Rubia cordifolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Indian madder

Rubia cordifolia, often known as Common Madder or Indian Madder, is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. It has been cultivated for a red pigment derived from roots. Common names of this plant include Manjistha in Sanskrit, Marathi, Kannada and Bengali, Majith in Hindi and Gujarati, Tamaralli in Telugu, Manditti in Tamil.

Rubia cordifolia

Medical use

Economic importance of Rubia cordifolia

Materials tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia Rubia cordifolia

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Primorye
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu ; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alizarin found in Root
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Allergenic
Alizarin found in Root
Analgesic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (720 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Iron found in Root (720 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alizarin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (720 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Anticataract
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (720 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifatigue
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihangover
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antileukemic
Alizarin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (720 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alizarin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alizarin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiseptic
Physcion found in Plant
Scopoletol found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Alizarin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Physcion found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Root
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cathartic
Physcion found in Plant
Collagenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Dye
Alizarin found in Root
Purpurin found in Root
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Alizarin found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (195 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Manganese found in Root (94 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Laxative
Anthraquinones found in Root
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Litholytic
Anthraquinones found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Molluscicide
Rubiadin found in Root
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Pesticide
Alizarin found in Root
Arsenic found in Root (1.1 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Physcion found in Plant
Scopoletol found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Pigment
Alizarin found in Root
Prooxidant
Iron found in Root (720 ppm)
Purgative
Physcion found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Purpurin found in Root
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (15 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Termitifuge
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Nor-damnacanthal found in Plant
Toxic
Anthraquinones found in Root
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Root (37800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1870 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12600 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm)

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