Pinus pinea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Italian stone pine parasol pine pignolia-nut pine stone pine umbrella pine
Pinus pinea

Medical use

Economic importance of Pinus pinea

Environmental ornamental
Human food seds

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Lebanon; Turkey
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (2230 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (17920 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (4660 ppm)
Allergenic
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Analgesic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (12800 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
AntiLyme
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (228730 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (228730 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (9655 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (7475 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antidementia
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (228730 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (20600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (11400 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (15300 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (59800 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Antihangover
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Lysine found in Seed (9655 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (4660 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (59800 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (59800 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antimigraine
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (26000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (7475 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (5445 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (7475 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (11400 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (11400 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiplaque
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Seed (228730 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (59800 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed (1510 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antipyretic
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (59800 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (7475 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (8190 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (11400 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (7475 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (59800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (5445 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Serine found in Seed (15300 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (11400 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Choleretic
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (17920 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (7475 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (10700 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (20600 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (9655 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (8190 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (15300 ppm)
FLavor
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (17920 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (8190 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (15300 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (43 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (9655 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Seed (1510 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (17920 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Seed (5445 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Irritant
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (17920 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (11400 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (26000 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (59800 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (5445 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (7475 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Seed (204435 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (17920 ppm)
Pesticide
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Seed (100 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (221725 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (191835 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (17920 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (26000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (11 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (39350 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (2230 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (17920 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (12800 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (3250 ppm)
Uricosuric
Glycine found in Seed (15000 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (6050 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed (71600 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (280 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (38 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (6420 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Seed (46 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Seed 12,540 15,000
Arginine Seed 46,680 71,600
Ash Seed 43,000 47,155
Aspartic-acid Seed 21,870 26,000
Calcium Seed 260 280
Carbohydrates Seed 116,000 152,415
Copper Seed 10 11
Cystine Seed 4,350 4,660
Fat Seed 474,000 560,500
Fiber Seed 8,000 10,000
Gadoleic-acid Seed 9,680 10,375
Glutamic-acid Seed 40,840 59,800
Glycine Seed 12,230 15,000
Histidine Seed 5,750 7,475
Iron Seed 92 100
Isoleucine Seed 9,330 10,700
Kilocalories Seed 5,150 5,850
Leucine Seed 17,300 20,600
Linoleic-acid Seed 206,890 221,725
Linolenic-acid Seed 6,540 7,010
Lysine Seed 9,010 9,655
Methionine Seed 4,300 6,050
Mufa Seed 190,760 204,435
Niacin Seed 35 38
Oleic-acid Seed 179,000 191,835
Palmitic-acid Seed 36,720 39,350
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 2,080 2,230
Phenylalanine Seed 9,190 12,800
Phosphorus Seed 5,080 5,445
Phytosterols Seed 1,410 1,510
Potassium Seed 5,990 6,420
Proline Seed 12,900 13,900
Protein Seed 240,000 356,000
Pufa Seed 213,430 228,730
Riboflavin Seed 2 3
Salicylates Seed 5 6
Serine Seed 10,190 15,300
Sfa Seed 77,970 83,560
Sodium Seed 40 43
Stearic-acid Seed 16,720 17,920
Thiamin Seed 6 9
Threonine Seed 7,610 8,190
Tryptophan Seed 3,030 3,250
Tyrosine Seed 8,780 11,400
Valine Seed 12,410 15,300
Water Seed 56,000 69,750
Zinc Seed 42 46
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]