Rheum palmatum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese rhubarb ornamental rhubarb

Rheum palmatum, commonly called Turkish rhubarb, Turkey rhubarb, Chinese rhubarb, Indian rhubarb, Russian rhubarb or rhubarb root.

Rheum palmatum

Medical use

Economic importance of Rheum palmatum

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Gene sources secondary genetic relative of rhubarb
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum Rheum palmatum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Gansu, Hubei, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang , Yunnan
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    Cultivated
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alizarin found in Plant
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root
Acidulant
Hexanoic-acid found in Rhizome (2.5 ppm)
Adaptogenic
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Hyperin found in Root
Quercitrin found in Root
Allelochemic
P-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Allergenic
Alizarin found in Plant
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Gallic-acid found in Root
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Isomenthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Rhizome (180 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antianemic
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Iron found in Rhizome (180 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Gallic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antibacillus
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alizarin found in Plant
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Hexanal found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hyperin found in Root
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Rhizome (180 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercitrin found in Root
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Rhizome (180 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Antidandruff
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Root
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Antiembolic
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Antifeedant
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Root
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antigastric
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Root
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Quercitrin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Quercitrin found in Root
Antihistaminic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperin found in Root
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Root
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antilepric
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antileukemic
Alizarin found in Plant
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antilisteria
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Rhizome (180 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiotitic
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiprostatitic
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Root
Antipyretic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Ar-curcumene found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hexanal found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiseptic
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Furfural found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Hexanal found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hexanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
M-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
P-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Physcion found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1660 ppm)
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2100 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Petiole
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ethyl-acetate found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Antispastic
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antisprout
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antistaphylococcic
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antitartar
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antitumor
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Quercitrin found in Root
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperin found in Root
Antivaginitic
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root
Antivasculitic
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Antiviral
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Ar-curcumene found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Gallic-acid found in Root
Hyperin found in Root
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Antivulvitic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Arteriodilator
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Bradycardic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Root
Bronchomucolytic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Bronchomucotropic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Bronchorrheic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Alizarin found in Plant
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Chrysazin found in Root
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2100 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Petiole
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Physcion found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1660 ppm)
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Candidicide
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Capillarifortificant
Hyperin found in Root
Capillarigenic
Hyperin found in Root
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Cardiac
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Cathartic
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Chrysazin found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Physcion found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1660 ppm)
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Sennoside found in Rhizome
Choleretic
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Root
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Ciliotoxic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Collagenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Congestant
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Convulsant
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Counterirritant
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Detoxicant
Quercitrin found in Root
Diaphoretic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Differentiator
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Digestive
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Hyperin found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Dye
Alizarin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Root
Emetic
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Estrogenic
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Rhaponticin found in Root
Expectorant
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Decanoic-acid found in Rhizome (2.5 ppm)
Dodecanoic-acid found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Dodecanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Furfural found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Heptyl-acetate found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hexanal found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hexanoic-acid found in Rhizome (2.5 ppm)
Hexanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Rhizome (3 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Fumigant
M-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Fungicide
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2100 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Petiole
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Furfural found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Fungistat
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Gastrosedative
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Genotoxic
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Hemolytic
M-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Sodium found in Rhizome (175 ppm)
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Rhizome (46 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hyperin found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Hypothermic
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Chrysazin found in Root
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Gallic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Furfural found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Root
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Root
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Irritant
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Furfural found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
M-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2100 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Petiole
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Laxative
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Sennoside found in Rhizome
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Litholytic
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Root
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Mutagenic
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Decanoic-acid found in Rhizome (2.5 ppm)
Decanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Neurodepressant
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Neuropathogenic
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Nociceptive
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2100 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Petiole
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Root
Parasiticide
M-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Pediculicide
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Cedrol found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
M-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Rhizome (3 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Tridecanoic-acid found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Pesticide
Alizarin found in Plant
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Cedrol found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2100 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Petiole
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Decanoic-acid found in Rhizome (2.5 ppm)
Decanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Furfural found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Root
Hexanal found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hexanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Hyperin found in Root
M-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Physcion found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1660 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Root
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Torreyol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Pigment
Alizarin found in Plant
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Rhizome (180 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Proteinase-Inhibitor
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Psychoactive
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Purgative
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Physcion found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (1660 ppm)
Rhein found in Rhizome ;found in Root (14300 ppm)
Sennoside-a found in Rhizome (16600 ppm);found in Root (75600 ppm)
Sennoside-b found in Rhizome (10000 ppm);found in Root (31400 ppm)
Sennoside-c found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Sennoside-d found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Sennoside-e found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Sennoside-f found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Refrigerant
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Respirotoxic
Ethyl-acetate found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Rodenticide
M-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
P-cresol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Secretogogue
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Paeonol found in Rhizome (80 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Stimulant
Ethyl-acetate found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Styptic
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Gallic-acid found in Root
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Cedrol found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Torreyol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Termitifuge
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root (3190 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome (28.5 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
1,2,6-tri-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucose found in Rhizome (553.1 ppm)
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Chrysazin found in Root
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Toxic
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
Tuberculostatic
Aloe-emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (2030 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Rhizome (1.5 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ulcerogenic
Ethanol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Uterosedative
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Rhizome (12400 ppm)
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (2560 ppm)
Phenol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (21600 ppm)
Tetramethyl-pyrazine found in Rhizome (1 ppm)
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Root
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Vibriocide
Menthol found in Rhizome (0.5 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (10 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Petiole ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (690 ppm);found in Rhizome

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Rhizome 14,275
1'-o-galloyl-sucrose Rhizome 12.5
1,2,6-tri-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucose Rhizome 553.1
1,3-diemthyl-naphthalene Rhizome 0.5
1,5-dimethyl-naphthalene Rhizome 0.5
1-2-di-o-galloyl-6-cinnamoyl-beta-d-glucose Rhizome 96.9
1-6-di-o-galloyl-2-o-cinnamoyl-beta-d-glucose Rhizome 121.9
1-6-di-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucose Rhizome 143.8
1-o-galloyl-2-o-cinnamoyl-beta-d-glucose Rhizome 75
1-o-galloyl-6-o-cinnamoyl-beta-d-glucose Rhizome 40.6
1-o-galloyl-fructose Rhizome
2,3,5-trimethyl-naphthalene Rhizome 0.5
2,6-dimethyl-naphthalene Rhizome 0.5
2-methyl-naphthalene Rhizome 0.5
2-o-cinnamoyl-1-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucopyranose Root
2-pentyl-furan Rhizome 0.5
2-phenylbenzaldehyde Rhizome 0.5
2-phenylethanol Rhizome 0.5
3,4-dimethoxy-benzoic-acid Rhizome 0.5
3,4-dimethyl-hexan-3,4-diol Rhizome 0.5
3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene-4'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root
3-methyl-dibenzothiophene Rhizome 0.5
4'-o-galloyl-sucrose Rhizome 28.1
4'-o-methyl-piceid Root 248
4-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanone-beta-d-glucoside Root
4-methyl-dibenzothiophene Rhizome 0.5
5-methyl-2-furfural Rhizome 0.5
6-o-galloyl-glucose Rhizome 46.9
6-o-galloyl-sucrose Rhizome 25 125
8-glucosyl-rhein-anthrone Root
Alizarin Plant
Aloe-emodin Rhizome
Tissue Culture
Root 2,030
Aloe-emodin-8-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Aloe-emodin-8-o-beta-d-glucoside Rhizome
Aloe-emodin-dianthrone Root
Aloe-emodin-dianthrone-glycoside Root
Aloe-emodin-monoglycoside Root
Alpha-cadinene Rhizome 0.5
Alpha-copaene Rhizome 50
Alpha-himachalene Rhizome 1
Alpha-humulene Rhizome 1
Alpha-muurolene Rhizome 19
Alpha-santalene Rhizome 1.5
Alpha-terpineol Rhizome 2
Anethole Rhizome 1.5
Anthraquinone Bulb
Rhizome
Anthraquinones Rhizome
Root 14,000 50,000
Ar-curcumene Rhizome 5
Benzaldehyde Rhizome 1.5
Benzyl-alcohol Rhizome 0.5
Beta-elemene Rhizome 0.5
Beta-eudesmol Rhizome 0.5
Beta-glucogallin Rhizome 43.8
Beta-gurjunene Rhizome 0.5
Butanol Rhizome 0.5
Cadina-1,4-diene Rhizome 4
Calamenene Rhizome 9
Calcium Rhizome 9,630 12,400
Cedrol Rhizome 1
Chromones Rhizome
Chrysazin Root
Chrysophanein Root 34
Chrysophanic-acid Bulb
Tissue Culture
Root 2,100
Rhizome
Petiole
Chrysophanic-acid-1-o-beta-d-glucoside Rhizome
Chrysophanic-acid-8-o-beta-d-glucoside Rhizome
Chrysophanol Root 690 3,190
Chrysophanol-dianthrone Root
Cinnamic-acid Root
Cinnamic-aldehyde Rhizome 19
Citreorosin Rhizome
Copper Rhizome 6 10
Cyclohexanone Rhizome 0.5
D-catechol Root
Decanal Rhizome 0.5
Decanoic-acid Rhizome 2.5
Decanol Rhizome 0.5
Delta-cadinene Rhizome 28.5
Dirhein Rhizome
Docosane Rhizome 0.5
Dodecane Rhizome 0.5
Dodecanoic-acid Rhizome 0.5
Dodecanol Rhizome 0.5
Eicosane Rhizome 0.5
Emodin Petiole
Tissue Culture
Root 690
Rhizome
Emodin-1-o-beta-d-glucoside Rhizome
Emodin-dianthrone Root
Emodin-glycoside Root
Emodin-monoglycoside Root
Eo Rhizome 500
Ethanol Rhizome 0.5
Ethyl-acetate Rhizome 5
Furfural Rhizome 0.5
Gallic-acid Root
Gamma-cadinene Rhizome 0.5
Gamma-muurolene Rhizome 9
Glucose Root
Heneicosane Rhizome 0.5
Heptadecane Rhizome 0.5
Heptanal Rhizome 0.5
Heptanol Rhizome 1.5
Heptyl-acetate Rhizome 0.5
Hexadecahydropyrane Rhizome 1
Hexadecane Rhizome 0.5
Hexadecanoic-acid Rhizome 110
Hexanal Rhizome 0.5
Hexanoic-acid Rhizome 2.5
Hexanol Rhizome 0.5
Hyperin Root
Iron Rhizome 100 180
Isomenthol Rhizome 0.5
M-cresol Rhizome 0.5
Magnesium Rhizome 1,980 2,560
Manganese Rhizome 19 46
Menthol Rhizome 0.5
Methyl-eugenol Rhizome 0.5 27
Methyl-hexadecanoate Rhizome 1.5
Methyl-linoleate Rhizome 1.5
Methyl-octadecanoate Rhizome 47
Methyl-tridecanoate Rhizome 0.5
Naphthalene-glycosides Rhizome
Nonadecane Rhizome 0.5
Nonanal Rhizome 1.5
Nonanoic-acid Rhizome 3
Octadecane Rhizome 0.5 2
Octan-3-ol Rhizome 0.5
Octanal Rhizome 0.5
Octanoic-acid Rhizome 0.5
P-cresol Rhizome 0.5
P-cymene Rhizome 0.5
Paeonol Rhizome 80
Palmidin-a Root
Palmidin-b Root
Palmidin-c Root
Palmidin-d Root
Pentadecanal Rhizome 0.5
Pentadecane Rhizome 0.5
Pentadecanoic-acid Rhizome 12.5
Phenol Rhizome 0.5
Phenylbutanone-glycosides Rhizome
Physcion Rhizome
Tissue Culture
Root 1,660
Physcion-8-gentiobioside Root
Physcion-8-glucoside Plant
Physcion-8-o-beta-d-gentiobioside Root
Physcion-dianthrone Root
Physcion-diglucoside Root
Physcion-diglycoside Root
Physcion-monoglucoside Root
Physcionin Root 29.9
Potassium Rhizome 6,330 21,600
Pulmatin Root 24.9
Quercitrin Root
Rhaponticin Root
Rhapontin Root 464.7
Rheidin-a Root
Rheidin-b Root
Rheidin-c Root
Rhein Rhizome
Root 14,300
Rhein-8-o-beta-d-glucoside Rhizome
Rhein-anthrone Root
Rhein-monoglycoside Root
Rheinoside-a Leaf
Rhizome
Rheinoside-c Rhizome
Rheinoside-d Rhizome
Stem
Rheinosides Root 12,900
Rheosmin Root
Rheum-pectic-polysaccharide Stem
Rheum-polysaccharide-dhp-1 Rhizome
Rheum-polysaccharide-dnp-2 Rhizome
Safrole Rhizome 2
Sennidin-a Root
Sennidin-b Root
Sennidin-c Root
Sennidin-d Root
Sennoside Rhizome
Sennoside-a Rhizome 100 16,600
Root 2,000 75,600
Sennoside-b Rhizome 20 10,000
Root 8,500 31,400
Sennoside-c Rhizome
Root
Sennoside-d Rhizome
Root
Sennoside-e Rhizome
Root
Sennoside-f Rhizome
Root
Sennosides-a+b Rhizome
Sodium Rhizome 140 175
Stilbene-glycosides Rhizome
Tannins Root 50,000 100,000
Tetracosane Rhizome 1
Tetradecanoic-acid Rhizome 10.5
Tetradecanol Rhizome 0.5
Tetramethyl-pyrazine Rhizome 1
Tetrarin Root
Torreyol Rhizome 0.5
Tricosane Rhizome 0.5
Tridecanal Rhizome 0.5
Tridecane Rhizome 0.5
Tridecanoic-acid Rhizome 0.5
Undecane Rhizome 0.5
Undecanoic-acid Rhizome 6
Zinc Rhizome 9 10
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]