Piper cubeba Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
cubeb cubeb pepper Java pepper
Piper cubeba

Medical use

Economic importance of Piper cubeba

Food additives flavoring
Materials lipids
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Piper cubeba Piper cubeba Piper cubeba Piper cubeba Piper cubeba Piper cubeba Piper cubeba Piper cubeba Piper cubeba

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Indonesia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit
AHH-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
ATPase-Stimulant
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Abortifacient
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Adrenergic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Dipentene found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
Analeptic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Sabinol found in Fruit
AntiSubstance-P
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Fruit
Antiaflatoxin
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Safrole found in Fruit
Antiallergenic
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Azulene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Fruit
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Azulene found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Dipentene found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Fruit (9200 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Asarone found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antielleptic
Asarone found in Fruit
Antienzymatic
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Fruit
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Cadinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (140000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antifertility
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (2400 ppm)
Antiglucuronidase
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Fruit
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Fruit (9200 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Azulene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Antiimplantation
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Azulene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Linalool found in Fruit
Antilithic
Limonene found in Fruit
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Antimalarial
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Humulene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Fruit
Antimelanomic
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antimite
Linalool found in Fruit
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antinarcotic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Fruit
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Antioxidant
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Humulene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Beta-elemene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (2400 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Asarone found in Fruit
Azulene found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Antireproductive
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Azulene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Fruit (9200 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Fruit
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Asarone found in Fruit
Azulene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Antitumor
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Azulene found in Fruit
Beta-bisabolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Fruit (9200 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Dipentene found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (10000 ppm);found in Fruit (2400 ppm)
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Fruit
Aryl-Hydrocarbon-Hydroxylase-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Fruit
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Fruit
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Asarone found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Cardiodepressant
Asarone found in Fruit
Cardiotonic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Carminative
Copaene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (81000 ppm);found in Fruit (20800 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Catecholaminogenic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Fruit
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Fruit
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Fruit
Cytotoxic
Linalool found in Fruit
DNA-Binder
Safrole found in Fruit
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Fruit
Diaphoretic
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Diuretic
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Asarone found in Fruit
Emmenagogue
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Sabinol found in Fruit
Endorphinogenic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Fruit
Epinephrininergic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit
Dipentene found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Cadinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (140000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Asarone found in Fruit
Beta-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Fruit
Fungistat
Limonene found in Fruit
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Fruit
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Safrole found in Fruit
Hepatoprotective
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Hepatoregenerative
Azulene found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Hepatotropic
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Histaminic
Limonene found in Fruit
Hypertensive
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Hypothalmic-Depressant
Asarone found in Fruit
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Safrole found in Fruit
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Fruit
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Ocimene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Intoxicant
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Dipentene found in Fruit
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Safrole found in Fruit
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Fruit
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Monooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cubebin found in Fruit (25000 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Mutagenic
Asarone found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Myocontractant
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Asarone found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Fruit
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Fruit
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Parasiticide
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Safrole found in Fruit
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Beta-bisabolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Cadinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (140000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
Ocimene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Sabinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Fruit (9200 ppm)
Sabinol found in Fruit
Safrole found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Fruit
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Asarone found in Fruit
Azulene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Cadinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (140000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
D-limonene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Dipentene found in Fruit
Gamma-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Nerolidol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (36000 ppm);found in Fruit (7000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Sabinol found in Fruit
Safrole found in Fruit
Terpineol found in Fruit Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Fruit
Psychoactive
Asarone found in Fruit
Safrole found in Fruit
Respirostimulant
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Secretolytic
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Asarone found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Dipentene found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Linalool found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Serotoninergic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Spermigenic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Spinoconvulsant
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Stimulant
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (20000 ppm);found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Synergist
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (7400 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Fruit (17600 ppm)
Thermogenic
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Thyrostimulant
Piperine found in Fruit (4000 ppm)
Toxic
Sabinol found in Fruit
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Asarone found in Fruit
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil (130000 ppm);found in Fruit (2200 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Fruit
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Linalool found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit Essent. Oil
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Fruit
Urate-Solvent
Piperidine found in Fruit (2600 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Cubebic-acid found in Fruit (17000 ppm)
Cubebin found in Fruit (25000 ppm)
Urinary-Stimulant
Cubebin found in Fruit (25000 ppm)
Uterotonic
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Vasodilator
Apiole found in Fruit (600 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-4-iso-propyl-1-methyl-cyclohex-1-en-4-ol Fruit Essent. Oil
(+)-car-4-ene Fruit Essent. Oil
(+)-crotepoxide Fruit 23,750
(+)-sabinene Fruit Essent. Oil
(+)-sesamin Fruit 8,000
(+)-zeylenol Fruit 3,000
(-)-5"-o-methoxy-hinokinin Fruit
(-)-cadinene Fruit Essent. Oil
(-)-clusin Fruit
(-)-cubebinin Fruit
(-)-cubebininolide Fruit
(-)-cubebinone Fruit
(-)-di-o-methyl-thujaplicatin methyl ether Fruit
(-)-dihydro-clusin Fruit
(-)-dihydro-cubebin Fruit
(-)-hinokinin Fruit
(-)-isoyatein Fruit
(-)-yatein Fruit
1,4-cineole Fruit 300 1,200
1,8-cineol Fruit Essent. Oil 3,000
1,8-cineole Fruit 700 1,400
1-4-cineol Fruit Essent. Oil
1-isopropyl-4-methylene-7-methyl-1,2,3,6,7,8,9-heptahydro... Plant
10-(alpha)-cadinol Fruit 1,000 2,000
2,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde Fruit
3(r)-3'-4'-dimethoxy-benzyl-2(r)-3"-4"-methylenedioxy-benzyl-butyrolactone Fruit
Allo-aromadendrene Fruit Essent. Oil 50,000
Fruit 4,200 8,400
Alpha-cubebene Fruit Essent. Oil 51,000
Fruit 7,100 14,200
Alpha-muurolene Fruit 1,200 2,400
Alpha-o-ethyl-cubebin Fruit
Alpha-phellandrene Fruit Essent. Oil
Fruit
Alpha-pinene Fruit Essent. Oil 3,000 130,000
Fruit 1,100 2,200
Alpha-terpinene Fruit Essent. Oil
Fruit
Alpha-terpineol Fruit
Alpha-thujene Fruit Essent. Oil 120,000 130,000
Fruit 1,100 2,200
Apiole Fruit 300 600
Asarone Fruit
Aschantin Fruit 2,000
Azulene Fruit
Beta-bisabolene Fruit Essent. Oil 20,000
Fruit 1,500 3,000
Beta-caryophyllene Fruit Essent. Oil 34,000
Beta-cubebene Fruit Essent. Oil 2,000
Fruit 11,000 22,000
Beta-elemene Fruit Essent. Oil 10,000
Fruit 1,200 2,400
Beta-o-ethyl-cubebin Fruit
Beta-phellandrene Fruit Essent. Oil 120,000 130,000
Fruit
Beta-pinene Fruit Essent. Oil
Fruit
Bicyclosesquiphellandrene Essential Oil
Plant
Cadina-1-9(15)-diene Essential Oil
Cadinene Fruit Essent. Oil 40,000 140,000
Calamene Fruit Essent. Oil 10,000
Calamenene Fruit 3,700 7,400
Caryophyllene Fruit 3,700 7,400
Cesarone Fruit 3,700 4,700
Cineol Fruit Essent. Oil
Copaene Fruit Essent. Oil 81,000
Fruit 10,400 20,800
Essential Oil
Cubebic-acid Fruit 10,000 17,000
Cubebin Fruit 25,000
Cubebinolide Fruit
Cubebol Fruit Essent. Oil 309,000
Fruit 10,000 20,000
Cubenol Fruit 1,750 3,500
D-delta-4-carene Fruit 300 1,200
D-limonene Fruit Essent. Oil
Delta-cadinene Fruit 8,800 17,600
Dillapiole Fruit
Dipentene Fruit
Eo Fruit Essent. Oil 118,500
Fruit 50,000 200,000
Epicubenol Fruit Essent. Oil
Fruit 1,750 3,500
Gamma-humulene Fruit
Gamma-terpinene Fruit Essent. Oil
Fruit
Gum Fruit 80,000
Hemi-ariensin Fruit
Heterotropan Fruit
Humulene Fruit Essent. Oil 42,000
L-cadinol Fruit 150 600
Ledol Fruit
Limonene Fruit
Linalool Fruit
Manosalin Fruit
Muurolene Fruit Essent. Oil 17,000
Myrcene Fruit Essent. Oil
Fruit
Nerolidol Fruit Essent. Oil 36,000
Fruit 3,500 7,000
Ocimene Fruit Essent. Oil
Fruit
P-cymene Fruit Essent. Oil
Piperenol a Fruit 1,500
Piperenol b Fruit 500
Piperidine Fruit 1,400 2,600
Piperine Fruit 2,000 4,000
Resinoids Fruit 64,000 85,000
Resins Fruit 30,000 37,000
Sabinene Fruit Essent. Oil 7,000 470,000
Fruit 4,600 9,200
Sabinol Fruit
Safrole Fruit
Terpineol Fruit Essent. Oil 23,000
Terpinolene Fruit Essent. Oil
Trans-terpinene Fruit Essent. Oil
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]