Rauvolfia vomitoria Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
African serpentwood African snakeroot poison devil-pepper swizzle-stick-tree

Rauvolfia vomitoria, the poison devil's pepper, is a plant species in the genus Rauvolfia. It is native to tropical Africa from Senegal east to Sudan + Tanzania, south to Angola; and naturalized in China, Bangladesh, and Puerto Rico 2,6-Dimethoxybenzoquinone is a benzoquinone, a toxic chemical compound found in R. vomitoria. Every part of the tree is toxic.

Rauvolfia vomitoria

Medical use

Economic importance of Rauvolfia vomitoria

Environmental shade/shelter
Medicines source of reserpine
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria Rauvolfia vomitoria

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Gabon; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Reserpine found in Root
Adrenergic-Blocker
Yohimbine found in Plant
Adrenolytic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmaline found in Root
Yohimbine found in Plant
Allergenic
Ajmaline found in Root
Amebicide
Aricine found in Leaf
Anesthetic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Reserpine found in Root
Antiaggregant
Ajmalicine found in Root
Antiamebic
Alstonine found in Root
Antianginal
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Ajmaline found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antibacterial
Alstonine found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Reserpine found in Root
Antidepressant
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antidiuretic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antidopaminergic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antidote
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Reserpine found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmaline found in Root
Rescinnamine found in Root
Reserpiline found in Root
Reserpine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antihypertonic
Ajmaline found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiketaminic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antileukemic
Reserpine found in Root
Antimalarial
Alpha-yohimbine found in Plant
Antimigraine
Reserpine found in Root
Antineoplastic
Alstonine found in Root
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiophidic
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antioxidant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiparaesthesic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-yohimbine found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Reserpine found in Root
Antipyretic
Reserpine found in Root
Antischizophrenic
Reserpine found in Root
Antiserotonin
Yohimbine found in Plant
Antistress
Reserpine found in Root
Antitumor
Reserpine found in Root
Antiviral
Stigmasterol found in Root
Anxiogenic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Aphrodisiac
Yohimbine found in Plant
Artemicide
Stigmasterol found in Root
Bradycardic
Reserpine found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Ajmalicine found in Root
Isoreserpiline found in Leaf
Picrinine found in Leaf
Reserpine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Yohimbine found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ajmaline found in Root
Reserpine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Stigmasterol found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Ajmaline found in Root
Cardiotonic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Ajmaline found in Root
Isoreserpiline found in Leaf
Cardiovascular
Yohimbine found in Plant
Catecholaminolytic
Reserpine found in Root
Cerebrocirculant
Ajmalicine found in Root
Cholinergic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Circulotonic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Convulsant
Ajmaline found in Root
Coronary-Dilator
Ajmaline found in Root
Cytotoxic
Aricine found in Leaf
Emetic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Estrogenic
Stigmasterol found in Root
Fungicide
Alstonine found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Reserpine found in Root
Hypertensive
Yohimbine found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Tetrahydroalstonine found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmaline found in Root
Ajmalinine found in Root
Isoreserpiline found in Leaf
Reserpine found in Root
Hypothermic
Reserpine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Yohimbine found in Plant
MDR-Inhibitor
Reserpine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Plant
Mydriatic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Myocardiodepressant
Ajmaline found in Root
Nephrovasodilator
Ajmalinine found in Root
Neurotoxic
Ajmaline found in Root
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Parasympathetic
Isoreserpiline found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Ajmaline found in Root
Reserpine found in Root
Pesticide
Alstonine found in Root
Aricine found in Leaf
Respirastimulant
Ajmaline found in Root
Respirodepressant
Yohimbine found in Plant
Respirostimulant
Yohimbine found in Plant
Rhinorreic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Rodenticide
Reserpine found in Root
Sedative
Rescinnamine found in Root
Reserpine found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Serotoninolytic
Reserpine found in Root
Sialogogue
Yohimbine found in Plant
Sympatholytic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmalinine found in Root
Teratogenic
Reserpine found in Root
Tranquilizer
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmaline found in Root
Rescinnamine found in Root
Reserpine found in Root
Tremorigenic
Yohimbine found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Reserpine found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Reserpine found in Root
Uterotonic
Reserpine found in Root
Vasoconstrictor
Reserpine found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]