Populus balsamifera Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
balsam poplar bamtree eastern balsam poplar hackmatack tacamahac poplar tacamahaca

Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". Other common names for the species include heartleaf balsam poplar, and Ontario balsam poplar. The black cottonwood, Populus trichocarpa, is sometimes considered a subspecies of P. balsamifera and may lend its common name to this species, although the black poplars and cottonwoods of Populus sect. Aigeiros are not closely related. Populus balsamifera is the northernmost American hardwood, growing transcontinentally on boreal and montane upland and flood plain sites, and attaining its best development on flood plains. It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, but some trees as old as 200 years have been found. The Balm-of-Gilead, also known as P. × gileadensis, is the hybrid between P. balsamifera and the eastern cottonwood, occurring occasionally where the two parental species' ranges overlap.

Populus balsamifera

Medical use

Economic importance of Populus balsamifera

Food additives flavoring flavoring
Environmental ornamental ornamental
Materials wod wod
Medicines folklore folklore

Gallery

Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nunavut, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut , Indiana , Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio , Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Iowa , Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Montana, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware

Biological activities

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Salicortin found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Anesthetic
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiacne
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antibacterial
Acetophenone found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Anticoagulant
D-catechin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antifeedant
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiinflammatory
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antimalarial
Humulene found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
N-nonacosane found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodic
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Humulene found in Plant
Antipodagric
Populin found in Plant
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antipyretic
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antirheumatic
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antirhinoviral
Ar-curcumene found in Plant
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ar-curcumene found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Antiviral
Ar-curcumene found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cancer-Preventive
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
D-catechin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cardiotonic
D-catechin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Bark
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
FEMA
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Essential Oil
FLavor
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Fungicide
Acetophenone found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Trichocarpin found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Hypnotic
Acetophenone found in Essential Oil
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Irritant
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Laxative
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Perfumery
Acetophenone found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Pesticide
Acetophenone found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Farnesene found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Trichocarpin found in Leaf
Pheromone
Farnesene found in Essential Oil
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Soporific
Acetophenone found in Essential Oil
Stomachic
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Teratogenic
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Plant
Tonic
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Uterorelaxant
Salicin found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Vasoconstrictor
D-catechin found in Leaf
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Essential Oil

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]