Quercus infectoria Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Asian holly oak

Quercus infectoria is a species of oak, bearing galls that were traditionally used medicinally.

Quercus infectoria

Medical use

Economic importance of Quercus infectoria

Environmental ornamental
Materials tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria Quercus infectoria

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antiallergic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiophidic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antioxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antirhinitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiviral
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Estrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Fungicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pesticide
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Beta-d-glucogallin Plant
Cyclogallipharic-acid Plant
Ellagic-acid Plant
Gallic-acid Fruit 20,000 40,000
Gallotannic-acid Plant
Glucogallic-acid Plant
Hexa-hepta-galloyl-glucose Plant
M-digallic-acid Plant
Pentadigalloylglucose Plant
Quercetin Leaf
Tannic-acid Plant
Tannin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]