

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Alpha-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (363300 ppm);found in Et (206000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (408500 ppm);found in Leaf (10172 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (356000 ppm);found in Leaf (9968 ppm);found in Et (151000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (142500 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chrysoeriol found in Plant
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Cirsiliol found in Plant
Cynaroside found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (14 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Nepetin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (112 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (60700 ppm);found in Et (47000 ppm);found in Leaf (18592 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Boron found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (6048 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Sabinol found in Leaf (476 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Carnosolic-acid found in Leaf (2100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Maslinic-acid found in Leaf (46 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Pomolic-acid found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Viridiflorol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antiacid
Glycine found in Plant
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (14 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (8 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Farnesol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (305 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Catechin found in Plant
Glutamine found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (305 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antibacillus
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (363300 ppm);found in Et (206000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (408500 ppm);found in Leaf (10172 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Beta-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (356000 ppm);found in Leaf (9968 ppm);found in Et (151000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (142500 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (14 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Genkwanin found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Malic-acid found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Salvin found in Plant
Salvin-monomethyl-ether found in Leaf
Salviol found in Essential Oil
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (8 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antibiotic
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (305 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Nepetin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (305 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Chrysoeriol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Diosmetin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Glutamine found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil (13100 ppm);found in Plant (308 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Maslinic-acid found in Leaf (46 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Glycine found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Catechin found in Plant
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Shoot
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
3-isothujone found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil (13100 ppm);found in Plant (308 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (112 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant
Pectin found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Plant
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Carnosolic-acid found in Leaf (2100 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rosmanol found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap ;found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Shoot (784 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3800 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Maslinic-acid found in Leaf (46 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Catechin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil (13100 ppm);found in Plant (308 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Maslinic-acid found in Leaf (46 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Cirsiliol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Carnosolic-acid found in Leaf (2100 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Rosmanol found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap ;found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antilisteria
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antimalarial
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (17900 ppm)
Myrtenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Trans-pinocarveol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (305 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Pectin found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (57000 ppm);found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chrysoeriol found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (112 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (41 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1280 ppm);found in Leaf (1280 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiosteotic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Campesterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (60700 ppm);found in Et (47000 ppm);found in Leaf (18592 ppm)
Carnosic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (57000 ppm);found in Shoot (35 ppm)
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Carnosolic-acid found in Leaf (2100 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Cholesterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Chrysoeriol found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Isorosmanol found in Shoot (57 ppm)
Labiatic-acid found in Leaf
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (6048 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Rosmadial found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (6000 ppm)
Rosmanol found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap ;found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Rosmanol-9-ethyl-ether found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (112 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Uvaol found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Plant
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Catechin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (17900 ppm)
Myrtenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Trans-pinocarveol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Uvaol found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Glycine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Leaf (2440 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Carnosolic-acid found in Leaf (2100 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Rosmanol found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap ;found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Chrysoeriol found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Antisclerodermic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Salvin found in Plant
Salvin-monomethyl-ether found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Plant
Glutamine found in Plant
Glycine found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (6048 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (14 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antistress
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antitartar
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (29000 ppm);found in Leaf (616 ppm);found in Et (21000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (19300 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil (13100 ppm);found in Plant (308 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Malic-acid found in Plant
Nepetin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Pectin found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Plant
Glycine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chrysoeriol found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Shoot (784 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3800 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Maslinic-acid found in Leaf (46 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Antivulvitic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1280 ppm);found in Leaf (1280 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Bradycardic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bronchomucolytic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Bronchomucotropic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Bronchorrheic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
COMP-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil (13100 ppm);found in Plant (308 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Cynaroside found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Plant
Alpha-cedrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Aromadendrene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chrysoeriol found in Plant
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Glycine found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pantothenic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Shoot
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Rosmanol found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap ;found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Serine found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Silicon found in Leaf (3.1 ppm);found in Leaf (3.1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Plant
Cerebrodepressant
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Shoot
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Ciliotoxic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Congestant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (14 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Cytostatic
Salviol found in Essential Oil
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosolic-acid found in Leaf (2100 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Uvaol found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Deliriant
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Shoot
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (112 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Dermatitigenic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Asparagine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Plant
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (60700 ppm);found in Et (47000 ppm);found in Leaf (18592 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (60700 ppm);found in Et (47000 ppm);found in Leaf (18592 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (6048 ppm)
Methyl-isovalerate found in Plant (42 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (112 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Gastrosedative
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Catechin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Shoot
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (1080 ppm);found in Leaf (1080 ppm);found in Plant (12 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Leaf (560 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Campesterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Phytosterols found in Leaf (2440 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Leaf (31 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1280 ppm);found in Leaf (1280 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (363300 ppm);found in Et (206000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (408500 ppm);found in Leaf (10172 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil (13100 ppm);found in Plant (308 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf (1800 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Beta-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (356000 ppm);found in Leaf (9968 ppm);found in Et (151000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (142500 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (60700 ppm);found in Et (47000 ppm);found in Leaf (18592 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Shoot (784 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3800 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-cedrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Leaf (560 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Alpha-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (363300 ppm);found in Et (206000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (408500 ppm);found in Leaf (10172 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Cirsiliol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Uvaol found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (0.3 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Monoamine-Precursor
Tyrosine found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (6048 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Shoot (784 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3800 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Diosmetin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Shoot (784 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3800 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Neurodepressant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Plant
Neuropathogenic
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Nociceptive
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Osteoblastogenic
Diosmetin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1280 ppm);found in Leaf (1280 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (14 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
PPAR-Gamma-Antagonist
Diosmetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Parasiticide
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-cedrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (29000 ppm);found in Leaf (616 ppm);found in Et (21000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (19300 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Essential Oil
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant
Isocaryophyllene found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (6048 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Methyl-isovalerate found in Plant (42 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm);found in Essential Oil (1200 ppm)
Sabinol found in Leaf (476 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (112 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Pectin found in Shoot
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
3-isothujone found in Leaf
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Alpha-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (363300 ppm);found in Et (206000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (408500 ppm);found in Leaf (10172 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Aromadendrene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Beta-thujone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (356000 ppm);found in Leaf (9968 ppm);found in Et (151000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (142500 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (60700 ppm);found in Et (47000 ppm);found in Leaf (18592 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Essential Oil (13100 ppm);found in Plant (308 ppm)
Catechin found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Citral found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (14 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Et (4000 ppm)
Genkwanin found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Plant
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Shoot (784 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3800 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Malic-acid found in Plant
Manool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (1478 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15700 ppm);found in Et (8000 ppm);found in Plant (336 ppm);found in Essential Oil (10400 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Pectin found in Shoot
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Sabinol found in Leaf (476 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Salvin found in Plant
Salvin-monomethyl-ether found in Leaf
Salviol found in Essential Oil
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Terpineol found in Essential Oil
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (112 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (8 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Cirsilineol found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Progestational
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Iron found in Leaf (305 ppm);found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Propecic
Catechin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (73000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (35500 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Carnosolic-acid found in Leaf (2100 ppm)
Maslinic-acid found in Leaf (46 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
Purgative
Genkwanin found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Carnosol found in Leaf (1660 ppm);found in Shoot (34 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (36000 ppm);found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Inflorescence (42000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot (5800 ppm);found in Plant (50600 ppm);found in Leaf
Refrigerant
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (1780 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Isoborneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (28000 ppm);found in Shoot (784 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3800 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant (6048 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (230 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (11200 ppm);found in Et (1000 ppm);found in Leaf (56 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (66400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (60700 ppm);found in Et (47000 ppm);found in Leaf (18592 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Leaf (560 ppm)
Pinene found in Essential Oil (84000 ppm);found in Leaf (2352 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Stimulant
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Diosmetin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (8 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citral found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Delta-cadinol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil (33000 ppm);found in Leaf (1430 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Manool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot (1478 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (14 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Betulin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Toxic
Sabinol found in Leaf (476 ppm)
Thujone found in Essential Oil (531000 ppm);found in Et (457000 ppm);found in Leaf (12636 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (250000 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm);found in Et (79000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (156000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (40100 ppm);found in Et (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (55000 ppm);found in Et (18000 ppm);found in Plant (1540 ppm);found in Essential Oil (26100 ppm)
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (36400 ppm);found in Essential Oil (85000 ppm);found in Et (14000 ppm);found in Plant (2380 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (6288 ppm)
Citral found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17700 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5400 ppm);found in Shoot (495 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm)
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (46600 ppm);found in Et (11000 ppm);found in Plant (3500 ppm);found in Essential Oil (5000 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Leaf (560 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Stem (1214 ppm);found in Sprout Seedling ;found in Leaf (2449 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10800 ppm);found in Leaf (17957 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (87000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (2830 ppm);found in Leaf (2830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (62 ppm);found in Leaf (62 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Leaf (24700 ppm);found in Plant (11630 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf (786 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (1300 ppm);found in Root ;found in Stem (200 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Pericarp Essent. Oil (229000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (305000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (458000 ppm);found in Leaf (9324 ppm)
Menthol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (3700 ppm);found in Leaf (910 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (350 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Chlorogenic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Leaf (1120 ppm);found in Essential Oil (4500 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (5.9 ppm);found in Leaf (5.9 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot
Catechin found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Nepetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (80000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-thujone Essential Oil
Plant 2,500 13,000
1,8-cineol Leaf Essent. Oil 91,000 357,000
Et 50,000
Essential Oil 73,000 217,000
Leaf
1,8-cineole Plant 390 6,288
1,8-cineole-synthetase Leaf
1-octen-3-ol Plant
2-alpha,3-alpha-dihydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic-acid Leaf
2-alpha-hydroxy-3-oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic-acid Leaf 17
2-amino-adipic-acid Shoot 1.6
2-methyl-3-methylene-5-heptane Leaf 50 280
2-methyl-3-methylene-hept-cis-5-ene Leaf Essent. Oil 8,000
Leaf 40 224
2-methyl-3-methylene-hept-trans-5-ene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Leaf 5 28
3-carene Plant
3-epioleanolic-acid Leaf 1.4
3-isothujone Leaf
5-methoxysalvigenin Leaf
6,7-dimethoxy-rosmanol Shoot 2
6-methoxy-genkwanin Plant
6-methoxygenkwanin-7-methyl-ether Plant
6-methoxyluteolin Plant
6-methoxyluteolin-7-methyl-ether Leaf
7-methoxy-rosmanol Shoot 2
7-o-acetyl-horminone Root
Aceto-hydroxy-royleanone Plant
Alanine Plant
Allo-aromadendrene Essential Oil 1,800
Leaf 15 84
Alpha-amyrin Leaf 1,800
Alpha-beta-thujone Essential Oil 347,000
Alpha-cadinol Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-cedrene Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant
Alpha-copaene Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-corocalene Plant
Alpha-gurjunene Plant
Alpha-humulene Leaf Essent. Oil 29,000
Leaf 110 616
Et 21,000
Essential Oil 19,300
Alpha-muurolene Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-oleanolic-acid Plant
Alpha-phellandrene Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Alpha-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil 35,000 55,000
Plant 7 1,540
Essential Oil 11,700 40,100
Et 35,000
Alpha-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Essential Oil 11,200
Et 1,000
Leaf 10 56
Alpha-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Essential Oil 3,700
Leaf 5 910
Alpha-terpineol acetate Et 9,000
Alpha-thujene Leaf Essent. Oil 13,800
Leaf 0 386
Essential Oil 1,200
Alpha-thujone Leaf Essent. Oil 200,000 363,300
Et 206,000
Essential Oil 73,300 408,500
Leaf 200 10,172
Alpha-ursolic-acid Plant
Aluminum Leaf 18 115
Leaf 115
Apigenin Plant
Shoot
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronylpyranoside Shoot
Aromadendrene Plant
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 55 350
Leaf 320 350
Ash Leaf 13,659 87,000
Leaf 87,000
Asparagine Plant
Avenasterol Fruit Essent. Oil
Beta-amyrin Leaf 1,000
Beta-bourbonene Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-carotene Leaf 6 39
Leaf 35 38
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil 11,000
Leaf 500 760
Et 41,000
Essential Oil 18,900 66,000
Beta-copaene Plant
Beta-myrcene Essential Oil
Beta-oleanolic-acid Plant
Beta-phellandrene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Leaf 5 28
Beta-pinene Leaf Essent. Oil 21,000 55,000
Et 18,000
Plant 20 1,540
Essential Oil 11,300 26,100
Beta-sitosterol Fruit Essent. Oil
Stem 1,214
Sprout Seedling
Leaf 5 2,449
Root
Beta-sitosterol-d-glucoside Seed
Beta-thujone Leaf Essent. Oil 174,000 356,000
Leaf 200 9,968
Et 151,000
Essential Oil 52,300 142,500
Beta-ursolic-acid Plant
Betulin Leaf 15
Borneol Leaf Essent. Oil 16,000 250,000
Shoot 7,000
Et 79,000
Essential Oil 19,700 156,000
Borneol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000 63,500
Essential Oil 17,900 59,000
Et 26,000
Bornyl-acetate Shoot 5 1,780
Boron Leaf 25 41
Caffeic-acid Inflorescence
Shoot
Calamene Plant 5 28
Calcium Leaf 1,696 10,800
Leaf 10,800 17,957
Campesterol Fruit Essent. Oil
Leaf 120
Camphene Leaf Essent. Oil 28,000 66,400
Essential Oil 30,200 60,700
Et 47,000
Leaf 20 18,592
Camphor Pericarp Essent. Oil 229,000
Essential Oil 76,000 305,000
Leaf Essent. Oil 44,000 458,000
Leaf 0 9,324
Carbohydrates Leaf 103,620 660,000
Leaf 660,000
Carnosic-acid Leaf 12,400
Resin, Exudate, Sap 57,000
Shoot 35
Carnosic-acid-12-methyl-ether Shoot
Carnosic-acid-methyl-ester Resin, Exudate, Sap 39,000
Shoot 45
Carnosol Leaf 1,660
Shoot 34
Resin, Exudate, Sap 36,000
Plant
Carnosolic-acid Leaf 2,100
Caryophyllene Essential Oil 33,000
Leaf 1 1,430
Caryophyllene-oxide Essential Oil 13,100
Plant 55 308
Catechin Plant
Chlorogenic-acid Inflorescence
Shoot
Cholesterol Fruit Essent. Oil
Chromium Leaf 0.1 0.3
Leaf 0.3
Chrysoeriol Plant
Cinaroside Shoot
Cineole Shoot 500 6,075
Cirsilineol Plant
Cirsiliol Plant
Cirsilion Plant
Cirsimaritrin Plant
Cis-beta-ocimene Leaf Essent. Oil
Cis-beta-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf
Cis-salvene Essential Oil 3,200
Citral Plant
Cobalt Leaf
Leaf
Copper Leaf 7 8
Cynaroside Leaf
Delta-cadinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant 2 14
Delta-cadinol Leaf Essent. Oil
Delta-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil
Diosmetin Plant
Dipentene-o-diphenollactone Leaf 3,500
Ellagic-acid Plant
Eo Leaf 1,570 25,000
Plant 5,000 28,000
Leaf 20,000
Epioleanolic-acid Leaf 20
Epirosmanol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Shoot 1
Eugenol-glucoside Leaf 9
Farnesol Plant
Fat Leaf 21,666 138,000
Seed 250,000
Leaf 138,000
Ferulic-acid Plant
Fiber Leaf 87,000
Fiber(crude) Leaf 196,000
Fiber(dietary) Leaf 289,000
Fumaric-acid Plant
Gallic-acid Plant
Gamma-cadinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Plant 2 14
Gamma-maaliene Plant
Gamma-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil 3,000
Leaf 15 140
Et 4,000
Genkwanin Leaf
Geraniol Plant
Germanicol Plant
Glutamine Plant
Glycine Plant
Hispidulin Leaf
Horminone Root
Humulene Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil 17,900
Hydroxy-royleanone Plant
Iron Leaf 15 305
Leaf 2.4 15
Isoborneol Leaf Essent. Oil 28,000
Shoot 0 784
Essential Oil 3,800
Isoborneol-acetate Essential Oil 33,700
Shoot 168 9,436
Isocaryophyllene Plant
Isorosmanol Shoot 57
Kilocalories Leaf 3,420
Labiatic-acid Leaf
Ledene Plant
Ledol Leaf Essent. Oil 3,000
Limonene Leaf Essent. Oil 10,000 36,400
Essential Oil 6,600 85,000
Et 14,000
Plant 39 2,380
Linalool Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000 46,600
Et 11,000
Plant 0 3,500
Essential Oil 1,700 5,000
Linalool-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000 34,900
Et 10,000
Essential Oil 2,000 216,000
Linalyl-acetate Plant 0 6,048
Linoleic-acid Fruit Essent. Oil
Seed 73,000
Linolenic-acid Fruit Essent. Oil
Seed 42,000 86,750
Luteolin Leaf
Shoot
Luteolin-7-glycoside Root
Luteolin-7-methyl-ether Plant
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Luteolin-7-o-glucuronide Plant
Magnesium Leaf 2,830
Leaf 444 2,830
Malic-acid Plant
Manganese Leaf 0.5 3
Leaf 3 31
Manool Essential Oil
Shoot 556 1,478
Maslinic-acid Leaf 46
Menthol Leaf
Plant
Methyl-isovalerate Plant 7 42
Myrcene Leaf Essent. Oil 9,000 15,700
Et 8,000
Plant 0 336
Essential Oil 3,700 10,400
Myrtenol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
N-triacontane Plant
Nepetin Plant
Niacin Leaf 57 62
Leaf 10 62
Nicotinic-acid-amide Plant 5,000
O-methyl-carnosic-acid Shoot 17
Olean-12-en-28-oic-acid Shoot 86
Oleanolic-acid Leaf 140 786
Stem 400
Oleic-acid Fruit Essent. Oil
Seed 35,500
Oxalic-acid Plant
P-coumaric-acid Plant
P-cymen-8-ol Plant
P-cymene Leaf Essent. Oil 7,000 17,700
Essential Oil 3,100 5,400
Shoot 15 495
Et 11,000
Palmitic-acid Fruit Essent. Oil
Pantothenic-acid Plant
Pectin Shoot
Pectolinamarigenin Plant
Phellandrene Essential Oil 20,000
Leaf 100 560
Phosphorus Leaf 201 1,280
Leaf 910 1,280
Phytosterols Leaf 2,440
Picrosalvin Leaf
Pinene Essential Oil 84,000
Leaf 420 2,352
Planteose Seed
Pomolic-acid Leaf 3
Potassium Leaf 3,878 24,700
Leaf 24,700
Plant 10,700 11,630
Potassium-nitrate Plant
Pristane Leaf 56
Protein Leaf 18,055 115,000
Leaf 115,000
Seed 180,000
Resin Plant 50,000 60,000
Riboflavin Leaf 0.6 3.6
Leaf 3 4
Rosmadial Resin, Exudate, Sap 6,000
Rosmanol Plant
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Shoot 11
Rosmanol-7-ethyl-ether Shoot 144
Rosmanol-9-ethyl-ether Shoot 144
Rosmarinic-acid Inflorescence 30,000 42,000
Tissue Culture
Shoot 2,000 5,800
Plant 30,000 50,600
Leaf
Royleanone Root 20,300
Sabinene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Leaf 10 56
Essential Oil 1,200
Sabinol Leaf 85 476
Sabinyl-acetate Plant 110 616
Saccharopine Shoot 1.6
Safficinolide Shoot 35 57
Sageone Shoot 22 73
Sagequinone-methide-a Shoot 207
Sagerinic-acid Plant 1,300
Salicylic-acid Plant
Salvianolic-acid-k Plant 5,760
Salviatannin Leaf
Salvigenin Leaf
Shoot
Salvigenin-7-o-glucuronide Plant
Salvin Plant
Salvin-monomethyl-ether Leaf
Salviol Essential Oil
Saponin Plant
Selenium Leaf
Leaf
Selin-11-en-4-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 54,000
Selina-5,11-diene Plant
Serine Plant
Silicon Leaf 0.5 3.1
Leaf 3.1
Sodium Leaf 170 1,080
Leaf 1,080
Plant 11 12
Spathulenol Leaf Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid Fruit Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol Fruit Essent. Oil
Leaf 5 230
Tannin Plant 20,000 80,000
Tannins Leaf 785 10,000
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000 3,000
Leaf 10 1,120
Essential Oil 4,500
Terpineol Essential Oil
Terpinolene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Plant 112
Thiamin Leaf 7 8
Thiamine Leaf 1.3 8.2
Thujol-acetate Essential Oil 1,300
Thujone Essential Oil 451,300 531,000
Et 457,000
Leaf 1,453 12,636
Thymol Essential Oil
Leaf
Tin Leaf 1.3 8
Leaf 8
Trans-3-hexenal Plant
Trans-allo-ocimene Plant
Trans-beta-ocimene Leaf Essent. Oil
Trans-ocimene Plant
Trans-pinocarveol Leaf Essent. Oil
Trans-sabinene-hydrate Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Leaf 10 56
Trans-sabinol Leaf Essent. Oil
Trans-salvene Essential Oil 800
Tricyclene Leaf Essent. Oil 3,000
Leaf 15 84
Tyrosine Plant
Urs-12-en-28-oic-acid Leaf 14
Ursolic-acid Leaf 1,255 1,300
Root
Stem 200
Uvaol Plant
Valeranone Leaf Essent. Oil
Vanillic-acid Plant
Viridiflorol Essential Oil
Leaf
Water Leaf 843,000
Leaf 843,000
Wax Plant
Zinc Leaf 1 5.9
Leaf 5.9
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]