Rubus idaeus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American red raspberry European red raspberry raspberry red raspberry wild red raspberry

Rubus idaeus is a red-fruited species of Rubus native to Europe and northern Asia and commonly cultivated in other temperate regions. A closely related plant in North America, sometimes regarded as the variety Rubus idaeus var. strigosus, is more commonly treated as a distinct species, Rubus strigosus, as is done here. Red-fruited cultivated raspberries, even in North America, are generally Rubus idaeus or horticultural derivatives of hybrids of R. idaeus and R. strigosus; these plants are all addressed in the present article. Plants of Rubus idaeus are generally perennials which bear biennial stems from a perennial root system. In its first year, a new, unbranched stem grows vigorously to its full height of 1.5-2.5 m, bearing large pinnately compound leaves with five or seven leaflets, but usually no flowers. In its second year, a stem does not grow taller, but produces several side shoots, which bear smaller leaves with three or five leaflets. The flowers are produced in late spring on short racemes on the tips of these side shoots, each flower about 1 cm diameter with five white petals.

Rubus idaeus

Medical use

Economic importance of Rubus idaeus

Harmful organism host crop diseases crop pests
Human food beverage base fruit
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus Rubus idaeus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    • China: China - Hebei, Heilongjiang , Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shanxi, Xinjiang
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana , Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska , North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon , Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maryland , North Carolina , Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, Nevada , Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Plant
P-cresol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Boron found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Juice
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Pufa found in Fruit (23410 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Pufa found in Fruit (23410 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Farnesol found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Quercetin found in Juice
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Sanguiin-h-6 found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Silicon found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Plant
Lutein found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Malic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Alpha-carotene found in Fruit (0.6 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Juice
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Maltol found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Juice
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Plant ;found in Pericarp
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Xylose found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Pufa found in Fruit (23410 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Glucose found in Fruit
Rutin found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Maltol found in Fruit
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (18 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Kaempferol found in Juice
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Juice
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Juice
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Plant ;found in Pericarp
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Juice
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Xylitol found in Fruit (0.4 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Glucose found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Juice
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Antihyperinsulinemic
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Juice
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antileukorrheic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Juice
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Juice
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Boron found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (955 ppm);found in Leaf (2340 ppm);found in Leaf (2340 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Juice
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Juice
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Juice
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Juice
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Juice
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Juice
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (6.7 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Juice
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Juice
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Antipolio
Cyanin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Fruit (23410 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Alpha-carotene found in Fruit (0.6 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Lutein found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Juice
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Quercetin found in Juice
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Furfural found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Malic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
P-cresol found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Antisickling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Leaf (392 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ethyl-acetate found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Valerianic-acid found in Fruit
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Juice
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Malic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Aluminum found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Leaf (392 ppm)
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Cyanin found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Antixerotic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (955 ppm);found in Leaf (2340 ppm);found in Leaf (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Farnesol found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Juice
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Bilirubinolytic
Xylitol found in Fruit (0.4 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Juice
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Succinic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Ethanol found in Plant
Ethyl-acetate found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
CNS-Sedative
Maltol found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
Geraniol found in Fruit
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Juice
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Leaf (392 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Carminative
Ethyl-acetate found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Cataractagenic
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Cathartic
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Fruit
Colorant
Alpha-carotene found in Fruit (0.6 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Beta-cryptoxanthin found in Fruit
Lutein found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Juice
Demulcent
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit
Deodorant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Fruit
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Juice
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Xylitol found in Fruit (0.4 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Xylose found in Fruit
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Fruit
Emetic
Cyanin found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Leaf (392 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Boron found in Fruit (13 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Diacetyl found in Fruit
Ethyl-acetate found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Furfural found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Maltol found in Fruit
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
P-cresol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Fruit
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Flatulent
Xylitol found in Fruit (0.4 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Furfural found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Maltol found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Juice
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Herbicide
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Humectant
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Plant
Sodium found in Fruit (1 ppm);found in Leaf (77 ppm);found in Leaf (77 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Xylitol found in Fruit (0.4 ppm)
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Plant
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (80 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm);found in Leaf (146 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Ethanol found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (56 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Furfural found in Fruit
Rutin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Juice
Irritant
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Diacetyl found in Fruit
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Furfural found in Fruit
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Fruit
Isobutyric-acid found in Fruit
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Fruit
Keratolytic
Lactic-acid found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Larvistat
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Xylitol found in Fruit (0.4 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Juice
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Juice
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.3 ppm);found in Leaf (1.3 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Maltol found in Fruit
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Plant
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Juice
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Mannitol found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (955 ppm);found in Leaf (2340 ppm);found in Leaf (2340 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Parasiticide
P-cresol found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Perfume
Isoamyl-alcohol found in Fruit
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Mufa found in Fruit (3965 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Aluminum found in Leaf (392 ppm);found in Leaf (392 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Caprylic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Plant
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Cyanin found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Furfural found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Maltol found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
P-cresol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit (14500 ppm);found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (2.2 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Pigment
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
Cyanin found in Fruit
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Juice
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit
Previtamin-A
Alpha-carotene found in Fruit (0.6 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Juice
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Iron found in Fruit (45 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm);found in Leaf (101 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (15555 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (3665 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Fruit (6200 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm);found in Leaf (120000 ppm)
Purgative
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Juice
Lutein found in Fruit (4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Fruit
Respirotoxic
Ethyl-acetate found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Rodenticide
P-cresol found in Plant
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Fruit
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (6 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Plant
Secretogogue
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Maltol found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Stimulant
Ethyl-acetate found in Plant
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (970 ppm)
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Plant
Sweetener
Dextrose found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit
Levulose found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Maltol found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Sorbitol found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit
Xylitol found in Fruit (0.4 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Juice (50 ppm);found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Juice
Sanguiin-h-6 found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Juice
Pedunculagin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Sanguiin-h-2 found in Leaf
Sanguiin-h-6 found in Leaf
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Transdermal
Isobutyric-acid found in Fruit
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Beta-ionone found in Plant
Farnesol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Juice
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Juice
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Juice
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm);found in Leaf (114 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Lutein found in Fruit (4 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Juice ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Oil
Ethanol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Juice
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Juice
Sanguiin-h-6 found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (2.5 ppm);found in Leaf (2.5 ppm)
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Juice ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf ;found in Pericarp ;found in Stem
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (1645 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Leaf (12100 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (352280 ppm);found in Leaf (82000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Juice
Magnesium found in Fruit (1400 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm);found in Leaf (3190 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (67 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm);found in Leaf (382 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (11635 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm);found in Leaf (13400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Fruit (12 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Plant
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Vitamin-A-Activity
Beta-cryptoxanthin found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1870 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm);found in Seed (300 ppm);found in Leaf (3670 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Plant ;found in Pericarp
Sucrose found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (37 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Juice
Quercetin found in Juice

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Juice
Leaf
Stem
Pericarp
(-)-epicatechin Juice
Plant
Leaf
Pericarp
Stem
1-beta-o-galloylpedunculagin Leaf
1-pentanol Fruit
1-penten-3-ol Plant
2-hexen-4-olide Plant
3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol Plant
5-methyl-furfural Fruit
Acetic-acid Plant
Acetoin Fruit
Alpha-carotene Fruit 0.13 0.6
Alpha-furancarbonic-acid Plant
Alpha-tocopherol Fruit 9 56
Aluminum Leaf 66 392
Leaf 392
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 70 1,870
Leaf 620 3,670
Seed 300
Leaf 3,670
Ash Fruit 3,880 30,815
Leaf 80,000
Leaf 13,520 80,000
Benzaldehyde Plant
Benzoic-acid Plant
Beta-carotene Fruit 0.06 7
Leaf 19 114
Leaf 114
Beta-cryptoxanthin Fruit
Beta-ionone Plant
Beta-phenylethylalcohol Fruit
Beta-sitosterol Seed Oil
Boron Fruit 1 13
Butyric-acid Fruit
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Plant
Calcium Fruit 220 1,645
Leaf 2,045 12,100
Leaf 12,100
Capronic-acid Fruit
Caprylic-acid Fruit
Carbohydrates Fruit 115,700 865,370
Leaf 133,510 790,000
Leaf 790,000
Chromium Leaf 1.3
Leaf 0.2 1.3
Cinnamyl-alcohol Plant
Cis-hexen-3-ol Plant
Citric-acid Fruit
Cobalt Leaf 3.4
Leaf 0.6 3.4
Copper Fruit 0.7 6
Cyanidin-3-glucosyl-rutinoside Plant
Cyanidin-3-o-glucoside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-rutinoside Plant
Cyanidin-3-sophoroside Plant
Cyanidin-5-monoglycoside Plant
Cyanin Fruit
Damascene Plant
Dextrose Fruit 35,000
Diacetyl Fruit
Dihydro-beta-ionone Plant
Ellagic-acid Juice 5 50
Leaf
Epoxy-beta-ionone Plant
Ethanol Plant
Ethyl-acetate Plant
Farnesol Plant
Fat Fruit 5,100 44,130
Leaf 2,873 17,000
Seed 145,000 240,000
Leaf 17,000
Ferulic-acid Fruit
Plant
Fiber Fruit 30,000 352,280
Leaf 82,000
Fiber(crude) Leaf 82,000
Fiber(dietary) Leaf 323,000
Flavonols Juice 122
Formic-acid Fruit
Fructose Fruit
Furfural Fruit
Gadoleic-acid Fruit 40 300
Gallic-acid Juice
Leaf
Plant
Gentisic-acid Plant
Geraniol Fruit
Glucose Fruit
Hexen-2-acid Fruit
Hexen-3-acid Fruit
Homoprotocatechuic-acid Plant
Hydroxybenzoic-acid Juice
Hydroxycinnamic-acid Juice
Iron Fruit 5 45
Leaf 17 101
Leaf 101
Isoamyl-alcohol Fruit
Isobutyric-acid Fruit
Isoquercitrin Fruit
Isovalerianic-acid Fruit
Kaempferol Juice
Kaempferol-3-glucuronide Juice 1 5
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Fruit 1
Kilocalories Fruit 490 3,665
Leaf 2,750
Lactic-acid Leaf
Lambertianin-a Leaf
Lambertianin-b Leaf
Lambertianin-c Leaf
Lambertianin-d Leaf
Levulose Fruit 35,000
Linoleic-acid Fruit 2,080 15,555
Seed Oil
Linolenic-acid Fruit 1,050 7,855
Seed Oil
Lutein Fruit 0.76 4
Magnesium Fruit 175 1,400
Leaf 539 3,190
Leaf 3,190
Malic-acid Fruit
Maltol Fruit
Manganese Fruit 10 80
Leaf 146
Leaf 25 146
Mannitol Fruit
Mufa Fruit 530 3,965
N-heptacosane Seed Oil
N-nonacosane Seed Oil
Niacin Fruit 9 67
Leaf 65 382
Leaf 382
O-phthalic-acid Fruit
Oleic-acid Fruit 490 3,665
Organic-acids Plant 15,000 20,000
Oxybenzoic-acid Fruit
P-coumaric-acid Bark
Plant
Leaf
Juice
P-cresol Plant
P-ethyl-phenol Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Plant
P-hydroxyphenylethylalcohol Plant
Palmitic-acid Fruit 130 970
Pantothenic-acid Fruit 2.4 18
Pectin Fruit 14,500
Leaf 8,450 50,000
Pedunculagin Leaf
Pelargonin-3,2-glucosylrutinoside Fruit
Pelargonin-3,5-diglycoside Fruit
Phosphorus Fruit 110 955
Leaf 395 2,340
Leaf 2,340
Potassium Fruit 1,490 11,635
Leaf 2,265 13,400
Leaf 13,400
Procyanidin-b-4 Leaf
Stem
Plant
Pericarp
Procyanidin-b-5 Leaf
Pericarp
Stem
Procyanidin-b-8 Leaf
Pericarp
Stem
Procyanidin-g Leaf
Pericarp
Stem
Propionic-acid Fruit
Protein Fruit 8,800 70,530
Leaf 19,097 113,000
Leaf 113,000
Protocatechuic-acid Juice
Plant
Pufa Fruit 3,130 23,410
Quercetin Juice
Quercetin-3-0-galactoside Juice 1 6
Quercetin-3-glucuronide Fruit 1
Juice 10 90
Quercetin-3-o-alpha-l-galactoside Fruit
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoronide Fruit 4
Quercetin-3-sophoroside Juice 1 80
Quercetin-3-xylosylglucuronide Juice 1 6
Riboflavin Fruit 0.9 6.7
Leaf
Leaf
Rutin Plant
Salicylic-acid Fruit
Plant
Sanguiin-h-2 Leaf
Sanguiin-h-6 Leaf
Selenium Leaf 0.4 2.5
Leaf 2.5
Sfa Fruit 190 1,420
Silicon Leaf 1.3
Leaf 0.2 1.3
Sodium Fruit 0 1
Leaf 77
Leaf 13 77
Sorbitol Fruit
Stearic-acid Fruit 130 970
Succinic-acid Fruit
Leaf
Sucrose Fruit
Sugars Leaf 10,140 60,000
Tannin Fruit 6,200
Leaf 100,000 120,000
Leaf 16,900 120,000
Tetracosan-1-ol Seed Oil
Theaspirane Plant
Thiamin Fruit 0.3 2.2
Leaf 3.4
Thiamine Leaf 0.6 3.4
Tin Leaf 4 22
Tocopherol Fruit 3 12
Trans-2-phenylbutanone Plant
Valerianic-acid Fruit
Vanillic-acid Plant
Vit-b-6 Fruit 0.5 4.3
Water Fruit 865,700
Leaf 831,000
Leaf 831,000
Xylitol Fruit 0.4
Xylose Fruit
Zinc Fruit 4 37
Leaf
Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]