Phellodendron amurense Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Amur corktree Chinese corktree phellodendron phellodendron-bark

Phellodendron amurense Rupr. is a species of tree in the family Rutaceae, commonly called the Amur cork tree. It is a major source of huáng bò, one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine. The Ainu people used this plant, called shikerebe-ni, as a painkiller. Native to eastern Asia; northern China, Manchuria, Korea, Ussuri, Amur, and Japan, the Amur cork tree is considered invasive in many parts of North America. The State of Massachusetts lists it as a noxious weed.

Phellodendron amurense

Medical use

Economic importance of Phellodendron amurense

Environmental ornamental
Materials wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense Phellodendron amurense

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Khabarovsk, Kurile Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin
    • China: China - Anhui, Beijing, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shandong, Shanxi
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    Cultivated
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye
    • China: China
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Cultivated
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Estonia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Abortifacient
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark
Adrenocorticotrophic
Palmatine found in Bark
Adrenolytic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Hyperin found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit
Allergenic
Myrcene found in Fruit
Amebicide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Analgesic
Amurensine found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Palmatine found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anesthetic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiacne
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiadrenergic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Bark (210 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiamnesic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antianemic
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Iron found in Bark (210 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antibacillus
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hyperin found in Fruit
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Myrcene found in Fruit
Palmatine found in Bark
Antibiotic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Anticancer
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Bark (210 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Anticataleptic
Limonin found in Plant
Obacunone found in Bark
Anticataract
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Bark (210 ppm)
Antichlamydial
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Anticholecystitic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Anticholera
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Palmatine found in Bark
Anticirrhotic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Anticonjunctivitic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiedemic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antienterotoxic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiesherichic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antifatigue
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Limonin found in Plant
Obacunone found in Bark
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antigiardial
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antigonorrhea
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Palmatine found in Bark
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Hyperin found in Fruit
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiischemic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Limonin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antilipogenic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antimalarial
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Limonin found in Plant
Palmatine found in Bark
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Bark (210 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antimitotic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antimuscarinic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Myrcene found in Fruit
Antimyalgic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antimyasthenic
Guanidine found in Bark
Antimycotic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antineuromuscular
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Menisperine found in Bark
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Fruit
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Campesterol found in Bark
Hyperin found in Fruit
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiphotooxidative
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Antipneumonic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antipyretic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Palmatine found in Bark
Antiradicular
Hyperin found in Fruit
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antisecretory
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antishigellic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Myrcene found in Fruit
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antispermigenic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antistrep
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antisyphilitic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antitrachomic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Antiviral
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hyperin found in Fruit
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Astringent
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Bilirubinolytic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Palmatine found in Bark
CNS-Stimulant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
COX-2-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Candidicide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Capillarifortificant
Hyperin found in Fruit
Capillarigenic
Hyperin found in Fruit
Cardiodepressant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Carminative
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Chemopreventive
Myrcene found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Cholekinetic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Choleretic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Collyrium
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Convulsant
Guanidine found in Bark
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Curare
Candicine found in Bark
Curaroid
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Digestive
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Diuretic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Hyperin found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Emetic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Enterotonic
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Epileptigenic
Candicine found in Bark
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Expectorant
Amurensine found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
FLavor
Myrcene found in Fruit
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Fungicide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Myrcene found in Fruit
Glaucomagenic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hemostat
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hyperin found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Guanidine found in Bark
Hypertensive
Candicine found in Bark
Guanidine found in Bark
Sodium found in Bark (55 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Campesterol found in Bark
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Guanidine found in Bark
Manganese found in Bark (20 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypotensive
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Hyperin found in Fruit
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Menisperine found in Bark
Palmatine found in Bark
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Fruit
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Inotropic
Palmatine found in Bark
Insectifuge
Myrcene found in Fruit
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Irritant
Myrcene found in Fruit
Lachrymatory
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Larvicide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Lipase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Mutagenic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Mydriatic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Myocardiodepressant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit
Myostimulant
Guanidine found in Bark
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Nicotinic
Candicine found in Bark
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Fruit
PAF-Inhibitor
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Paralytic
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Perfumery
Myrcene found in Fruit
Pesticide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hyperin found in Fruit
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Limonin found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Myrcene found in Fruit
Obacunone found in Bark
Palmatine found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Phototoxic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Bark (210 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Protisticide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
RNA-Depressant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
RT-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Respiradepressant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Bark (6 ppm)
Sedative
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Stomachic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Toxic
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Tranquilizer
Amurensine found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)
Trypanocide
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Uterocontractant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Uterotonic
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark
Vagostimulant
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (14100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (650 ppm)
Magnoflorine found in Bark
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm)
Vermifuge
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Vibriofuge
Berberine found in Bark (10000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Bark (26 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
7-dehydrostigmasterol Bark
Amurensine Leaf 400 10,000
Berberine Bark 8,300 10,000
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Calcium Bark 14,100
Campesterol Bark
Candicine Bark
Copper Bark 6
Dihydrophelloside Fruit
Eo Fruit
Fat Plant 517,000
Flavonoids Fruit 100,000
Guanidine Bark
Hyperin Fruit
Iron Bark 210
Jatrorrhizine Bark
Limonin Plant
Magnesium Bark 650
Magnoflorine Bark
Manganese Bark 20
Menisperine Bark
Methyl-n-heptyl-ketone Fruit
Methyl-n-nonyl-ketone Fruit
Myrcene Fruit
Nor-icarisid(8-(3-beta-glucoside-oxyisopentyl)-kaempferol Plant
Obaculactone Bark
Obacunone Bark
Palmatine Bark
Phellamuretin Leaf
Phellamurine Leaf
Phellatine Leaf
Phellavine Leaf
Phellodendrine Bark
Phellodendroside Plant
Phelloside Fruit
Potassium Bark 4,370
Protein Seed 358,000
Sodium Bark 55
Zinc Bark 26
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]