Raphanus sativus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese radish fodder radish garden radish Japanese radish oil radish Oriental radish radish rat-tail radish serpent radish small radish tail-pod radish turnip radish
Raphanus sativus

Medical use

Economic importance of Raphanus sativus

Gene sources cytoplasmic male sterility for cabage/kale cytoplasmic male sterility for mustard tertiary genetic relative of Abysinian cabage tertiary genetic relative of arugula tertiary genetic relative of black mustard tertiary genetic relative of cabage/kale tertiary genetic relative of mustard tertiary genetic relative of rape tertiary genetic relative of turnip tertiary genetic relative of white mustard
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus Raphanus sativus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Limpopo
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Kuwait; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Turkey
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Norway
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary
    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
    • Southeastern Europe: Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Barbados; Bermuda; Cuba; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay - Misiones; Uruguay

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Root (970 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (64 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root
Selenium found in Root
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Root (4455 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (8720 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (8720 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Root (0.71 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (295 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Root (189 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root (6785 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (18 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (295 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Root (189 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (425 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (18 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Raphanin found in Seed
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (295 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Root (189 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (295 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Root (189 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (4455 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (18 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Pufa found in Root (8720 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Plant
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (7170 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Valine found in Root (6200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (25580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (18 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Sinigrin found in Seed
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Root
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Lysine found in Root (6785 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Root (970 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (25580 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (18 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (25580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Root
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (295 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Root (189 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root (9300 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root (425 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Boron found in Root (64 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Boron found in Root (64 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (10526 ppm);found in Root (5850 ppm);found in Leaf (2609 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (425 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Spermine found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (4455 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Root (5815 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Root (8720 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (25580 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root (1355 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root (25580 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (4455 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (185 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Erucic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (5620 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (185 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Root (4455 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (25580 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (10526 ppm);found in Root (5850 ppm);found in Leaf (2609 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Plant
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.3 ppm);found in Root (9.3 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Serine found in Root (4070 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Sinigrin found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (185 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Silicon found in Root (425 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-2E1-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (185 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root
Essential
Histidine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Root (5815 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (7170 ppm)
Lysine found in Root (6785 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (5620 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Valine found in Root (6200 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Root (64 ppm)
FLavor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
N-butyraldehyde found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (5620 ppm)
Valine found in Root (6200 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Raphanin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Hormone
Indole-acetic-acid found in Root
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Root (0.57 ppm)
Sodium found in Fruit (495 ppm);found in Root (5020 ppm);found in Seed (134 ppm);found in Leaf (9565 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Plant
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root (6785 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Root (1355 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (20 ppm);found in Seed (40 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (10526 ppm);found in Root (5850 ppm);found in Leaf (2609 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Root (0.71 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Irritant
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Larvicide
Sinigrin found in Seed
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Lipolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Cadmium found in Root (0.57 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (0.14 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root (4455 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Mutagenic
Sinigrin found in Seed
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Root (0.57 ppm)
Mercury found in Root (0.014 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (9300 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (25580 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Selenium found in Root
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (10526 ppm);found in Root (5850 ppm);found in Leaf (2609 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (2520 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Perfumery
Isobutyraldehyde found in Leaf
Mufa found in Root (3295 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (185 ppm)
Arsenic found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Raphanin found in Seed
Selenium found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Sinigrin found in Seed
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (7.9 ppm);found in Root (9.7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Sinigrin found in Seed
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (295 ppm);found in Seed (120 ppm);found in Root (189 ppm);found in Leaf (357 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root (3100 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Glucobrassicin found in Plant
Glucoraphanin found in Root
Sinigrin found in Seed
Radioprotective
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (9300 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (6140 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (8 ppm);found in Seed (6 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root (5040 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root (775 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Root (4455 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Triglycerolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Root
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Root (775 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (26.2 ppm);found in Leaf (214 ppm);found in Root (1 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (4265 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Root (1355 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Root (16 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Root (92 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (10130 ppm);found in Root (8570 ppm);found in Leaf (19130 ppm);found in Seed (3670 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (147000 ppm);found in Leaf (96000 ppm);found in Root (176000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3570 ppm);found in Seed (3960 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (59 ppm);found in Root (68 ppm);found in Leaf (348 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (20495 ppm);found in Seed (11900 ppm);found in Root (85700 ppm);found in Leaf (43478 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (7822 ppm);found in Leaf (7043 ppm);found in Root (6216 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (72 ppm);found in Seed (29 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (91 ppm)
Folacin found in Root (5.8 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
4-methylsulfoxidebuten-(3)-yl-cyanide Seed 200
Alanine Root 220 4,265
Aluminum Root 6 185
Arginine Plant
Arsenic Root
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 690 7,822
Leaf 810 7,043
Root 226 6,216
Ash Root 10,000 185,700
Aspartic-acid Root 480 9,300
Beta-carotene Fruit 0.3 26.2
Leaf 24.7 214
Root 0 1
Beta-hexylaldehyde Seed
Boron Root 0.6 64
Bromine Root
Cadmium Root 0.005 0.57
Caffeic-acid Root 91
Calcium Fruit 260 10,130
Root 190 8,570
Leaf 2,380 19,130
Seed 3,670
Carbohydrates Fruit 54,000 701,000
Leaf 57,000 496,000
Root 36,000 757,000
Chromium Root 0.01 0.14
Cobalt Root
Copper Root 0.3 8
Seed 6
Cystine Root 50 970
Diallyl-sulfide Root
Erucic-acid Seed
Fat Fruit 3,000 50,000
Leaf 6,000 52,000
Seed 298,000 410,000
Root 1,000 187,000
Ferulic-acid Root 16
Fiber Fruit 11,000 147,000
Leaf 11,000 96,000
Root 5,200 176,000
Fluorine Root
Folacin Root 0.3 5.8
Glucobrassicin Plant
Glucocapparin Seed
Glucolepidiin Seed
Glucoputranjivin Root
Glucoraphanin Root
Glutamic-acid Root 1,320 25,580
Glycerol-sinapate Seed
Glycine Root 220 4,265
Histidine Root 130 2,520
Indole-acetic-acid Root
Indoleacetonitrile Root
Iron Fruit 4 295
Seed 120
Root 2 189
Leaf 41 357
Isobutyraldehyde Leaf
Isoleucine Root 300 5,815
Kilocalories Fruit 340 3,370
Leaf 330 2,870
Root 170 3,510
L-sulforaphene Root
Lead Root 0.01 0.57
Leucine Root 370 7,170
Linoleic-acid Root 160 3,100
Linolenic-acid Root 290 5,620
Lysine Root 350 6,785
Magnesium Root 85 3,570
Seed 3,960
Manganese Root 0.5 20
Seed 40
Mercury Root 0 0.014
Methionine Root 70 1,355
Methyl-mercaptan Seed
Molybdenum Root
Mufa Root 170 3,295
Myristic-acid Root
N-butyraldehyde Leaf
Niacin Fruit 2 59
Root 3 68
Leaf 40 348
Nickel Root 0.01 0.71
Nitrogen Root 2,000 38,570
Oleic-acid Root 160 3,100
Oxalic-acid Root 92
P-coumaric-acid Root 91
Palmitic-acid Root 260 5,040
Pantothenic-acid Root 0.8 18
Phenylalanine Root 230 4,455
Phosphorus Fruit 240 10,526
Root 160 5,850
Leaf 300 2,609
Phytosterols Root 70 1,355
Potassium Fruit 2,070 20,495
Seed 11,900
Root 2,215 85,700
Leaf 5,000 43,478
Proline Root 180 3,490
Protein Fruit 13,000 257,000
Root 5,260 182,000
Leaf 33,000 287,000
Seed 236,000 336,000
Pufa Root 450 8,720
Putrescine Leaf
Raphanin Seed
Raphanusin-a Root
Raphanusin-b Root
Raphanusin-c Root
Raphanusin-d Root
Riboflavin Fruit 0.3 5.3
Root 0.3 9.3
Leaf 2.6 24
Rubidium Root 0.44 15.7
S-methyl-l-cysteinsulfoxide Root
Selenium Root
Serine Root 210 4,070
Silicon Root 10 425
Sinapic-acid Root
Sinigrin Seed
Sodium Fruit 50 495
Root 100 5,020
Seed 134
Leaf 1,100 9,565
Spermine Leaf
Sperminidine Leaf
Stearic-acid Root 40 775
Sulfur Root 350 6,140
Thiamin Fruit 0.3 7.9
Root 0.3 9.7
Leaf 1.4 7
Threonine Root 290 5,620
Triacontane Seed
Tryptophan Root 40 775
Tyrosine Root 130 2,520
Valine Root 320 6,200
Vit-b-6 Root 0.7 14.5
Water Fruit 899,000 923,000
Root 926,000 945,000
Leaf 856,000
Zinc Root 2 72
Seed 29
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]