Salvia canariensis Health effects and herbal facts

Salvia canariensis is an erect perennial shrub native to the Canary Islands. It can reach 2-2.3 m in height and 1.5 m width in a single season. The triangular leaves are pale green, and the stems and underside of the leaves are covered with long white hairs. The flowers range from pale purple to deep purple magenta.

Salvia canariensis

Gallery

Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands

Biological activities

5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Acaricide
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (575 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Anesthetic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
AntiHIV
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiallergic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antibiotic
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antilepric
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Carnosic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot (1923 ppm);found in Plant (603 ppm)
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Leaf (575 ppm)
Carnosic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot (1923 ppm);found in Plant (603 ppm)
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiplaque
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Antiradicular
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Zingiberene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Antiulcer
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Choleretic
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Convulsant
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Counterirritant
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Culicide
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Decongestant
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Dentifrice
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Diuretic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (575 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Selinene found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (575 ppm)
Fenchyl-alcohol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (575 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Larvicide
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Decanol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (575 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Decanol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Protease-Inhibitor
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Carnosol found in Flower ;found in Plant (157 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Rubefacient
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Leaf (1205 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (575 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (670 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Trichomonicide
P-cymene found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
6,9-guaiadiene Leaf 230
6-methyl-hept-5-n-2-one Leaf 35
Allo-aromadendrene Leaf 28
Alpha-elemol Leaf 0.1
Alpha-humulene Leaf 110
Alpha-phellandrene Leaf 0.1
Alpha-pinene Leaf 670
Alpha-terpineol Leaf 0.1
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf 2,105
Beta-caryophyllene-alcohol Leaf 0.1
Beta-eudesmol Leaf 0.1
Beta-pinene Leaf 28
Borneol Leaf 160
Bornyl-acetate Leaf 1,205
Camphene Leaf 575
Camphor Leaf 28
Carnosic-acid Flower
Shoot 1,923
Plant 603
Carnosol Flower
Plant 157
Caryophyllene-oxide Leaf 28
Decanol Leaf 0.1
Eo Leaf 7,000
Fenchyl-alcohol Leaf 0.1
Gamma-terpinene Leaf 0.1
Globulol Leaf 1,185
Myrcene Leaf 0.1
N-decyl-acetate Leaf 0.1
P-cymene Leaf 42
Sabinene Leaf 0.1
Selinene Leaf 21
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf 0.1
Terpinolene Leaf 0.1
Thymol Leaf 0.1
Tricyclene Leaf 21
Zingiberene Leaf 14
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]