Rhamnus cathartica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
buckthorn common buckthorn European buckthorn

Rhamnus cathartica, is a species in the family Rhamnaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia, from the central British Isles south to Morocco, and east to Kyrgyzstan. It was introduced to North America as an ornamental shrub in the early 19th century or perhaps before.

Rhamnus cathartica

Medical use

Economic importance of Rhamnus cathartica

Harmful organism host crop diseases
Environmental shade/shelter
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnus cathartica

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States

Biological activities

Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Frangulin-b found in Bark
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fructose found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fructose found in Fruit
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Alaternin found in Stem Bark (120 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Physcion found in Stem Bark (180 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chrysophanic-acid found in Stem Bark (10 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitussive
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiwart
Chelidonic-acid found in Fruit
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Alaternin found in Stem Bark (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chrysophanic-acid found in Stem Bark (10 ppm)
Frangulaemodin found in Stem Bark (360 ppm)
Physcion found in Stem Bark (180 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cathartic
Physcion found in Stem Bark (180 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Pectin found in Fruit
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Demulcent
Pectin found in Fruit
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fungicide
Chrysophanic-acid found in Stem Bark (10 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Hemostat
Pectin found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Irritant
Chelidonic-acid found in Fruit
Keratitigenic
Chrysophanic-acid found in Stem Bark (10 ppm)
Laxative
Fructose found in Fruit
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit
Occuloirritant
Chrysophanic-acid found in Stem Bark (10 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chrysophanic-acid found in Stem Bark (10 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Physcion found in Stem Bark (180 ppm)
Purgative
Physcion found in Stem Bark (180 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alaternin Stem Bark 120
Antharacenes Fruit
Anthracenes Bark 26,500
Ascorbic-acid Fruit
Leaf
Catharticin Fruit
Chelidonic-acid Fruit
Chrysophanic-acid Stem Bark 10
Emodin-8-o-beta-d-glucoside Stem Bark
Emodin-8-o-beta-gentiobioside Stem Bark 35
Emodin-8-o-beta-primveroside Stem Bark 25
Frangulaemodin Stem Bark 360
Frangulin-a Bark
Frangulin-b Bark
Fructose Fruit
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-rhamnoside Fruit
Pectin Fruit
Physcion Stem Bark 180
Protein Seed 200,000
Quercetin-3-o-beta-rhamnoside Fruit
Rhamnetin-3-o-beta-rhamnoside Fruit
Rhamnetin-3-rhamnoside Fruit
Xanthorhamnin Fruit
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]