Pinus edulis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American pinon Colorado pinyon pignolia pinyon pinyon pine

Pinus edulis, the Colorado pinyon, two-needle pinyon, or piñon pine, is a pine in the pinyon pine group whose ancestor was a member of the Madro-Tertiary Geoflora and is native to the United States.

Pinus edulis

Medical use

Economic importance of Pinus edulis

Environmental ornamental
Human food seds
Fuels fuelwod

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California , Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (2655 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21400 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Seed (2230 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Allergenic
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4710 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (272775 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (272775 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (37 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (4615 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (37 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (2945 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Anticancer
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (37 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (37 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4710 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Pufa found in Seed (272775 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (8865 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4505 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (6255 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (20925 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (4615 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Seed (2230 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (20925 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (20925 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antilupus
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antimastitic
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (37 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (11200 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (2945 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (590 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (6430 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (2945 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antiozenic
Antipapillomic
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4710 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4505 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (4780 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4505 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Seed (272775 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (20925 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (20925 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4710 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (2945 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (3900 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4505 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (2945 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4710 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (20925 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (590 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
COX-2-Inhibitor
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed (6430 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (3 ppm)
Serine found in Seed (5220 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4505 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Choleretic
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Colorant
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21400 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (2945 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (4780 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (8865 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (4615 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (3900 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (6255 ppm)
FLavor
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21400 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (3900 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (6255 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (860 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (4615 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21400 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (590 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Irritant
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21400 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4710 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed (4505 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (11200 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed (20925 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (590 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (6430 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (2945 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Perfumery
Mufa found in Seed (243800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21400 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Seed (37 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (264420 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (228780 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21400 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Seed (11200 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (12 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (46930 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (2655 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (21400 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4710 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (1550 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Glycine found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (6 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed (23920 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (117 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (53100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (46 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (7853 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (50 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
8,9-isopimaric-acid Plant
Alanine Seed 6,050 6,430
Arginine Seed 22,510 23,920
Ascorbic-acid Seed 20 21
Ash Seed 22,600 27,000
Aspartic-acid Seed 10,540 11,200
Calcium Seed 59 117
Carbohydrates Seed 131,700 205,100
Copper Seed 10 12
Cystine Seed 2,100 2,230
Fat Seed 609,000 648,035
Fiber Seed 11,000 53,100
Gadoleic-acid Seed 11,640 12,370
Glutamic-acid Seed 19,690 20,925
Glycine Seed 5,890 6,260
Hemicellulose Seed 56,000
Histidine Seed 2,770 2,945
Iron Seed 28 37
Isoleucine Seed 4,500 4,780
Kilocalories Seed 5,680 7,140
Leucine Seed 8,340 8,865
Linoleic-acid Seed 248,820 264,420
Linolenic-acid Seed 7,870 8,365
Lysine Seed 4,340 4,615
Magnesium Seed 2,180 2,650
Methionine Seed 2,070 2,200
Mufa Seed 229,420 243,800
Niacin Seed 43 46
Oleic-acid Seed 215,280 228,780
Palmitic-acid Seed 44,160 46,930
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 2,500 2,655
Phenylalanine Seed 4,430 4,710
Phosphorus Seed 145 590
Potassium Seed 5,600 7,853
Proline Seed 6,220 6,610
Prptein Seed 115,700 154,100
Pufa Seed 256,680 272,775
Riboflavin Seed 2 3
Salicylates Seed 5 6
Serine Seed 4,910 5,220
Sfa Seed 93,770 99,650
Sodium Seed 675 860
Stearic-acid Seed 20,110 21,400
Thiamin Seed 12 13
Threonine Seed 3,670 3,900
Tryptophan Seed 1,460 1,550
Tyrosine Seed 4,240 4,505
Valine Seed 5,980 6,255
Water Seed 30,000 59,000
Zinc Seed 40 50
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]