Perilla frutescens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
beefsteak-mint beefsteakplant perilla

Perilla frutescens Britt. is a cultivated plant of the mint family Lamiaceae. It is the species identification encompassing two distinct varieties of traditional crop in East Asia: P. frutescens var. crispa the aromatic leafy herb called by its Japanese name shiso, which in turn is a loan word from Chinese: 紫蘇; pinyin: zi-su; Wade–Giles: tsu-su. The plant occurs in red or green-leaved forms. It also has a less fashionable translated name "beefsteak plant", but starting around the 1980s, with the rise of popularity of Japanese cuisine, it has become increasingly more chic for the mass media to refer to it as shiso P. frutescens var. frutescens, the oilseed crop, source of perilla oil. This variety is used as an ingredient in Korean cuisine, both "wild sesame", and "sesame leaves", which are green. It is known in Japan as egoma. The genus name perilla is also a frequently employed common name applicable to both varieties.

Perilla frutescens

Medical use

Economic importance of Perilla frutescens

Food additives flavoring
Materials lipids
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens Perilla frutescens

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India ; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Acaricide
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Prunasin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Seed
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
AntiEBV
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTNF
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Seed
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (479 ppm);found in Seed (135 ppm);found in Plant (460 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antianemic
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (479 ppm);found in Seed (135 ppm);found in Plant (460 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Seed
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (259000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Dillapiol found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticancer
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (479 ppm);found in Seed (135 ppm);found in Plant (460 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (479 ppm);found in Seed (135 ppm);found in Plant (460 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Limonene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Glucose found in Leaf
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Estrone found in Sprout Seedling
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Amygdalin found in Leaf
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antiischemic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimange
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Estrone found in Sprout Seedling
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (479 ppm);found in Seed (135 ppm);found in Plant (460 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5214 ppm);found in Seed (5339 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Estrone found in Sprout Seedling
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Aromadendrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Amygdalin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Amygdalin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Estrone found in Sprout Seedling
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Glucose found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiyeast
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5214 ppm);found in Seed (5339 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Aphrodisiac
Estrone found in Sprout Seedling
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Bitter
Amygdalin found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Bruchifuge
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Seed
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Amygdalin found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Aromadendrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Phytol found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Candidistat
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Estrone found in Sprout Seedling
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Carminative
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cerebrotoxic
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Culicide
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Cyanogenic
Amygdalin found in Leaf
Prunasin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Edematogenic
Perillaketone found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (1120 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Encephalopathic
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Enterostimulant
Perillaketone found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (1120 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Estrone found in Sprout Seedling
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Amygdalin found in Leaf
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Piperitone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (259000 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Fungistat
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Hemostat
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Piperitone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (259000 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (1429 ppm);found in Plant (204 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Manganese found in Plant (180 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Ileorelaxant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5214 ppm);found in Seed (5339 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide-Synergist
Dillapiol found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Dillapiol found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Ocimene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4500 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Piperitone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (259000 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Molluscicide
Dillapiol found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Seed
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Seed
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Seed
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myostimulant
Perillaketone found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (1120 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Seed
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5214 ppm);found in Seed (5339 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Seed
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Estragole found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Ocimene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4500 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Piperitone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (259000 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Perillaketone found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (1120 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Leaf
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Aromadendrene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot Essent. Oil (21000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Dillapiol found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Farnesene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Germacrene-d found in Shoot Essent. Oil (58000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene-oxide found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (9000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Perillyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (259000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Seed (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Pheromone
Farnesene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Shoot Essent. Oil (58000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Pigment
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Progestational
Apigenin found in Seed
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Iron found in Leaf (479 ppm);found in Seed (135 ppm);found in Plant (460 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (176000 ppm);found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Psychoactive
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Seed
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (12100 ppm);found in Seed (2300 ppm);found in Stem (2900 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm)
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Apigenin found in Seed
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Dillapiol found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Pulegone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (9000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Toxic
Amygdalin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (7000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (8000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Estrone found in Sprout Seedling
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (284000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (128000 ppm);found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
P-cymene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Isoeugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Shoot Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (26000 ppm);found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (16000 ppm)
Citral found in Essential Oil (200000 ppm);found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (313 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant ;found in Seed ;found in Shoot
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Uterotonic
Myristicin found in Leaf (3800 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Apigenin found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14071 ppm);found in Seed (3500 ppm);found in Plant (12670 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (15000 ppm);found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (3830 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (57 ppm);found in Seed (42 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (46429 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasoprotective
Anthocyanins found in Leaf
Vermicide
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Vibriocide
Perillaldehyde found in Plant (825 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower ;found in Leaf (3286 ppm);found in Seed (200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (50 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(2e,4e,63)-allofarnesene Plant
(2z,4e,63)-allofarnesene Plant
12-acetyloctadec-9-enoic-acid Leaf
3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone Plant
3(s)-hydroxy-4(r)-(1-methyl-ethenyl)-cyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxaldehyde Shoot 122
3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde Plant
3,4-dihydroxybenzoate Plant
6,7-dihydroxycoumarin Plant
Alpha-bergamotene Leaf Essent. Oil 35,000
Plant
Alpha-caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,300
Alpha-copaene Shoot Essent. Oil 12,000
Alpha-humulene Shoot Essent. Oil 13,000
Alpha-phellandrene Shoot Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene Shoot Essent. Oil 7,000
Plant
Alpha-terpineol acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 1,300
Amygdalin Leaf
Anthocyanins Leaf
Apigenin Seed
Aromadendrene Leaf Essent. Oil 3,000
Ascorbic-acid Flower
Leaf 460 3,286
Seed 0 200
Ash Leaf 20,000 143,000
Seed 10,000 85,000
Benzaldehyde Shoot Essent. Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 16,000
Beta-bourbonene Shoot Essent. Oil 12,000
Beta-carotene Leaf 44 313
Seed 7 66
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot Essent. Oil 167,000
Plant
Leaf Essent. Oil 38,000
Beta-d-glucoside-5-allyl-4-methoxy-1,2-methylenedioxy-3-phenyl Leaf 8
Beta-elemene Shoot Essent. Oil 4,000
Beta-pinene Shoot Essent. Oil 8,000
Leaf Essent. Oil 6,000
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Seed
Shoot
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Leaf 1,970 14,071
Seed 1,400 3,500
Plant 12,670
Campesterol Plant
Camphene Shoot Essent. Oil 2,000
Carbohydrate Leaf 571,000
Plant 80,000
Seed 69,000 585,000
Carvone Shoot Essent. Oil 11,000
Caryophyllene-oxide Shoot Essent. Oil 21,000
Castasterone Seed
Cis-beta-ocimene Shoot Essent. Oil
Cis-nerolidol Shoot Essent. Oil 4,000
Citral Essential Oil 200,000
Plant
Copper Plant 17
Cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside Leaf
Delphinidin Leaf
Delta-cadinene Shoot Essent. Oil 8,000
Dillapiol Leaf 2,200 3,400
Egomaketone Inflorescence
Elemicin Leaf 2,500 3,200
Elsholtziaketone Plant
Eo Leaf 10,400
Stem 500
Plant 1,000 13,000
Estragole Essential Oil
Estrone Sprout Seedling
Ethoxy-2-acetate Leaf
Farnesene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Fat Leaf 6,000
Seed 13,000 481,000
Fiber Leaf 15,000
Seed 37,000 280,000
Furylketone Plant
Geranial Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-pyrophosphate Plant
Germacrene-d Shoot Essent. Oil 58,000
Glucose Leaf
Hexan-2-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,300
Homodolicholide Seed
Iron Leaf 67 479
Seed 13 135
Plant 460
Isoegomakeketone Plant
Isoegomaketone Inflorescence
Isoeugenol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,500
Isofucosterol Seed
Limonene Shoot Essent. Oil 284,000
Leaf Essent. Oil 128,000
Plant
Limonene-oxide Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Linalool Shoot Essent. Oil 35,000
Leaf Essent. Oil 26,000
Plant
Linoleic-acid Seed Oil 176,000
Seed
Linolenic-acid Seed Oil 568,000 697,700
Seed
Shoot
Linolenic-acid-ethyl-ester Shoot
Luteolin Leaf
Seed
Magnesium Plant 3,830
Manganese Plant 180
Methyl-3,4-dihydroxybenzoate Plant
Methyl-caffeate Plant
Myrcene Shoot Essent. Oil 9,000
Leaf Essent. Oil
Myristicin Leaf 300 3,800
Naginataketone Plant
Niacin Leaf 8 57
Seed 5 42
Ocimene Leaf Essent. Oil 4,500
Octan-3-ol Shoot Essent. Oil
Octan-3-one Shoot Essent. Oil 2,000
Oleic-acid Seed
P-cymene Shoot Essent. Oil
Perilla-alcohol Plant
Perilla-aldehyde Leaf Essent. Oil 740,000
Essential Oil
Perillaketone Inflorescence
Shoot 1,120
Stem
Leaf
Perillaldehyde Plant 400 825
Perillanin-chloride Plant
Perillartine Plant
Perillene Inflorescence
Perillyl-alcohol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,600 128,000
Phenylpropanoids Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 730 5,214
Seed 330 5,339
Phytol Leaf
Piperitone Shoot Essent. Oil 259,000
Potassium Leaf 6,500 46,429
Plant 26,100
Protein Leaf 34,000
Seed 26,000 318,000
Protocatechuic-acid Leaf
Prunasin Leaf
Pseudolimonene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Pulegone Leaf Essent. Oil 9,000
Quercetin Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 3 23
Seed 1 8
Rosmarinic-acid Leaf 10,300 12,100
Seed 2,300
Stem 2,900
Sabinene Shoot Essent. Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000
Scutellerein Plant
Shikimic-acid Plant
Sodium Leaf 20 1,429
Plant 204
Stigmasterol Plant
Terpinolene Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Thiamin Leaf 1 5
Seed 1 7
Trans-p-menth-8-en-7-yl-caffeate Plant
Vinyl-caffeate Plant
Water Leaf 860,000
Seed 63,000 178,000
Xoi-a Plant 11 78
Xoi-b Plant 3 21
Zinc Plant 50
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]