Petiveria alliacea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Congoroot garlicweed Guinea-hen-plant Guinea-hen-weed gullyroot skunkroot skunkweed strongman's-weed

Petiveria alliacea is a species of flowering plant in the pokeweed family, Phytolaccaceae, that is native to Florida and the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas in the United States, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and tropical South America. Introduced populations occur in Benin and Nigeria. It is a deeply rooted herbaceous perennial shrub growing up to 1 m in height and has small greenish piccate flowers. The roots and leaves have a strong acrid, garlic-like odor which taints the milk and meat of animals that graze on it.

Petiveria alliacea

Medical use

Economic importance of Petiveria alliacea

Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Durango, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay; Uruguay

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Root
Allelochemic
Coumarin found in Root
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Analgesic
Coumarin found in Root
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Polyphenols found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Coumarin found in Root
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antibiotic
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Root
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Anticariogenic
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Allantoin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Pinitol found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Root
Antidysenteric
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Pinitol found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Lignoceric-acid found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Allantoin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Root
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Root
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Root
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Antioxidant
Allantoin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antipeptic
Allantoin found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antipsoriac
Allantoin found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Allantoin found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antirenitic
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Antiseptic
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Trithiolaniacine found in Root
Antispasmodic
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Root
Antitumor
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Allantoin found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Root
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Coumarin found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Coumarin found in Root
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Root
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelator
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Coumarin found in Root
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Leaf
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Root
Emetic
Coumarin found in Root
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Pinitol found in Plant
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Allantoin found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Pinitol found in Plant
Trithiolaniacine found in Root
Juvabional
Coumarin found in Root
Keratolytic
Allantoin found in Plant
Larvistat
Coumarin found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Root
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Root
Perfumery
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Pesticide
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Plant
Coumarin found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Pinitol found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Phagocytotic
Coumarin found in Root
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Root
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Polyphenols found in Leaf
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Root
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Root
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Coumarin found in Root
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sunscreen
Allantoin found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Suppurative
Allantoin found in Plant
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Vulnerary
Allantoin found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]