Phytolacca americana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
pigeonberry poke pokeberry pokeroot pokeweed Virginia poke
Phytolacca americana

Medical use

Economic importance of Phytolacca americana

Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana Phytolacca americana

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa , Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska , Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Absorbent
Starch found in Root
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit (46000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Shoot (202 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Shoot (202 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Shoot (202 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Shoot (202 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Xylose found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Root
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Root
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit (46000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antifeedant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (46000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-spinasterol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Jaligonic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (46000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Shoot (202 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Root
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (5238 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Betanin found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Betanin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit (46000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Antiviral
Anthocyanin found in Fruit (93000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (5238 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Shoot (39 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Candidicide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Root
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Convulsant
Phytolaccatoxin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Root
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Jaligonic-acid found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Dye
Xylose found in Root
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Emollient
Starch found in Root
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Leaf
FLavor
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Fungicide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Heme-Sparing
Betanin found in Shoot
Hemostat
Anthocyanin found in Fruit (93000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Americanin found in Seed
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Americanin found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit (46000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Phytolaccatoxin found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Shoot (5238 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Insectifuge
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Irritant
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Laxative
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Fructose found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Betanin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Root
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit (46000 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Shoot (5238 ppm)
Perfumery
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Pesticide
Anthocyanin found in Fruit (93000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root
Thiamin found in Shoot (10 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Pigment
Betanin found in Shoot
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Poultice
Starch found in Root
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Iron found in Shoot (202 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Respirastimulant
Phytolaccatoxin found in Plant
Sedative
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit (14000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Fruit
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (621 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Calcium found in Shoot (6307 ppm)
Niacin found in Shoot (143 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (16184 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3-acetylaleuritolic-acid Seed
3-acetyloleanolic-acid Seed
3-oxo-3-carbomethoxy-24-norolean-12-en-29-oic-acid Plant
Alkaloids Fruit 22,000
Alpha-spinasterol Fruit
Americanin Seed
Anthocyanin Fruit 93,000
Ascorbic-acid Shoot 1,360 16,184
Astragalin Leaf
Beta-carotene Shoot 52 621
Betanin Shoot
Caffeic-aldehyde Plant
Calcium Shoot 530 6,307
Calcium-oxalate Plant
Carbohydrates Shoot 37,000 441,000
Caryophyllene Fruit
Esculentic-acid Fruit
Fat Shoot 4,000 48,000
Fructose Fruit 14,000
Glucose Fruit 46,000
Gum Root
Hemicellulose Root
Iron Shoot 17 202
Isobetanine Fruit
Isoprebetanine Fruit
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Jaligonic-acid Root
Niacin Shoot 12 143
Oleanolic-acid Root
Oxymyristic-acid Root
Pap(=pokeweed-antiviral-protein) Plant
Phosphorus Shoot 440 5,238
Phytolaccagenic-acid Root
Phytolaccagenin Root
Phytolaccanin Plant
Phytolaccasaponins Plant
Phytolaccaside Plant
Phytolaccatoxin Plant
Phytolaccin Plant
Phytolaccinic-acid Plant
Phytolaccogenic-acid Plant
Pokeberrygenin Plant
Pokeweed-antiviral-protein Plant
Prebetanine Fruit
Protein Shoot 26,000 311,000
Quercetin-3-l-arabino-7-d-glucoside Fruit
Resin Root
Riboflavin Shoot 3 39
Starch Root
Tannin Root
Thiamin Shoot 1 10
Water Shoot 916,000
Xylose Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]